Article Reworked - Corrections And Rephrased Sentences. Introduction: Wahhabi’s believe the Ahadith which indicate east as the direction and province of Najd as place of emergence of group of Satan/Khawarij are about Iraq. In contradiction to their belief, the Muslims believe the vast majority of adherents of early Khawarij were from Arabia – from the sub-tribes of Banu Rabia and Banu Mudhar. One will question – why does a Wahhabi believe those Ahadith are about Iraq? Answer is, Wahhabi’s and their Wahhabism emerged from Najd, fulfilling all the conditions which identify them as a Khariji sect, so to do damage control they declared the Ahadith of Najd/east were in reality about Iraq/north. To decide between position of Muslims and their opponent the Wahhabi’s it is important to take into account the Hadith of - group of Satan is to emerge from the direction of sunrise. If one is living in Madinah and sees the sun rising from the direction of Iraq then applying the Hadith of east/sunrise to Iraq would be acceptable. If it is not possible to see the runrise from Iraq while standing in Madinah then application of east/sunrise Ahadith to Iraq is a innovation which takes to hell-fire. Group Of Satan Is Sect Of Kufr: Regarding Khawarij (i.e. group of Satan) Prophet (sallallahu alayhi wa aalihi was’sallam) is reported to have said: “... Messenger of Allah remarked: The summit of unbelief is towards the East and the pride and conceitedness is found among the owners of horses and camels who are rude and uncivil, people of the tents, and tranquillity is found among those who rear goats and sheep.” [Ref: Muslim, B1, H87] In another Hadith Prophet (sallallahu alayhi wa aalihi was’sallam) is reported to have said: “Narrated 'Abdullah: The Prophet stood up and delivered a sermon, and pointing to 'Aisha's house, he said thrice, "Affliction (will appear from) here," and, "from the side, where Satan's head will come out." [Ref: Bukhari, B53, H336] He was precisely pointing toward region of Riyadh, which is toward central Arabian province of Najd, read. Prophet (sallallahu alayhi wa aalihi was’sallam) came out of Hadhrat Aysha’s (radiallah ta’ala anha) house and while pointing toward east said: “Ibn Umar reported that Allah's Messenger came out from the house of 'A'isha and said: It would be from this side that there would appear the height of unbelief, viz. where appear the groups of Satan.” [Ref: Muslim, B41, H6941] This establishes Khawarij are Kuffar. Group Of Satan Appearing From Direction Of Sunrise: Prophet (sallallahu alayhi wa aalihi was’sallam) was making dua for Yemen and Sham. Amongst the gathering people of Najd were present they requested that Prophet (sallallahu alayhi wa aalihi was’sallam) also make dua for Najd but Prophet (sallallahu alayhi wa aalihi was’sallam) refused and said he will not make dua for Najd because group of Satan will emerge from Najd: "The People said, "And also on our Najd." He said, "O Allah! Bestow Your blessings on our Sham (north)! O Allah! Bestow Your blessings on our Yemen." The people said, "O Allah's Apostle! And also on our Najd." I think the third time the Prophet said, "There (in Najd) is the place of earthquakes and afflictions and from there comes out the side of the head of Satan." [Ref: Bukhari, B88, H214] Najd is east of Madinah and Prophet (sallallahu alayhi wa aalihi was’sallam) said: “Narrated Ibn 'Umar: I heard Allah's Apostle while he was facing the East, saying, "Verily! Afflictions are there, from the side where group of Satan will come out." [Ref: Bukhari, B88, H213] In another Hadith it is recorded Prophet (sallallahu alayhi wa aalihi was’sallam) said: “Narrated Salim's father: The Prophet stood up beside the pulpit and said, "Afflictions are there! Afflictions are there, from the side where group of Satan will come out," or said, "... the side of the sun (rise) ..." [Bukhari, B88, H212] Both are possible, if Prophet (sallallalahu alayhi wa aalihi was’sallam) said: “Afflictions are there, from the side where group of Satan will come out.”, this is supported Hadith and if he said: “Afflictions are there from the side of the sunrise!”, this also is supported by evidence. He reportedly has said: “Abu Huraira said: I heard the Prophet (may peace and blessings be upon him) saying: There came the people of Yemen, they are tender of feelings and meek of hearts. The belief is that of the Yemenites, the sagacity is that of the Yemenites, the tranquillity is among the owners of goats and sheep, and pride and conceitedness is among the uncivil owners of the camels, the people of the tents in the direction of sunrise.” [Ref: Muslim, B1, H91] So far we have established from direction of east, the direction of sunrise, from the province of Najd group of Satan will emerge and the people of sunrise/east are uncivil owners of camels. The following hadith establishes people of east/sunrise are merciless and they are preoccupied with their camels and pay no attention to religion and group of Satan will appear from their direction: "True belief is Yemenite yonder but sternness and mercilessness are the qualities of those who are busy with their camels and pay no attention to the Religion where the two sides of the group of Satan will appear. Such qualities belong to the tribe of Rabi`a and Mudar." [Ref: Bukhari, Bo54, H521] This conclusively establishes the group of Satan is to emerge from east of Madinah in province of Najd from the direction of sunrise. Extremities Of Sunrise And Sunsetting: The following image explains the diagram used on suncalc website, image:
Please do click on the link provided above. Then slide the time bar from zero to twenty. As the time changes so does the position of the sun. Next cycle the date from 1st January to 1st of every month in any year and note the place of sunrise and sunset change. You will also note that position of sunrise/sunset does not exceed the yellow arch but moves from south to north and back to south and then back to north, cycle continues. By zooming in and out of the map you will see precise locations of sunrise and sunset as well as general direction of sunrise/sunset.
Sunrise And Sunset From Madinah:
The following images point to position of sunrise and sunset during different months of 2014. Note every month the place of sunrise/sunset changes, note the change of dates on the images.
The following picture displays the northern boundary of sunrise: Conclusion: This establishes it is impossible for one living in Madinah to see the sunrising from the direction of Iraq and it is obvious that sunrises from Yemen and between Riyadh and Buraydah region of Arabian peninsula. Hence the Ahadith which say the group of Satan will emerge from east from the direction of sunrise and from Najd cannot be referring to Iraq but they are about Najd which is precisely east from city of Madinah. The only fully fledged faction to emerge from east, as a sect, from the direction of sunrise, and from the province of Najd, from al Uyayna and al Dirriyah, fulfilling all the conditions which help the Muslims to identify them as group of Satan (i.e. Khawarij) are Wahhabi’s. This is the group of Kufr about which Prophet (sallallahu alayhi wa aalihi was’sallam) said, the summit of Kufr is in east [of Madinah]. Wama alayna ilal balaghul mubeen. Muhammed Ali Razavi