Attari.Rafique

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  1. Hazrat Sayyiduna Imam Hussain (Radiallahu Ta'ala Anh) is the beloved son of Hazrat Sayyiduna Ali and Bibi Fatima (Ridwanullahi Ta'ala Alaihim Ajma'een) and the most beloved grandson of Rasoolullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam). He was born on the 5th of Sha'baan in the year 4 Hijri. Rasoolullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) gave the Azaan in his right ear and the Iqaamat in his left ear. He then placed his blessed saliva in the mouth of Hazrat Imam Hussain (Radiallahu Ta'ala Anh) and made Dua for him. On the 7th day he was named Hussain and his Aqeeqa was performed. Rasoolullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) commanded Hazrat Bibi Fatima (Radiallahu Ta'ala Anh) to remove his hair and to give silver in charity equivalent to the weight of the hair. Hazrat Imam Hussain (Radiallahu Ta'ala Anh) was without doubt a very handsome personality. From his chest down to his blessed feet he was the image of Rasoolullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam), whereas his elder brother Hazrat Imam Hassan (Radiallahu Ta'ala Anh) was the image of Rasoolullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) from his chest up to his blessed head. The blessed face of Hazrat Imam Hussain (Radiallahu Ta’ala Anh) was so bright that it would even shine in the darkness of night. Hazrat Imam Hussain (Radiallahu Ta'ala Anh) was taught by Rasoolullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam), Hazrat Bibi Fatima and Sher-e-Khuda Hazrat Ali (Radiallahu Ta'ala Anhum). Rasoolullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) loved Hazrat Imam Hussain (Radiallahu Ta'ala Anh) due to his piety and pure heart. The Beloved Rasool (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) was also aware that the time would come when his beloved grandson would save the Ummah from destruction at the hands of a corrupt and tyrant leader. Rasoolullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) loved Hazrat Imam Hussain (Radiallahu Ta'ala Anh) dearly. Hazrat Umar Farooq (Radiallahu Ta'ala Anh) said, “Once, when I presented myself in the court of Rasoolullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) I saw that he was walking on his knees carrying Hazrat Imam Hussain (Radiallahu Ta'ala Anh) on his blessed back. When I saw this I said, “Your mode of transport is most splendid. On hearing this, the Beloved Rasool (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) replied, “O Umar, the passenger is also very splendid.”” Hazrat Ya'la bin Marwaa (Radiallahu Ta'ala Anh) reports that Rasoolullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) said, “Hussain is from me and I am from Hussain. Whosoever has kept Hussain as his beloved, Allah is his beloved.” Hazrat Jaabir ibn Abdullah (Radiallahu Ta'ala Anh) states, “I heard from Rasoolullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam), “Whosoever wishes to see the leader of Paradise, he should look at Hussain ibn Ali (Radiallahu Ta'ala Anh).”” Hazrat Imam Hussain (Radiallahu Ta'ala Anh) was a very kind, gentle, generous, merciful and Allah-fearing personality. He always cared for the poor and oppressed, assisted the helpless, gave comfort to those in pain and sorrow and showed great love and affection towards orphans. He was the embodiment of the character of his grandfather Sayyiduna Rasoolullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) and of his blessed parents. His tolerance and patience was also exemplary. This was manifested by the fact that his martyrdom had been foretold by the Beloved Rasool (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) and even though he was aware of this, he still made sabr and waited for the Will of Allah to take its course. Hazrat Imam Hussain (Radiallahu Ta’ala Anh) was also blessed with bravery of the highest degree and this bravery and fearlessness was manifested on many occasions, particularly during the Battle of Karbala. The following incidents should give us a glimpse of the exemplary personality of Hazrat Imam Hussain (Radiallahu Ta’ala Anh): Once, Hazrat Imam Hassan and Imam Hussain (Radiallahu Ta'ala Anhum) wrote some words in calligraphy on a blackboard. After they had completed writing, they both told each other that the other's writing was better. They could not come to an agreement as to whose writing was better, so they took their work to Hazrat Ali (Radiallahu Ta'ala Anh) and asked him to make the decision. He looked at their work and asked them to take it to their mother Hazrat Bibi Fatima (Radiallahu Ta'ala Anha). She looked at their work and said that the best person to make such a decision would be their beloved grandfather Sayyiduna Rasoolullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam). Both brothers then went to the court of the Beloved Rasool (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam), who looked at their work and said, “This decision will be made by Hazrat Jibra'eel (Alaihis Salaam). Immediately Hazrat Jibra'eel (Alaihis Salaam) appeared and said, “O Prophet of Allah, this decision will be made by Almighty Allah.” Thus Almighty Allah commanded Hazrat Jibra'eel (Alaihis Salaam) to take an apple from Jannat and to drop it over their boards. The best piece of work will be that on which the apple will fall. Hazrat Jibra'eel (Alaihis Salaam) then did as commanded and dropped the apple over the boards. The apple fell and split into two equal pieces, half on the board of Hazrat Imam Hassan and half on the board of Hazrat Imam Hussain (Radiallahu Ta'ala Anhum). Subhaanallah! This showed that both of their calligraphic writing was equal. It also shows us what excellence has been bestowed on the grandsons of Rasoolullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) that the decision concerning their writing is made in the Divine Court of Almighty Allah. Once, Hazrat Imam Hassan and Imam Hussain (Radiallahu Ta'ala Anhum) had gone outside for a long time and Hazrat Bibi Fatima (Radiallahu Ta'ala Anha) became very worried. She was still thinking about where the children might have gone when the Beloved Rasool (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) arrived at her home. She immediately asked her beloved father, “Ya Rasoolullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam), Imam Hassan and Imam Hussain cannot be found. They have gone out and we do not know their whereabouts.” Just then, Hazrat Jibra'eel (Alaihis Salaam) descended and said, “Ya Rasoolullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam), there is nothing to worry about. Both the children are at a certain place and Almighty Allah has appointed angels to protect them.” On hearing this, Rasoolullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) went to the spot pointed out by Hazrat Jibra'eel (Alaihis Salaam) and he saw that both the beloved grandsons were resting and an angel had one of his wings under them and was shading them with the other wing. The Beloved Rasool (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) kissed both of them and carried them home to Hazrat Bibi Fatima (Radiallahu Ta'ala Anha). Once a Bedouin presented himself in the court of Hazrat Imam Hussain (Radiallahu Ta'ala Anh) and said, “I heard your beloved grandfather (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) say that when one is in need of anything, then one should request this from one of four persons; either from a pious Arab, or from a pious master, or from a Hafizul Qur'an, or from a graceful person, and all these four qualities are found in you in the highest form. The reason for this, is that if the entire Arabia received piety, it is through your blessed family, and generosity is your beautiful quality; as for the Qur'an, this was revealed in your home and concerning your gracefulness, I heard your beloved grandfather (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) say, “If you wish to see me, then look at Hassan and Hussain.”” Hazrat Imam Hussain (Radiallahu Ta'ala Anh) listened to his words and then said, “I heard my beloved grandfather Rasoolullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) saying, “Piety is according to one's knowledge.” I will thus ask you three religious questions. I have with me this bag. If you answer one question I shall give you one third of what is in the bag; if you answer two, then I shall give you half of what is in this bag and if you answer all the questions, then I shall give you all of what is in the bag.” The Bedouin was very pleased and requested Hazrat Imam Hussain (Radiallahu Ta'ala Anh) to present the questions. He asked, “Which action is the most exalted amongst all actions?” The Bedouin replied, “To bring faith in Allah.” Imam Hussain (Radiallahu Ta'ala Anh) then asked, “What protects a servant from destruction?” He answered, “In having complete trust (faith) in Allah.” Imam Hussain (Radiallahu Ta'ala Anh) then asked, “What is that through which a servant attains his splendour?” He answered, “By knowledge which is accompanied with good deeds.” He asked, “And if one does not have this quality?” He answered, “He should have that wealth in which there is generosity.” He then asked, “And what if one does not have such wealth?” He said, “He should be patient in his poverty.” Sayyidush Shuhada (Radiallahu Ta’ala Anh) then asked, “And what if someone is not is such a poverty (where he is patient)?” The Bedouin replied, “Then he should be struck by a bolt of lightening.” On hearing these answers, Hazrat Imam Hussain (Radiallahu Ta'ala Anh) smiled and gave him the entire bag. Once Hazrat Imam Hassan, Hazrat Imam Hussain and Hazrat Abdullah ibn Jaafar (Radiallahu Ta'ala Anhum) had gone together on Hajj. On their way, the camel which was carrying food, water and belongings went astray and was left far behind. They came to a shack belonging to a very old woman. All three of them went over to the shack and told the woman that they were very thirsty and asked if she could spare them something to drink. The old woman kindly milked her goats and presented the goats milk for them to drink. They then kindly asked if she had anything for them to eat. The old woman said that the food was not prepared but if they wished to wait, she would slaughter the goat and cook it for them. They thus agreed to wait. The goat was slaughtered and the old woman cooked a delicious meal. All of them happily partook in the meal, and on leaving they informed the old woman that they were of the Quraish tribe and they invited her to visit them in Madina, so that they may return her generous favour. The three of them then continued on their journey. Her husband came home later that day and found that she had cooked the goat. He was very angry that she had fed the goat to people she did not even know. Some time passed and both the old woman and her husband became very poor. They travelled to Madina Munawwarah where they earned very little money gathering and selling camel droppings. Once while she was walking in Madina Shareef, Hazrat Imam Hassan (Radiallahu Ta'ala Anh) spotted her. He immediately went up to her and asked if she recognized him. The old woman said that she could not and Imam Hassan (Radiallahu Ta'ala Anh) explained to her that he was amongst those who stopped at her shack and partook in a meal which she provided for them. On hearing this she was very pleased and she informed Hazrat Imam Hassan (Radiallahu Ta'ala Anh) of her situation. Hazrat Imam Hassan (Radiallahu Ta'ala Anh) took her to his home and gave her one thousand goats and one thousand dinars in cash. He then asked his servant to take her to the home of Hazrat Imam Hussain (Radiallahu Ta'ala Anh). Imam Hussain (Radiallahu Ta'ala Anh) asked her what his brother had given her, and he too blessed her with one thousand goats and one thousand dinars. Hazrat Imam Hussain (Radiallahu Ta'ala Anh) then asked his servant to take
  2. Roving Ambassador of Islam Shaykh Abd al-Aleem Siddiqui al-Qadiri Shaykh is resting at the blessed feet of Sayyidah Ayesha Siddiqah in Jannat al-Baqee. “My heart yearns to show it’s bleeding scars And to teach everyone on earth the laws Which might make blessed life’s span This is my yearning and this is my aim This is my intention and this is my claim With this I yearn to scan the globe And deliver to humanity the message of Hope” [An extract from a poem by Mawlana Shah Abd al-Aleem Siddiqui written in his college years] Blessed Birth “Roving Ambassador of Islam”, Mawlana ‘Abd al-'Aleem Siddiqui al-Qadirī Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anho was born on 15th Ramadan 1310 Hijri in Meeruth, India. He hails from the noble Siddiqui family who are direct descendants of Ameer al-Mo'mineen Sayyiduna Abu Bakr Al-Siddique Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anho in the 37th generation. Early Education His father, Hadrat Mawlana 'Abd al-Hakim Siddiquī al-Qadirī Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anho was a distinguished scholar and a high ranking 'Alim of Dīn. He was also a devout Sufi Master of the Qadiriyyah Spiritual Order. He took special care in the education of his son who completed his Nazara (visual recitation) of the Holy Qur’an at the tender age of 4. He studied elementary Arabic and Persian under the guidance of his father at home and was then enrolled at the local Madressa 'Arabiyyah Qoumiyyah where he graduated as an 'Alim. He then pursued his Secular studies at the Islamiyah High School until Matric (Grade 12). His classmate was the former president of India Dr. Zakir Hussain. In 1917, he then enrolled at Meeruth University where he graduated with a bachelor’s degree with distinction. Spiritual Development His elder brother, the great 'Alim Hadrat Mawlana Sha Ahmed Mukhtar Siddiquī Radi ALLAHu Ta'ala Anho then took him to Bareilly and handed him over to the great Mujaddid, 'Arif Billah A'la’Hadrat Imam al-Akbar Qutb al-Irshad Muhaqqiq Ahmad Rīda al-Qadirī Muhaddith Bareilwi Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anho. Here he was groomed in many Islamic sciences including strenuous spiritual training in Tasawwuf under the able supervision of the Sufi Master and 'Arif of Allah SubHanuhu wa Ta'ala. After spiritual perfection, the Imam bestowed on him the Khilafah of the Qadiriyyah Barkatiyyah Silsilah. It was here that the ardent love of the Beloved Habīb Sallallaho Alaihi wa Sallam was injected into his heart that transformed him into a perfect human (Insan al-Kamil). Hadrat Mawlana Abdul Aleem Siddiqui (Radi Allah Ta’ala Anho) was already swimming in the ocean of Ishq (love) that led him to adhere to a stable spiritual life. His mission started when he was ordered by his spiritual teachers to visit the Holy Land of Makkah al-Mukarramah. His journey to Makkah Sharif was the culmination of his spirituality, it was at that pinnacle moment that his lessons in ‘Baatin’ (inner) had to be lived in "zahiri’ (exterior). He set himself, body & soul to the pilgrimage in 1919. His life took a different turn when he stepped on the doorway of our Beloved Prophet Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam. He was warmly welcomed, as our Beloved (Sallahu Alaihi wa Sallam) blessed the heart of the Shaykh. Immediately he was convinced and inspired that he was a man chosen by Allah The Almighty and our Beloved Prophet (Sallahu Alaihi wa Sallam) to sacrifice his entire life to the service of humanity. His mission was handed over by beloved Prophet (Sallahu Alaihi wa Sallam) to his heart and soul. This was when his real journey commenced. He endured many painful obstacles and tribulations, but continued to persist through them with admirable patience. His heart was set to acquire the inner knowledge that he was taught during his early years. His approach to Tassawuf and spirituality was a distinctive feature that differentiated Shaykh (Radi Allah Ta’ala Anho) from other living scholars. The desire to spread the teaching of Islam became so intense, that he traveled far and wide not only to spread Deen Islam and to enrich people’s conception about spirituality but also for the gratification of his soul. Dunya Chaani Alaam Mein Phira, Par Tera Shuragh kahin Na Mila Jab Chashm-e-Baseerat se Dekha, hay Dil ke Andar Tu Hi Tou. He traveled through out the entire globe for 30 years with that sacred inspiration and mission to revive humanity and reveal the truth to everyone’s heart. He was not only a scholar, but also a highly endowed spiritual master conveying the message. He brought spiritual illumination to the hearts of thousands; Muslims and Non Muslims. His prayers had given hope to many that were struck by incurable illnesses. People around the world felt the sweetness of his presence. Many were attracted by his sincerity, others by the manifestation of a divine light, which encompassed his entire being and many others, by his friendly and compassionate attitude. His blessed presence and spiritual magnetism had given new impetus to the religious and social lives of thousands. He had gained a high esteem in everybody’s heart and continues to be remembered by so many as a great Sufi and spiritual leader. Shaykh was such a highly endowed Sufi that his intelligence conquered eminent persons such as leaders and statesmen of different religious beliefs. His spiritual achievements were enormously admired and many political leaders and businesses sought his guidance in their matters. He had instilled purity and spirituality in the hearts of those he met. Even the celebrated intellectuals of the west had the opportunity of admiring this great saint of Islam. We cannot forget the infamous encounter between Shaykh (A Theologian) and George Bernard Shaw (A Scholar). Masjid Abd al-Aleem Siddiqui at 90 Lorong K, Telok Kurau Road Singapore. Exalted Teachers Besides his noble father and Imam Ahmad Rida Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhum Ajma'aeen, some of his other notable teachers were: a) BaHr al-'Ulūm Mawlana 'Abd al-Hayy Farangī Mahellī. 'Arif Billah Shaykh Ahmad al-Shams Shamil Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anho of Morocco. c) Shaykh Al-Sanusee Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anho of Libya. d) Hakim Ah’tasham al-Dīn (taught him Tibb : Unani Medicine). Man of Superb Qualities In Madina al-Munawwarah he was lovingly called “Tabeeb al-Hindi” (Indian Physician). Mawlana was also a celebrated poet and used “Aleem, عليم” as his poetic pen name. He inherited this science from his noble father. Since childhood, he was an influential orator and addressed a huge crowd of Muslims at a Mawlid celebration in Meerut, India at the tender age of 9 years. This was his first public speech and he spoke on the excellence of Sayyiduna Rasūlullah Sallallaho Alaihi wa Sallam. His speech had the audience spellbound. His noble father passed away when he was only 12 years old. Since his mother was a very knowledgeable and pious woman, she undertook the initiative to educate and groom her son to the peak of perfection. Since he was raised in a cradle of knowledge and piety, he possessed a refined character with an impeccable personality. His ancestral Siddiqī blood generated a great sense of awe in his personality that subdued intellectuals and peasants alike. Roving Ambassador of Islam Till this day, Hadrat Mawlana is recognised and accepted as the “Roving Ambassador of Islam” for his invaluable services to Islam and the Muslims internationally. He travelled extensively to the four corners of the globe and preached Islam. Numerous persons embraced Islam on his hands and millions benefited from his services of Dīn. Some of the countries he frequented were: 1) United Kingdom 2) United States of America 3) Germany 4) France 5) China 6) Japan 7) Indonesia 8) Malaysia 9) Vietnam 10) Burma 11) Ceylon 12) Mauritius 13) Reunion 14) Madagascar 15) Portugal 16) South Africa 17) Canada 18) Thailand 19) Lebanon 20) East Africa 21) Kenya 22) Tanzania 23) Uganda 24) Congo 25) Egypt 26) Arabia 27) Syria 28) Palestine 29) Jordan 30) Iraq 31) South America 32) Holland 33) Italy 34) Belgium 35) West Indies 36) Singapore 37) Suriname 38) Barbados 39) Guyana (then British Guiana), etc. Jamia Masjid (Kenya) built by Hadrat Shah Abd al Aleem Siddiqui that had been the centre of all Sunni activities but currently it is occupied by Deobandies and Tabhleegies for past 6/7 years. In his tours, he met with leaders of every religion and faith exchanging views not only on religion but also on political and social dimensions. His approach and presentation of Islam won the hearts of many intellectuals and statesmen, who reverted to Islam on his hands. He not only propagated Islam wherever he went, but he also established socio-religious centres that to this day are rendering invaluable services to the masses. His Eminence was also responsible for establishing various Mosques (Masaajids) and Islamic Educational Centres throughout the world. Hanafi Masjid in Colombo, the Sultaan Masjid in Singapore and the Naagarya Masjid in Japan are few of the famous mosques. The Inter-Religious Organization was founded in the '40s by Mawlana Muhammad Abdul Aleem Siddiqui Qadiri (may Allah be pleased with him), who also founded the All Malaya Muslim Missionary Society in 1931 and who was the first Muslim "missionary" to travel around the globe a number of times to spread the word of Islam. Jamiyah Singapore was founded in 1932 as an offshoot from this organization. Expert in more than 15 Languages He also studied at the Punjab University where he obtained a degree in Oriental languages. Mawlana was fluent in many languages, namely, Urdu, Arabic, Persian, English, German, Japanese, Indonesian, Suhailee and etc. Thousands Embraced Islam at his Hands Thousands embraced Islam at his hands including the well-known thinker Maria Levinskya and her husband the nuclear scientist Dr. Antonoff. An interesting account of Mawlana Muhammad Abdul Aleem Siddique's great work for Islam is found in the account of his world tour written by Dr. Tahir bin Ahmad's father - Professor Dr. Ahmad bin Ibrahim presently at the International Islamic University of Malaysia. During his tour of the world, he met with various western dignitaries and had lengthy discussions with them on Islam. He met the world-renowned Irish dramatist and Philosopher, George Bernard Shaw, on 17th of April 1935 during his visit to Mombassa, Kenya and discussed many religious problems with him. He was very much impressed by Mawlana Abdul Aleem Siddiqi and said, "I have been very pleased to make the acquaintance, and it will be the most precious of all memories of this trip of mine." ["Shavian and Theologian" published by Genuine Islam and World Federation of Islamic Missions, Karachi] A Great Politician Hadrat Mawlana was also a great politician and took an active part in local and international politics. He was very instrumental in abolishing the Hajj Tax then introduced by the Saudī Regime. The introduction of the Hajj Tax infuriated him as it was against the Sharī'ah and affected millions of incoming Hujjaj to the Holy land. It is also ethically incorrect to charge a Hajj Tax on pilgrims who spend thousands and undertake such a strenuous journey only to be welcomed at Jeddah seaport and airport by an unjustified tax instead of being given a warm welcome to the Holy Land as the guest of Allah SubHanuhu wa Ta'ala and His Rasūl Sallallaho Alaihi wa Sallam. His Request for Verdict from Mufti Aazam al-Hind He consulted with the most senior Jurist of the Muslim World, the great 'Arife Billah, Qutb al-'Alam, Muftī al-A'zam, Imam Mustafa Rīda al-Qadirī Radi ALLAHu Ta'ala Anho, and requested him for an Islamic ruling (Fatwa) on the Hajj Tax. The Grand Mufti issued an Islamic decree in the Arabic language condemning the Hajj Tax as un-Islamic which was later published by the title “Tard al-Shaytan un Sabeel al-Rahman al-Muqallib bihi Omdat al-Bayan fi Hurmate Koshan”. This Fatwa was acknowledged by many Giants of the Islamic world, namely Sadr al-Afadil Mawlana Sayyid Naī'mudīn Muradabadī Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anho, Sadr al-Sharee'ah Mawlana Amjad 'Alee al-Qadiree Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anho, etc. Hadrat Mawlana 'Abd al-'Aleem Siddiquee Radi ALLAHu Ta'ala Anho took this Fatwa and set out to meet the Saudi authorities. He met with the King in Hijaz and debated the Hajj Tax and presented the Fatwa. He convinced the King who then abolished the Hajj Tax. But unfortunately, the Saudi authorities later reinstated this un-Islamic Tax again to exploit the pilgrims to the Holy Land. It is indeed unfortunate that the Muslim world has forgotten the services of this great Ambassador of Islam. His body rests in Jannat al-Baqee Hadrat Mawlana Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anho was an ardent Lover of the Beloved Habīb, Sayyiduna Muhammad Sallallaho Alaihi wa Sallam and always prayed to die and be buried in the sacred city of Madinah al-Munawwarah. The compassionate Prophet Sallallaho Alaihi wa Sallam was fully aware of his ardent lover’s desires and hence granted him his wish. Sadly, this brilliant son of Islam finally departed on 22nd Dhul-Hijjah, 1373 Hijri(22nd August 1954) at the age of 63 years and was laid to rest peacefully at the feet of Umm al-Mo'minīn Sayyidah A’yesha Siddiqah Radi ALLAHu Ta'ala Anha in Jannat al-Baqee’. Tabhleegh in form of Literature Although he was extremely busy in his international mission of Tableegh, he still found time to write numerous books in Urdu and English. Some of them are: 1) Zikr-e-Habīb (Urdu) 2) Ahkam-e-Ramadan wa Eid al-Fitr (Urdu) 3) Qadyanī Haqiqat ka Izhar (Urdu) 4) Bahar-e-Shabab (Urdu) 5) Quest for True Happiness (English) 6) Principles of Islam (English) 7) Forgotten Path of Knowledge (English) 8) Muslim Contribution to Science (English) 9) Kitabbut Tassawuf ( Urdu) 10) Elementary Teaching of Islam (Hanafi) (English) 11) Elementary Teaching of Islam (Shafa’ī) (English) 12) The Mirror (English) 13) A Shavian and Theologian (English) 14) History of The Codification of Islamic Law Cultivation Of Science By Muslims (English) 15) A Short Catechism Of Islam (English) 16) The Universal Teacher (English) 17) The Universal Religion (English) 18) The Islamic Ideal (English) 19) The Meaning Of Worship (English) 20) Women And Their Status In Islam (English) 21) Islam’s Answer To The Challenge Of Communism (English) 22) The Preservers of Hadith (English) 23) Ijtahad and Mujtahid (English) and etc. He was also the founder of various newspapers and Islamic magazines from amongst which are, "The Muslim Digest" (South Africa), "Trinidad Muslim Annual" and the "Pakistani News" and was author of numerous books such as the "Cultivation of Science by the Muslims". Muballigh-e-Aazam (The Greatest Propagator of Islam) His Eminence spent most of his remaining life traveling to the most obscure corners of the world to spread the message of Islam and imparting spiritual teachings to adherents of various sufi orders. It is said that he traversed the world seven times over and has no doubt earned the title — Mubaligh-e-Azam (The Greatest Propagator of Islam). An Ode to the Great Mujjadid, Imam, Ahmad Rida Khan Qadiri Barakati Baraylawi Sayyid Ayyub Ali narrates, "The distinguished orator, Allamah Mawlana Haji Qaari Shah Abdul Aleem Siddiqi Qadiri Razawi Meeruti, on returning from the Haramayn Shareefayn presented himself to the Great Imam and recited the following Manqabat in praise of Sayyiduna Ala Hadrat (Radi Allahu Anhu). You are more than what is said in your praise, O Sha Ahmad Raza! You are the distributor of Irfaan. You are drowned in the Ocean of love and intoxicated from the goblet of Tawheed, You are the accepted of He who is the Beloved of Allah. You are the centre of Shariah, The orbit of those on the path of Tariqah and the axis of Haqiqah. Such a Qutbul Awliya are you! The oceans of Shariah and Tariqah join here. Your chest is the confluence of those oceans. Such a guide are you! The people of the Haram have accepted you as their Qibla and Kabaah, You are the ‘people of the Qibla's’ Qibla. Such a Qibla are you! Through whom the Crowns of the Eminent are decorated, You are such a radiant emerald and priceless gem! I went to the land of the Arabs and saw with my eyes your activities; undoubtedly, you are the direction of the Ajam (Non Arab)! The people of the path of Tariqah travel for you, Such a Qutb of the time and Leader of the Awliya are you! The glory of Siddique Akbar is demonstrated through your taqwa, Why should I not call you the most pious when you are the most virtous! The awe of Farooq-e-Azam is demonstrated from you, You are the epitome of harshness on the kuffar, You are the courageous lion of whom the dissentors fear! You have collected the secret Quranic points, This is your inheritance from Uthmaan! In the sincerity of Ali, mannerism of Hassan and the resolve of Husayn, By Allah you the most unique of the times and someone unfound! You are spreading the knowledge of truth into the corners of the globe, You are the Imaam of the Ahle Sunnah and the Successor to Sayyiduna Gauth-e-Paak! Beggars beseech and spread their bags before you, Fill the bags of the mendicant because you are their hope! No one is ever returned empty handed, such a generosity is yours! This unfortunate Aleem is a humble beggar of your court, You are his King who will show favour on his condition! Once the Mawlana had recited these verses, Sayyiduna Ala Hadrat asked him, "Mawlana, What can I present to you? The Imam pointed to his turban (which was very expensive) whilst he asked this to the Mawlana. Even if I had to present this turban to you, it still would not be worthy to be placed at your feet as you have come from the most sanctified of places. However, I have a very expensive jubba (Cloak) which I shall present to you.” Sayyiduna went into his home and returned, carrying in his hands a velvet jubba. He gifted this jubba which could not have been less than 250 Rupees to the Mawlana who stood up to receive it. He received it with both his hands, kissed it and placed it upon his eyes and then upon his head. Then he held it against his chest for a very long time. [Hayaat-e-AlaHadrat by Malik al-Ulama, Shah Zafar al-Din Bihaari] We pray to the Bounteous Lord through the Waseela of His Compassionate Rasūl, Sayyidun wa Mawlan MuHammadur Rasoolullah Sallallaho Alaihi wa Sallam to shower the grave of the author with choicest blessings and through him, bless us all and let his struggle be a source of guidance to the Mankind. Ameen. Kaarab Tasbeeh of Shaykh Abd al-Aleem Siddiqui al-Qadiri Alaihir RaHmah
  3. All praises are due to Allāh SubHanuhu wa Ta'ala Who created His Beloved Rasool Sayyidunā MuHammad Sallallaho Alaihi wa Aalihi wa Sallam. Choicest Salāms and most revered Salutations upon the dazzling manifestation of the Sublime Lord SubHanuhu wa Ta'ala who is the most perfect and independent human created by the Real Absolute Almighty Allāh SubHanuhu wa Ta'ala. Names of the Prophet SallAllahu Alaihi wa Sallam explicitly mentioned in the Qur'an al-Kareem 1. Muhammad: Praised One. 2. Ahmad: Most Deserving of Praise. 3. al-Ahsan: The Most Beautiful. The Best. 4. Udhun khayr: Friendly Ear. 5. al-A`la: The Highest (in all creation). 6. al-Imam: The Leader. 7. al-Amin: The Dependable. 8. al-Nabi: The Prophet. 9. al-Ummi: Literate without being taught by a Teacher -or- Base / Foundation of the Universe -or- the First & the Foremost.. 10. Anfas al-`arab: The Most Precious of the Arabs. 11. Ayatullah: The Sign of Allah. 12. Alif lam mim ra: A-L-M-R. 13. Alif lam mim sad: A-L-M-S 14. al-Burhan: The Proof. 15. al-Bashir: The Bringer of Good Tidings. 16. al-Baligh: The Very Eloquent One. 17. al-Bayyina: The Exposition. 18. Thani ithnayn: The Second of Two. 19. al-Harîs: The Insistent One. 20. al-Haqq: The Truth Itself. 21. Ha Mim: H-M. 22. Ha Mim `Ayn Sîn Qaf: H-M- ` -S-Q. 23. al-Hanif: The One of Primordial Religion. 24. Khatim al-nabiyyin: The Seal of Prophets. 25. al-Khabir: The Knowledgeable One. 26. al-Da`i: The Summoner. 27. Dhu al-quwwa: The Strong One. 28. Rahmatun li al-`alamin: A Mercy for the Worlds. 29. al-Ra'uf: The Gentle One. 30. al-Rahim: The Compassionate One. 31. al-Rasul: The Messenger. 32. Sabil Allah: The Path to Allah. 33. al-Siraj al-munir: The Light-Giving Lamp. 34. al-Shâhid: The Eyewitness. 35. al-Shahîd: The Giver of Testimony. 36. al-Sâhib: The Companion. 37. al-Sidq: Truthfulness Itself. 38. al-Sirat al-mustaqim: The Straight Way. 39. Tah Sîn: T-S. 40. Tah Sîn Mim: T-S-M. 41. Tah Ha: T-H. 42. al-`Amil: The Worker. 43. al-`Abd: The Slave. 44. `Abd Allah: Allah's Slave. 45. al-`Urwat al-wuthqa: The Sure Rope. 46. al-`Aziz: The Mighty One. The Dearest One. 47. al-Fajr: The Dawn. 48. Fadl Allah: Allah's Grace. 49. Qadamu Sidq: Truthful Ground. 50. al-Karim: The Generous One. 51. Kaf Ha' Ya' `Ayn Sad: K-H-Y- ` - S 52. al-Lisan: Language Itself. 53. al-Mubashshir: The Harbinger of Goodness. 54. al-Mubîn: The Manifest. 55. al-Muddaththir: The Cloaked One. 56. al-Muzzammil: The Enshrouded One. 57. al-Mudhakkir: The Reminder. 58. al-Mursal: The Envoy. 59. al-Muslim: The One Who Submits. 60. al-Mashhud: The One Witnessed To. 61. al-Musaddiq: The Confirmer. 62. al-Muta`: The One Who Is Obeyed. 63. al-Makîn: The Staunch One. 64. al-Munadi: The Crier. 65. al-Mundhir: The Admonisher. 66. al-Mizan: The Balance. 67. al-Nas: Humanity. 68. al-Najm: The Star. 69. al-Thaqib: The Sharp-Witted One. 70. al-Nadhîr: The Warner. 71. Ni`mat Allah: Allah's Great Favor. 72. al-Nur: The Light. 73. Nun: N. 74. al-Hadi: Guidance Itself. 75. al-Wali: The Ally. 76. al-Yatim: The Orphan. The Unique One. 77. Ya Sîn: I-S. Names of the Prophet SallAllahu Alaihi wa Sallam mentioned in the Qur'an as verbs 078. âkhidh al-sadaqat: The Collector of Alms. 079. al-âmir: The Commander. 080. al-Nâhi: The Forbidder. 081. al-Tâli: The Successor. 082. al-Hâkim: The Arbitrator. 083. al-Dhakir: The Rememberer. 084. al-Râdi: The Acquiescent. 085. al-Râghib: The Keen. 086. al-Wâdi`: The Deposer. 087. Rafî` al-dhikr: The One of Exalted Fame. 088. Rafî` al-darajât: The One of The Exalted Ranks. 089. al-Sâjid: The Prostrate. 090. al-Sâbir: The Long-Suffering. 091. al-Sâdi`: The Conqueror of Obstacles. 092. al-Safuh: The Oft-Forgiving. 093. al-`âbid: The Worshipful. 094. al-`âlim: The Knower. 095. al-`Alîm: The Deeply Aware. 096. al-`Afuw: The Grantor of Pardon. 097. al-Ghâlib: The Victor. 098. al-Ghani: The Free From Want. 099. al-Muballigh: The Bearer of News. 100. al-Muttaba`: He Who Is Followed. 101. al-Mutabattil: The Utter Devotee. 102. al-Mutarabbis: The Expectant One. 103. al-Muhallil: The Dispenser of Permissions. 104. al-Muharrim: The Mandator of Prohibitions. 105. al-Murattil: The Articulate. 106. al-Muzakki: The Purifier. 107. al-Musabbih: The Lauder. 108. al-Musta`îdh: The Seeker of Refuge. 109. al-Mustaghfir: The Seeker of Forgiveness. 110. al-Mu'min: The Believer. The Grantor of Safety. 111. al-Mushâwir: The Consultant. 112. al-Musalli: The Prayerful. 113. al-Mu`azzaz: The Strengthened One. 114. al-Muwaqqar: Held in Awe. 115. al-Ma`sum: Immune. 116. al-Mansur: The One With Divine Help. 117. al-Mawla: The Master of Favors and Help. 118. al-Mu'ayyad: The Recipient of Support. 119. al-Nâsib: The One Who Makes Great Effort. 120. al-Hâdi: The Guide. 121. al-Wâ`izh: The Exhorter. [Note: The character <â> denotes a long A or alif.] Names of the Prophet SallAllahu Alaihi wa Sallam in the Hadith and the Ancient Books 122. Ajîr: The Saved One. 123. Uhyad: The Dissuader. 124. Ahhad: The Peerless One. 125. Akhumakh: Of Sound Submission. 126. al-Atqa: The Most Godwary. 127. al-Abarr: The Most Righteous One. The Most Pious One. 128. al-Abyad: The Fairest One. 129. al-Agharr: The Most Radiant One. 130. al-Anfar: The One With the Largest Assembly. 131. al-Asdaq: The Most Truthful. 132. al-Ajwad: The Most Bounteous. 133. Ashja` al-Nas: The Most Courageous of Humanity. 134. al-âkhidh bi al-hujuzât: The Grasper of Waist-Knots. 135. Arjah al-nas `aqlan: The Foremost in Humankind in Intellect. 136. al-A`lamu billah: The Foremost in Knowledge of Allah. 137. al-Akhsha lillah: The Foremost in Fear of Allah. 138. Afsah al-`arab: The Most Articulate of the Arabs. 139. Aktharu al-anbiya'i tabi`an: The Prophet With The Largest Following. 140. al-Akram: The One Held in Highest Honor. 141. al-Iklil: The Diadem. 142. Imam al-nabiyyin: The Leader of Prophets. 143. Imam al-muttaqin: The Leader of the Godwary. 144. Imam al-nas: The Leader of Humankind. 145. Imam al-khayr: The Good Leader. 146. al-Amân: The Safeguard. 147. Amanatu as-habih: (The Keeper of) His Companions's Trust. 148. al-Awwal: The First. 149. al-âkhir: The Last. 140: Ukhrâya: The Last (of the Prophets). His name in the Torah. 141: al-Awwâh: The One Who Cries Ah. 142: al-Abtahi: The One from Bitah between Mecca and Mina. 143. al-Bâriqlît, al-Barqalîtos: The Paraclete. The Spirit of Holiness. The Innocent One. 144. al-Bâtin: The Hidden One (in his station). 145. Bim'udhma'udh: One of his names in the Torah. 146. al-Bayan: The Exposition. 147. al-Taqi: The One Who Guards Himself. 148. al-Tihami: The One from Tihama (the lowland of the Hijaz). 149. al-Thimal: The Protector. 150. al-Jabbar: The Fierce One. 151. al-Khatim: The Sealer. 152. al-Hâshir: The Gatherer. 153. Hât Hât: His name in the Psalms. 154. al-Hâfizh: The Preserver. 155. Hâmid: Praiseful. 156. Hâmil liwa' al-hamd: Bearer of the Flag of Praise. 157: Habib Allah: Allah's Beloved. 158. Habib al-Rahman: The Beloved of the Merciful. 159. Habîtan: His name in the Injil. 160. al-Hujja: The Proof. 162. Hirzan li al-`ayn: A Barrier Against The Evil Eye. 163. al-Hasîb: The Sufficient One. The Highborn One. 164. al-Hafîzh: The Keeper and Guardian. 165. al-Hakîm: The Wise One. 166. al-Halîm: The Meek One. 167. Hammitâya: Guardian of Sanctity. 168. al-Humayd: The Praised One. 169. al-Hamîd: The Praised One. 170. al-Hayy: The Living One. 171. Khâzin mal Allah: Allah's Treasurer. 172. al-Khâshi`: The Fearful One. 173. al-Khâdi`: The Submissive One. 174. Khatîb al-nabiyyin: The Orator Among the Prophets. 175. Khalil Allah: Allah's Close Friend. 176. Khalifat Allah: Allah's Deputy. 177. Khayr al-`alamin: The Greatest Goodness in the Worlds. 178. Khayru khalq Allah: The Greatest Good in Allah's Creation. 179. Khayru hadhihi al-umma: The Best of This Community. 180. Dar al-hikma: The House of Wisdom. 181. al-Dâmigh: The Refuter (of Falsehoods). 182. al-Dhikr: The Remembrance. 183. al-Dhakkar: The One Who Remembers Much. 184. al-Râfi`: The Exalter. 185. Râkib al-buraq: The Rider of the Buraq. 186. Râkib al-jamal: The Rider of the Camel. 187. Rahmatun muhdat: Mercy Bestowed. 188. Rasul al-rahma: The Emissary of Mercy. 189. Rasul al-raha: The Emissary of Relief. 190. Rasul / Nabi al-malahim: The Emissary / Prophet of Battles. 191. Rukn al-mutawadi`in: The Pillar of the Humble Ones. 192. al-Rahhab: The Most Fearful. 193. Ruh al-haqq: The Spirit of Truth. 194. Ruh al-qudus: The Spirit of Holiness. 195. al-Zahid: The One Who Does-Without. 196. al-Zaki: The Pure One. 197. al-Zamzami: The Heir of Zamzam. 198. Zaynu man wâfa al-qiyama: The Ornament of All Present on the Day of Judgment. 199. Sabiq: Foremost. 200. Sarkhatilos: Paraclete (in Syriac). 201. Sa`id: Felicitous. 202. al-Salam: Peace. 203. Sayyid al-nas: The Master of Humanity. 204. Sayyid walad Adam: The Master of the Children of Adam. 205. Sayf Allah: Allah's Sword. 206. al-Shâri`: The Law-Giver. 207. al-Shâfi`: The Intercessor. 208. al-Shafî`: The Constant Intercessor. 209. al-Mushaffa`: The One Granted Intercession. 210. al-Shâkir: The Thankful One. 211. al-Shakkâr: The One Who Thanks Much. 212. al-Shakur: The Ever-Thankful. 213. Sâhib al-taj: The Wearer of the Crown. 214. Sâhib al-hujja: The Bringer of The Proof. 215. Sâhib al-hawd: The Owner of the Pond. 216. Sâhib al-kawthar: The Owner of the River of Kawthar. 217. Sâhib al-hatîm: The Lord of the Court Before the Ka`ba. 218. Sâhib al-khâtim: The Owner of the Seal. 219. Sâhibu Zamzam: The Owner of Zamzam. 220. Sâhib al-sultan: The Possessor of Authority. 221: Sâhib al-sayf: The Bearer of the Sword. 222. Sâhib al-shafa`at al-kubra: The Great Intercessor. 223. Sâhib al-qadib: The Bearer of the Rod. 224. Sâhib al-liwa': The Carrier of the Flag. 225. Sâhib al-mahshar: The Lord of the Gathering. 226. Sâhib al-mudarra`a: The Wearer of Armor. 227. Sâhib al-mash`ar: The Owner of the Landmark. 228. Sâhib al-mi`raj: The One Who Ascended. 229. Sâhib al-maqam al-mahmud: The One of Glorified Station. 230. Sâhib al-minbar: The Owner of the Pulpit. 231. Sâhib al-na`layn: The Wearer of Sandals. 232. Sâhib al-hirâwa: The Bearer of the Cane. 233. Sâhib al-wasila: The Possessor of the Means. 234. Sâhib la ilaha illallah: The Teacher of "There is no god but Allah." 235. al-Sadiq: The Truthful. 236. al-Masduq: The Confirmed. 237. al-Sâlih: The righteous one. 238. al-Dâbit: The One Given Mastery. 239. al-Dahuk: The Cheerful One. 240. al-Tahir: The (Ritually) Pure One. 241. Tâb Tâb: Of Blessed Memory. His Name in the Torah. 242. al-Tayyib: The Salutary One. The Fragrant One. 243. al-Zhahir: The Prevailer. 244. al-`âqib: The Last in Succession. 245. al-`Adl: The Just. 246. al-`Arabi: The Arabian. The Speaker of Arabic. 247. `Ismatullah: Allah's Protection. 248. al-`Azhim: The Tremendous One. 249. al-`Afif: The Chaste One. 250. al-`Ali: The High One. 251. al-Ghafur: The Frequent and Abundant Forgiver. 252. al-Ghayth: Rain. Help (esp. in the elements). 253. al-Fâtih: The Conqueror. 254. al-Fâriq: The Separator Between Good and Bad. 255. Fârqilîta: The Paraclete. 256. Fartt: The Scout. 257. al-Fasîh: The Highly Articulate One. 258. Falâh: Felicity. 259. Fi'at al-muslimin: The Main Body of the Muslims. 260. al-Qa'im: The One Who Stands and Warns. The Establisher. 261. Qâsim: The Distributer. 262. Qa'id al-khayr: The Leader Who Guides to Goodness. 263. Qa'id al-ghurr al-muhajjalîn: Leader of the Bright-Limbed Ones. 264. al-Qattal: The Dauntless Fighter. 265. Qutham: Of Perfect Character. Gifted With Every Merit. 266. Qudmâya: The First (of the Prophets). His name in the Torah. 267. al-Qurashi: The One From Quraysh. 268. al-Qarîb: The Near One. 269. al-Qayyim: The Righteous Straightener (of the Community). 270. al-Kâff: The One Who Puts a Stop (to Disobedience). 271. al-Mâjid: The Glorifier. 272. al-Mâhi: The Eraser (of Disbelief). 273. al-Ma'mun: The One Devoid of Harm. 274. al-Mubarak: The Blessed One. 275. al-Muttaqi: The Godwary One. 276. al-Mutamakkin: Made Firm and Established. 277. al-Mutawakkil: Completely Dependent Upon Allah. 278. al-Mujtaba: The Elect One. 279. al-Mukhbit: The Humble Before Allah. 280. al-Mukhbir: The Bringer of News. 281. al-Mukhtar: The Chosen One. 282. al-Mukhlis: The Perfectly Sincere One. 283. al-Murtaja: The Much Anticipated One. 284. al-Murshid: The Guide. 285. Marhama: General Amnesty. 286. Malhama: Great Battle. 287. Marghama: Greater Force. 288. al-Musaddad: Made Righteous. 289. al-Mas`ud: The Fortunate. 290. al-Masîh: The Anointed. 291. al-Mashfu`: Granted Intercession. 292. Mushaqqah / Mushaffah: Praised One. 293. al-Mustafa: The One Chosen and Purified. 294. al-Muslih: The Reformer. 295. al-Mutahhir / al-Mutahhar: The Purifier / The Purified One. 296. al-Muti`: The Obedient One. 297. al-Mu`ti: The Giver. 298. al-Mu`aqqib: The One Who Comes Last in Succession. 299. al-Mu`allim: The Teacher. 300. al-Mifdal: The Most Generous. 301. al-Mufaddal: Favored Above All Others. 302. al-Muqaddas: The One Held Sacred. 303. Muqim al-Sunna: The Founder of The Way. 304. al-Mukrim: The One Who Honored Others. 305. al-Makki: The Meccan One. 306. al-Madani: The Madinan One. 307. al-Muntakhab: The Chosen One. 308. al-Munhaminna: The Praised One (in Syriac). 309. al-Munsif: The Equitable One. 310. al-Munib: The Oft-Repentant One. 311. al-Muhajir: The Emigrant. 312. al-Mahdi: The Well-Guided One. 313. al-Muhaymin: The Watcher. 314. al-Mu'tamin: The One Given the Trust. 315. Mûsal: Mercied. (In the Torah.) 316. Mâdh Mâdh / Mûdh Mûdh / Mîdh Mîdh: Of Blessed Memory. 317. al-Nâsikh: The Abrogator. 318. al-Nâshir: The Proclaimer. 319. al-Nâsih: The Most Sincere Adviser. 320. al-Nâsir: The Helper. 321. Nabi al-marhama: The Prophet of General Amnesty. 322. al-Nasîb: The One of High Lineage. 323. al-Naqiy: The Limpid One. 324. al-Naqîb: Trustee. Guarantor. 325. al-Hâshimi: The One of Hâshim's Line. 326. al-Wâsit: Central in Relation To All The Noble Families. 327. al-Wâ`id: The Harbinger of Terrible News. 328. al-Wasîla: The Means. 329. al-Wafi: Holder of His Promise. 330. Abu al-Qasim: Father of Qasim. 331. Abu Ibrahim: Father of Ibrahim. 332. Abu al-Mu'minin: Father of the Believers. 333. Abu al-Arâmil: Father of Widows. Additional Names of Prophet SallAllahu Alaihi wa Sallam From Al-Jazuli's (d. 870) Dalail al-Khayrat 334. Wahîd: Unique One. 335. Sayyid: Master. 336. Jâmi`: Unifier. 337. Muqtafi: Imitated One. 338. Kâmil: Perfect One. 339. Safi Allah: Allah's Chosen and Purified One. 340. Naji Allah: Allah's Intimate Friend. 341. Kalîm Allah: Conversant With Allah. 342. Muhyin: Giver of Life. 343. Munajji: Savior. 344. Ma`lum: Of Known Position. 345. Shahîr: Famous. 346. Mashhud: Visible. 347. Misbâh: Lamp. 348. Mad`uw: Called upon. 349. Mujib: Responsive to Requests. 350. Mujab: Whose Request is Granted. 351. Hafiy: Affectionate and Kind. 352. Mukarram: Highly Honored. 353. Matîn: Steadfast. 354. Mu'ammil: Rouser of Hope. 355. Wasûl: Conveyer? 356. Dhu hurma: Sacrosanct. 357. Dhu makâna: Of Eminent Station. 358. Dhu `izz: Endowed With Might. 359. Dhu Fadl: Pre-Eminent. 360. Ghawth: Helper. 361. Ghayyath: Prompt and Frequent Helper. 362. Hadiyyatullah: Allah's Gift. 363. Sirât Allah: The Way to Allah. 364. Dhikrullah: The Remembrance of Allah. 365. Hizbullah: The Party of Allah. 366. Muntaqa: Carefully Selected. 367. Abu al-Tahir: Father of Tahir. 368. Barr: Pious. Dutiful. 369. Mubirr: Who Overcomes. 370. Wajîh: Distinguished In Allah's Sight. 371. Nasîh: One Who Excels At Sincere Advice. 372. Wakîl: Trustee. Dependable. 373. Kafîl: Guarantor. Guardian. 374. Shafîq: Solicitous. Tender. 375. Ruh al-qist: The Spirit of Justice. 376. Muktafi: Does With Little. 377. Bâligh: One Who Has Reached His Goal. 378. Shâfi: Healer. 379. Wâsil: One Who has Reached His Goal. 380. Mawsûl: Connected. 381. Sâ'iq: (Mindful) Conductor. 382. Muhdi: Guide. 383. Muqaddam: Pre-eminent One. 384. Fâdil: Most Excellent One. 385. Miftâh: Key. 386. Miftâh al-rahma: The Key to Mercy. 387. Miftâh al-janna: The Key to Paradise. 388. `Alam al-iman: The Standard of Belief. 389. `Alam al-yaqîn: The Standard of Certainty. 390. Dalîl al-khayrât: The Guide to Good Things. 391. Musahhih al-hasanât: The Ratifier of Good Deeds. 392. Muqîl al-`atharât: The Dismisser of Private Faults. 393. Safûh `an al-zallât: The One Who Disregards Lapses. 394. Sâhib al-qadam: Possessor of The Foothold. 395. Makhsûs bi al-`izz: Alone to Be Granted Might. 396. Makhsûs bi al-majd: Alone to Be Granted Glory. 397. Makhsûs bi al-sharaf: Alone to Be Granted Honor. 398. Sâhib al-fadîla: Possessor of Greatest Pre-Eminence. 399. Sâhib al-izâr: The Wearer of the Loin-wrap. 400. Sâhib al-rida': The Wearer of the Cloak. 401. Sâhib al-daraja al-rafî`a: Possessor of the Highest Degree. 402. Sâhib al-mighfar: Possessor of the Helmet. 403. Sâhib al-bayân: The Spokesman. 404. Mutahhar al-janân: Purified of Heart. 405. Sahîh al-islam: Completer of Islam. 406. Sayyid al-kawnayn: Master of Humanity and Jinn. 407. `Ayn al-na`îm: Spring of Bliss. Bliss Itself. 408. `Ayn al-ghurr: Spring of the Radiant Ones. Radiance Itself. 409. Sa`dullah: Felicity Bestowed by Allah. 410. Sa`d al-khalq: Felicited Bestowed Upon Creation. 411. Khatîb al-umam: The Orator to the Nations. 412. `Alam al-huda: Flag of Guidance. 413. Kâshif al-kurab: Remover of Adversities. 414. Râfi` al-rutab: The Raiser of Ranks. 415. `Izz al-`arab: Might and Glory of the Arabs. 416. Sâhib al-faraj: Bringer of Deliverance. [sallAllahu Ta'ala Alaihi wa Aalihi wa SaHbihi wa Baaraka wa Sallam] Al-Jazuli's Invocation at the End of His list of the Prophet's (SallAllahu Alaihi wa Sallam) Names O Allah, O our Lord! for the honor of Your elect Prophet and Pleasing Messenger before You, purify our hearts from all the traits that keep us away from Your presence and Your love, and have us pass away following his Way and adhering to his Congregation, longing to meet You, O Possessor of Majesty and Generosity! And the blessings and abundant greetings and peace of Allah be upon our master and liege-lord Muhammad SallAllahu Alaihi wa Sallam, and upon his Family and Companions... Aameen! <br style="font-family: georgia, serif; ">— — — Compiled by MuHammad Faysal Noori
  4. The Writer of Dalail al-Khayrat Sharif Al-Imam Muhammad Ibn Sulayman al-Jazuli Al-Qutb al-Kamil, Al-Imam Abu Abdullah Muhammad Ibn Abdur Rahman Ibn Abi Bakr Ibn Suleiman Al-Jazuli Simlali al-Hassani al-Maghribi (d. 869/1454). Referred to his grandfather, he is called shortly Shaykh Muhammad Ibn Suleiman al-Jazuli. He belonged to the Berber tribe of Jazula which is settled in the Sus area of Morocco between the Atlantic and the Atlas Mountains. Although the date of Imam al-Jazouli's birth is not known, enough information exists to provide a rough outline of his origins and background. His nisbah (Attributional Name) tells us the he came from the Simlala tribe, one of the most important Sanhaja Berber groups in Jazula. The turbulent political environment of Simlala in the fifteenth century forced the Shaykh to leave his homeland because its culture of violence made serious scholarship impossible. As it turned out, the young sharif had to travel all the way to Fez to get an education, since the insufficient intellectual resources of Marrakech (Morocco), the usual destination for students from central and southern-Saharan Morocco, made study in that city impossible as well. He studied locally and then travelled to the Madrasat as-Saffareen in Féz, the spiritual capital of Morocco where his room is still pointed out to visitors. In Fez, He memorized the four volumes Mudawwana of Imam Malik and met scholars of his time such as Ahmad Zarruq, and Muhammad ibn 'Abdullah Amghar, who became his Shaykh in the Tariqah or Sufi path. After setting a tribal feud he left the area and spent the next forty years in Makkah Mukarrama, Madina Munawwarah and Jerusalem. After this, he returned to Fez where he completed Dala'il al-Khayrat. He took the Shadiliya Path from Shaykh Abu Abdullah Muhammad Ibn Amghar as-Saghir, one of the Ashraaf (Descendants of the Prophet) of Bani Amghar village. He spent fourteen years in Khalwa (seclusion) and then went to Safi where he gathered around him many followers. The governor of Safi felt obliged to expel him and as a result, Jazuli called down Allah's wrath on the town and it subsequently fell into the hands of the Portugese for forty years According to a tradition, it was the governor of Safi who poisoned Jazuli and caused his death, whilst engaged in prayer, in 869 AH (or 870 or 873) When he became a Complete Shaykh, he headed towards the town of Safi where he gathered many disciples around him. Later on, Sidi al-Jazuli moved to Afwiral, a Sus village in Morocco, where he established his zawiya that became a centre of spirituality attracting 12665 disciples of his. His Tariqa was mainly based on making prayers upon Sayyiduna Muhammad (peace and blessing be upon him) as indicates his book: (Dalail al-Khayrat), which he published in Féz after spending forty years in Makkah Mukarramah, Madina Munawwarah and Jerusalem. Dalail al-Khayrat or “ad-Dalil” as Moroccans prefer to call it, is considered as an exclusive source to make prayers upon Sayyiduna Muhammad (peace and blessing be upon him), as well as a correct and innovative piece of work ever published on the issue. It is said that Sidi Muhammad Al-Jazuli once went on a journey, when in great need of water for making ablutions; he came upon a well but could not reach the water without a bucket and rope which he did not have. He became very worried. A young girl saw this and came to his assistance. She spat into the well whereupon the water rose to the top of its own accord. Seeing this miracle, he asked the girl "And how is that possible?" She replied "I was able to do this through my asking for blessings upon the Prophet, Allah's blessings and peace be upon the him." Having thus seen the benefit of asking for blessings upon the Prophet, Allah's blessings and peace be upon him, he decided to write Dalail al-Khayrat. The Dala'il al-Khayrat is the most celebrated manual of Blessings on the Prophet (Allah bless him and give him peace) in history. In fact, the book of Dalail al-Khayrat was welcomed by the Ummah east and west. Many scholars concentrated to explain some of its meanings and benefits such as Sidi Suleiman al-Jamal Shafi'i, Sidi Hasan al-Adwi al-Misri, Sidi Abd al Majid Sharnubi who call his book (Manhaj as-Sa'adah), Sidi Muhammad al-Mahdi Ibn Ahmad al-Fasi who call his book (Matalia al-Masaraat Bi jalaa Dalail Al Khayrat), and the famous Savant of Allah Sidi Ahmad Zaruk; the disciple of his Shaykh Sidi al-Jazuli (may Allah lighten his tomb). Sidi Abu Abdullah Muhammad Al-Jazuli passed away in 869 AH and was buried inside his Zawiya in Afwiral. Seventy-seven (77) years after his demise, his body was exhumed for removal to Marrakech (Morocco) and found to be uncorrupted. [Adapted from The Encyclopedia of Islam, 1957 Leiden] He became one of the Seven Men of Marrakech (Morocco) in addition to Sidi Qadi Ayaad, Sidi al-Abbas Sabti, Sidi Joussouf Ben Ali, Sidi Abdul Aziz, Sidi Moul al-Ksour, and Sidi al-Soheyli (may Allah be pleased with all of them). — — — اولئك كتب في قلوبهم الايمان وايدهم بروح منه ويدخلهم جنات تجري من تحتها الانهار خالدين فيها It is these upon whose hearts Allah has ingrained faith, and has aided them with a Spirit from Himself; and He will admit them into Gardens beneath which rivers flow, abiding in them forever
  5. Allah In the name of, the Compassionate the Merciful. All praise belongs to Allah, the Lord of the worlds. May prayers and salutations be upon the master of the two worlds, our liege lord Muhammad, and upon his pure family, noble Companions, and all who follow his exemplary way. The Companions described the Prophet’s SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam beautiful form that dazzled all who saw him. They said: “The Messenger of Allah SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam had the most beautiful face, and the best form. He was neither excessively tall nor short. His face was like the moon when it is full. No one before or after him has been seen like him, and if you were to see him you would say, ‘The sun has risen.’ And when he would speak, a radiant light would be seen emitting from between his teeth.” [And from the other reports:] “The Prophet SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam had a black beard and a beautiful mouth. He had long hair and a thick beard.” “The Prophet SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam had broad shoulders. He was the greatest of people and the best of them. His hair reached his ears. Never have I seen anything more beautiful than him!”“It was as if the Prophet SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam was fashioned of silver and his sweat was pearl drops.” “The Prophet SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam was of medium height compared to others; he was neither tall nor short. He had the most beautiful face of all people and was the best of them in character. He was neither excessively tall nor short, but was closer to being tall. Never did a tall person walk with him save that the Messenger of Allah SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam appeared taller. Sometimes the Prophet SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam would walk in between two tall men yet he would seem taller then them, and when they would part ways he would appear once again of medium height.” Sayyiduna Anas Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu said, “I have never smelled ambergris or musk or any thing sweeter than the Messenger of Allah SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam.” Once, the Prophet SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam was brought a bucket of water. He drank from it and dipped it back into the well, which caused the well to emit the fragrance of musk. The Prophet’s SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam sweat was more fragrant than the finest scent. Sayyiduna Anas Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu said, “The Prophet SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam came to take a nap at our house and had perspired, so my mother came with a bottle and began to soak up the sweat. The Prophet SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam woke up and said, ‘What are you doing, Umm Sulaym?’ She replied, ‘We mix this sweat in our perfumes, and it is the finest scent.’” Sayyiduna Anas also said, “He was the most beautiful of Allah’s creation I had seen, and his scent was the most fragrant, and his hands the softest.” Sayyiduna Abu Hurayra Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu said, “The Prophet SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam was the best and most beautiful of people in his qualities. He was of medium height, with broad shoulders. His cheeks were smooth and his hair was black. His eyes were large, as if lined with antimony (kohl), with arched eyebrows. When he would place his over garment over his shoulders it would look like an ingot of silver. When he would laugh his teeth shone like pearls. I saw neither before him nor after him anyone like him SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam.” “When the Prophet SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam would open his beautiful mouth it was mostly smiles, revealing something like hailstones. Of Allah’s servants, he had the most beautiful lips and the corners of his mouth were the softest.” His complexion was fair (azhar). This means that the Prophet’s complexion was fair without an admixture of redness, yellowness, or any other color. Inside the Prophet’s Mosque, Sayyiduna Ibn 'Umar would frequently recite the verses of his uncle Abu Talib in description of the Prophet’s SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam complexion: A fair one, by virtue of whose face the rain is sought A caretaker of the orphans, a guardian of the widows Those who would hear him would say, “That is how the Prophet SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam was.” Some have described him a fair complexioned with a bit of redness. They spoke the truth; however, this slight redness would appear when the sun would shine and when the wind would blow during the forenoon. The fairness of his complexion would take on a reddish tint during that time; all the while the skin color under his garments retained a fair white complexion. No one has any doubts about this. Those who described the Prophet SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam as fair complexioned meant his skin color under his garments, and they were correct; and those who described him as fair with a bit of redness meant his appearance in the sun during the forenoon, and they were also correct. The Prophet’s SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam complexion was undoubtedly fair, and the rosiness or redness associated with it was on account of the sun and wind. The beads of the Prophet’s sweat SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam were like pearls, and his scent was more fragrant than the finest perfumes. His hair was natural without a part ; it was beautiful, and was neither curly nor straight... The Prophet’s SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam hair was above his ears. Some say that it would fall upon his shoulders, and most say that it reached his ear lobes. The Prophet SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam would occasionally plait his hair into four braids; his right ear would come out between the two braids surrounding it, and the left ear would come out between the two braids surrounding it, and the two ears would appear with their whiteness between these braids as if they were two resplendent stars lit up in the midst of the blackness of his hair. The Prophet’s SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam gray hair appeared around his temples... and most of his gray hairs were in his beard above his chin. The Prophet’s SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam gray hairs appeared as if they were strands of silver that shone in the midst of the blackness of his hair. And when he would rub the yellowish gray hairs — which he did frequently — they would appear as if they were strands of gold that shone in the midst of the blackness of his hair. The Prophet SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam was the handsomest of men, the most resplendent of them in light. Nobody would describe him without comparing his face to the full moon. Those among them would say, “Perhaps we would look upon the moon when it is full and say, ‘Indeed, the Prophet SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam is more beautiful in our eyes than the moon!’ He was of fair complexion, with a bright face that would shine like the full moon.” “The Prophet’s SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam pleasure and displeasure and happiness could be seen from his face: when he was pleased with something or something made him happy, his face was like a mirror and its brilliant light would shine upon the walls, and when he was angry his face would change color and his eyes would redden.” The Companions used to say he is as his companion Sayyiduna Abu Bakr as-Siddiq Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu described him: Honest, the Chosen One, calling unto good Like the light of the full moon that cleaves darkness They would say, “He was like that SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam.” Sayyiduna Umar Ibn al-Khattab would frequently recite the verses of Zuhayr bin Abi Salma: Were you to be anything other than human You would have been the brilliance of the full moon The Prophet SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam had a broad forehead and perfectly arched eyebrows. His eyebrows were of medium thickness and no hair in them was out of place. There was a space between them that appeared as if it were pure silver, as well as a vein that would expand when he would become angry. When not angry, this vein would not be seen. “The Prophet’s eyes were large with dark pupils, showing a slight reddishness, and he had long, lush eyelashes. His nose was aquiline. Between his teeth there was a slight space,” a separation like the teeth of a comb, except that his blessed teeth were straight all around... “When he would smile it would appear as something like hailstones in clouds, and when he would laugh it would shine like the radiance of lightning...” “His face was neither elongated nor completely circular. His beard was thick, his chest broad...” His limbs were well proportioned, as if his fingers were rods of silver. The palms of his hands were softer than silk and were fragrant, as if they were the hands of a perfumist, whether he applied scent to them or not. “When someone would shake his blessed hand it would leave a fragrance that stayed with him for the remainder of his day. And when he would pat the head of a child that child would stand out among the other children due to the fragrance on his head... ” And yet, despite all of this, Imam al-Qurtubi says: The Prophet’s complete beauty has not been fully manifested, for if it was disclosed to us in full, our eyes would be unable to behold him SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam. The similes, therefore, that are used to describe him SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam are only for the sake of approximating and drawing similitudes, for the Prophet’s essence SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam is far too exquisite and his honor is far loftier. — — — Taken from Surat al-Habib SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam by Muhammad Khalid Thabit [Cairo — Egypt]
  6. The blessed Genealogy of Sayyiduna AlaHadrat Imam Ahmad Rida Khan al-Baraylawi Alaihir raHmah The following ancestral tree of AlaHadrat Imam Ahmad Rida Khan Alaihir raHmah is carefully constructed from the authentic Books of Genealogy and meticulously scrutinized with references to other books in this field. The ancestors were compared with dates and periods found in books written by Historians who were masters in this field. The following points were noted before compiling the Ancestral tree: Preference was given to books compiled by Historians of Afghan descent/origin as they knew their descendants better than others. Furthermore, amongst the Afghani Historians, preference was given to Historians that belonged to the Bar'hech tribe as AlaHadrat Imam Ahmad Rida Khan Alaihir raHmah belong to the Bar'hech tribe. There is not much dispute in the Chain of the Ancestral tree from Sayyiduna Nabi Adam to Sayyiduna Nabi Ishaq. The chain of the Family tree from Sayyiduna Nabi Ishaq to Hadrat Malikaloot was extracted according to the citation found in the books of authors who belonged to the Bar'hech tribe. This was so because people of a tribe will have more genuine information of their ancestors in relation to others of different tribes. There is a consensus in Books of Ancestral trees from Hadrat Malikaloot to Sayyiduna Qais Malik 'Abdur-Rashid and so is the case from Sayyiduna 'Abdur-Rashid to Bar'hech. From Bar'hech till Hadrat Shuja'at Jang Muhammad Sa'eedullah Khan the genealogy was extracted from Khulasat al-Ansab, Akhbar al-Sanadid and Bustan-e-Hikmat, whose authors are not only Afghanis, but belonged to the Bar'hech tribe. This is how cautiously this Family tree from Sayyiduna Nabi Adam till AlaHadrat Imam Ahmad Rida Khan was constructed. The Ancestral tree is as follows: AlaHadrat Imam Ahmad Rida s/o Ra’is al-Atqiya Imam Muhammad Naqi 'Ali s/o 'Arife-Billah Imam Rida 'Ali s/o Mawlana Hafiz Kazim 'Ali s/o Mawlana Shah Muhammad A'zam Khan s/o Mawlana Muhammad Sa'adat Yaar Khan s/o Shuja'at Jung Muhammad Sa'idullah Khan Bhadur Qandhari s/o 'Abdur-Rahman Khan s/o Yusuf Khan Qandhari s/o Dawlat Khan s/o Badal Khan s/o Da'ūd Khan s/o Bar’hech Khan s/o Sharfud-Deen 'Urf Shar’habūn s/o Ibra’him 'Urf Sard’bun s/o Sayyiduna Qais Malik 'Abdur-Rashid Sahabi Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu s/o 'Ays s/o Salool s/o 'Utba s/o Na'eem s/o Marra s/o Malik Jalandar s/o Malik Askandar s/o Zaman s/o 'Unais s/o Bah’lool s/o Sa’lam s/o Salah s/o Qaroon s/o Nasr s/o Ashmu’ail s/o Na'eem s/o Akram s/o Ash’ath s/o Sharood s/o Makhal s/o Nusrat s/o Qalaj s/o Sher s/o 'Atham s/o Faylool s/o Karam s/o 'Amaal s/o Hudayfa s/o Mat’hal s/o Qabal s/o 'Ilm or 'Aleem s/o Ash’mool s/o Harūn s/o Qamar s/o Abi s/o Suheb s/o Talal s/o Lu’ee s/o 'Ameel s/o Taraj s/o Arzand s/o Mandool s/o Saleem or Sa’lam s/o Afghana s/o Sarad al-Muqallab bi Malik Taloot s/o Qais s/o 'Utbah s/o Talas s/o Ru’ail s/o Yahūdah s/o Sayyiduna Nabi Ya'qūb Alaihis Salam s/o Sayyiduna Nabi Ishaq Alaihis Salam s/o Khaleelullah Sayyiduna Nabi Ibra’him Alaihis Salam s/o Ta’rikh s/o Makhūd or Nahūr s/o Shurū' or Ash’ragh s/o Sayyiduna Nabi Hūd Alaihis Salam s/o 'Abir s/o Sha’lakh s/o Araf’khashad s/o Saam s/o Sayyiduna Nabi Nūh Alaihis Salam [age: 1400 years] s/o La’lak [age:780 years] s/o Malik Matla’shakh [age: 900 years] s/o Sayyiduna Nabi Idris Alaihis Salam s/o Bayarad s/o Mahla’heel s/o Qay’nan s/o Anūsh s/o Sayyiduna Nabi Sheeth Alaihis Salam [age: 912 years] s/o Sayyiduna Nabi Adam Alaihis Salam [age: 900 years] AlaHadrat Alaihir raHmah belong to the Afghani Bar'hech tribe which was of Royal Descent. He was indeed a very respectable and noble tribe in Afghanistan. Great 'Ulama and Masha'ikh hailed from his dignified tribe whose Mazars are still a centre of solace and spiritual enlightenment for the people both in Afghanistan and Hindustan. A separate detailed book can be written about these great dignitaries. However, an important point to note is that in the ancestry of AlaHadarat, there are Eight (8) Noble Prophets and One Exalted Sahabi. The Prophets Alaihim as-Salam are: 1) Sayyiduna Nabi Ya'qoob<br style="color: rgb(0, 102, 0); ">2) Sayyiduna Nabi Ishaq<br style="color: rgb(0, 102, 0); ">3) Khalilullah Sayyiduna Nabi Ibra'him<br style="color: rgb(0, 102, 0); ">4) Sayyiduna Nabi Hood<br style="color: rgb(0, 102, 0); ">5) Sayyiduna Nabi Nooh<br style="color: rgb(0, 102, 0); ">6) Sayyiduna Nabi Idris<br style="color: rgb(0, 102, 0); ">7) Sayyiduna Nabi Sheeth<br style="color: rgb(0, 102, 0); ">8) Sayyiduna Nabi Adam (Alaihim as-Salam) The one Sahabi is Sayyiduna Qais Malik 'Abdur-Rashid Sahabi Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu. He is the 43rd descendant of Afghana and 45th descendant of Hadrat Malikaloot. Qais bin 'Ays lived in the mountain of Ghour. In one of the Expeditions of Sayyiduna Khalid ibn Walid, he became interested in Islam. So he took some of the leaders of Afghanistan and went to Madinah al-Munawwara. They met the beloved Prophet of Allah SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam and immediately accepted Islam on his sacred hands. Sayyiduna Rasoolullah then said to him: "Qais is a Hebrew word and I am an Arab". The Prophet of Allah gave him the Islamic name 'Abdur-Rashid. The blessed Habib SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam further said: "You are the Awlad of Malik Taloot whom Allah blessed with the title of Malik (King). in the future you too will be remembered with the title of Malik". This is how he got the title of Malik from the office of Prophethood. It was in the Madinan period that the Beloved Nabi was planning for the conquest of Makkah Mukarrama and appointed Malik 'Abdur-Rashid and the other Afghani Sahabi as the lead of the secret service scouts of the army led by Sayyiduna Khalid ibn Walid Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu. The Afghani Mujahids displayed their astonishing bravery in the battle of Makkah. Sayyiduna Malik 'Abdur-Rashid himself killed 70 Kuffar in this battle (Refer to Akhbar al-Sanadid for details). His role and bravery in this war brought great joy to the heart of the Beloved Prophet SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam who predicted that a great family will emerge from the off-springs of this Sahabi. They will be steadfast on religion and will strengthen the Din of Islam like Bataan (conqueror with great bravery or Military Advisor). It was the effects of this Du'a of Sayyiduna Rasoolullah SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam that great 'Ulama and Masha'ikh were born in the lineage of Sayyiduna Malik 'Abdur-Rashid Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu. To name a few, some other stars in the firmament of excellence are: The great Mujaddid, AlaHadrat Imam Ahmad Rida al-Qadiri, His sons, Hujjat al-Islam Imam Hamid Rida al-Qadiri, Ghawth al-Zaman Mufti A'zam Imam Mustafa Rida al-Qadiri Noori and Taaj al-Shari'ah Mufti Muhammad Akhtar Rida al-Qadiri. Their services to the Deen is known to the Muslim World and precisely the manifestations of the Du'as of the Beloved Prophet of Allah SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam. Since the Beloved Nabi's Du'a for the Awlad of Sayyiduna Malik 'Abdur-Rashid was that they will strengthen the Deen and their strength will be like Bataan, from that day on he became famous by the title of "Bataan". This word Bataan in later days changed to the present day name "Pathaan". Eventually, the Awlad of Sayyiduna Malik 'Abdur-Rashidhen became synonymous by the word Pathaan. This is how the word Pathaan can into existence. Sayyiduna Malik 'Abdur-Rashid Radi Allahi Ta'ala Anhu married Mutahira, the daughter of Sayyiduna Khalid ibn Walid Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu, and he passed away at the age of 87 years. — — — Research by: Shaykh Abu Muhmmad Abd al-Hadi al-Qadiri Imam Ahmad Raza Academy, Durban, South Africa
  7. The Great Imaam and Mujaddid, Sayyiduna AlaHadrat Imam Ahmad Rida al-Qadiri (Radi Allahu Ta’ala Anhu) was only 4 years old when he completed the recitation of the Holy Qur'an. Due to the extraordinary intelligence bestowed upon him by Almighty ALLAH, AlaHadrat Radi Allahu Ta’ala Anhu completed his Islamic Education at the very young age of 13 years, 10 months and 5 days. The Illustrious Teachers of Imaam Ahmad Rida AlaHadrat (Radi Allahu Anhu) gained his basic knowledge at home. He later continued his studies under the guidance of certain noted teachers. He studied under his father, Hadrat Allama Mawlana Naqi Ali Khan (Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu). He completed his primary education by Janab Mirza Ghulam Qadir Baig, by whom he studied the book, "Mizaan-e-Munsha'ab." AlaHadrat (Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu) also studied under the guidance of the following luminous personalities: 1. Hadrat Mawlana Abdul Ali Rampuri (Radi Allahu Anhu)<br style="color: rgb(0, 102, 0); ">2. Shaykh al-Kabeer, Hadrat Allama Syed Shah Abul Hussain Ahmad Noori (Radi Allahu Anhu)<br style="color: rgb(0, 102, 0); ">3. Shaykh al-Tariqah, Hadrat Allama Shah Ale Rasool Mahrahrwi (Radi Allahu Anhu)<br style="color: rgb(0, 102, 0); ">4. Shaykh Ahmad bin Zain Dahlaan al-Makki (Radi Allahu Anhu)<br style="color: rgb(0, 102, 0); ">5. Shaykh Abdur Rahman Makki (Radi Allahu Anhu), and<br style="color: rgb(0, 102, 0); ">6. Shaykh Hussain bin Saleh Makki (Radi Allahu Anhu) AlaHadrat and the Ulama of Haramain When AlaHadrat went to perform his first HAJJ and Zyarah on the 26th of Shawwal 1295 A.H. (1876). He was only 20 years old at that time. One day, after completing his Hajj, he went to perform his Maghrib Salaah before the Maqaam-e-Ibrahim (Alaihis Salam). Having completed his Salaah, the Imam of the Shafi'ee order of Makkatul Mukarramah, Allama Hussain bin Saleh Kamaal (Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu), approached him. He clutched AlaHadrat (Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu) by his hand and led him to his house. The great Imam then placed his hand on the blessed forehead of AlaHadrat (Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu) and said: "Verily, I am observing the Noor of Almighty Allah on this forehead." Without hesitation, he blessed AlaHadrat (Radi Allahu Anhu) with the Sanad (Certificate) of Sihah Sitta (Six Compilers of Hadith: Bukhari, Muslim, Ibn Majah, Abu Dawood, Tirmizi and Nisa'i). He also began addressing AlaHadrat (Radi Allahu Anhu) by the title of "Dia al-Din" or "The Light or Splendour of Deen." The speciality of this Sanad is that it has only Eleven (11) levels to Imam Bukhari. AlaHadrat (Radi Allahu Anhu) was also blessed with the Asnaad (Certificates) of Hadees o Fiqah, Usool o Tafseer and etc. from the Mufti of the Hanafi order in Makkatul Mukarramah, Sayyiduna Allama Abdur Rahmaan Siraaj Hanafi and Mufti of the Shafi'ee order in Makkatul Mukarramah, Mufti Shaykh Sayyad Ahmad Dahlaan Shafi'ee (Radi Allahu Anhuma). When he went for his Second Hajj in 1323/1905, he stayed for three months in the Holy Land and constantly searched for anyone who had higher-ranking Sanad of Hadith then His Sanad of Hadith. He wanted to take it from him and elevate His existing Sanad of Hadith. But Alhamdulillah! His Sanad was the highest and everyone took Sanads from him. Shaykh Abd al-Rahmaan Dah’laan, the youngest son of Shaykh Ahmed Dah’laan and his elder brother, Shaykh Asad Dah’laan (Qaadi of Makkah at that time) both took Sanad of Hadith from him too. And Shaikh Saaleh Kamal, the most Knowledgable Scholar of Makkah at that time, though he was a senior Aalim, but he insisted in taking Sanad-e-Hadith and other Ijazah from AlaHadrat. AlaHadrat tried to evade this for a few days in respect but it was in vain. Shaikh Saaleh Kamal constantly insisted and forced AlaHadrat to issue them to him. The Ulama of Arab who praised Imam Ahmad Rida Following is the list of some of the Giants and Celebrated ‘Ulama and Imams of the Arab World who highly praised Imam Ahmad Rida and acknowledged his books and teaching as strictly in accordance to the Shariah and the tenants of the Ahlus-Sunnah wa Jama‘ah: 1. Shaykh Muhammad Sa’eed bin Muhammad Salam Ba Busail<br style="color: rgb(0, 102, 0); ">2. Shaykh Ahmad bin Abdullah Abu al Khair Mirdad<br style="color: rgb(0, 102, 0); ">3. Shaykh Muhammad Saleh bin Sadiq Kamal<br style="color: rgb(0, 102, 0); ">4. Shaykh ‘Ali bin Sadiq Kamal<br style="color: rgb(0, 102, 0); ">5. Maulana Shah Muhammad Abdul Haq Alahabadi Muhajar Makki<br style="color: rgb(0, 102, 0); ">6. Shaykh Sayyid Muhammad Marzooqi Abu-Hussain bin Abdur Rehman Hussaini<br style="color: rgb(0, 102, 0); ">7. Shaykh Umer bin abuBakr ba Junaid<br style="color: rgb(0, 102, 0); ">8. Shaykh Muhammad ‘Abid bin Husain Maliki<br style="color: rgb(0, 102, 0); ">9. Shaykh Muhammad ‘Ali bin Hussain Maliki<br style="color: rgb(0, 102, 0); ">10. Shaykh Muhammad Jamal bin Muhammad Amir bin Hussain Maliki<br style="color: rgb(0, 102, 0); ">11. Shaykh As’ad bin Ahmad Dahlaan<br style="color: rgb(0, 102, 0); ">12. Shaykh Abdur Rehman bin Ahmad Dahlaan<br style="color: rgb(0, 102, 0); ">13. Maulana Ahmad bin Muhammad Ziaudin Bengali Qadri Chishti<br style="color: rgb(0, 102, 0); ">14. Shaykh Muhammad bin Yusaf Khiat<br style="color: rgb(0, 102, 0); ">15. Shaykh Muhammad Saleh bin Muhammad ba Fazl<br style="color: rgb(0, 102, 0); ">16. Shaykh Abdulkarim bin Hamza Daghastani Hashmi Naji<br style="color: rgb(0, 102, 0); ">17. Shaykh Muhammad Sa’id bin Muhammad Yamani<br style="color: rgb(0, 102, 0); ">18. Shaykh Muhammad Hamid bin Ahmad bin ‘Auz Jadawi<br style="color: rgb(0, 102, 0); ">19. Shaykh Uthman bin Abdus Salam Daghastani<br style="color: rgb(0, 102, 0); ">20. Shaykh Sayyid Muhammad Sa’eed bin Muhammad Maghrabi<br style="color: rgb(0, 102, 0); ">21. Shaykh Muhammad bin Ahmad Umeri Wasti<br style="color: rgb(0, 102, 0); ">22. Shaykh Sayyid Abbas bin Muhammad Ridwan<br style="color: rgb(0, 102, 0); ">23. Shaykh Umer bin Hamdan Mahrasi<br style="color: rgb(0, 102, 0); ">24. Shaykh Sayyid Ahmad bin Isma‘il Barzanji<br style="color: rgb(0, 102, 0); ">25. Shaykh Abdul Qadir Taufiq Shalabi<br style="color: rgb(0, 102, 0); ">26. Shaykh Sayyid Isma‘il bin Khalil<br style="color: rgb(0, 102, 0); ">27. Shaykh Muhammad Yusuf Afghani<br style="color: rgb(0, 102, 0); ">28. Shaykh Muhammad Tajuddin bin Mustafa Ilyas<br style="color: rgb(0, 102, 0); ">29. Shaykh Sayyid Ahmad al Jazairi<br style="color: rgb(0, 102, 0); ">30. Shaykh Khalil bin Ibrahim Kharbuti<br style="color: rgb(0, 102, 0); ">31. Shaykh Sayyid Muhammad bin Muhammad Habib Didawi<br style="color: rgb(0, 102, 0); ">32. Shaykh Muhammad bin Muhammad Sosi Khiari<br style="color: rgb(0, 102, 0); ">33. Shaykh Muhammad Uzayr Wazir [Alaihim ar-raHma wa ar-Ridwan] Branches of Knowledge Imam Ahmad Rida studied under various teachers but with personal study, he perfected himself in more than 54 different disciplines of knowledge. The following 21 branches of Knowledge he learnt from his father:- 1. Ilm-al-Quran (Knowledge of the Quran)<br style="color: rgb(0, 0, 153); ">2. Ilm-al-Hadith (Knowledge of Traditions)<br style="color: rgb(0, 0, 153); ">3. Usul-e-Hadith (Principle of Traditions)<br style="color: rgb(0, 0, 153); ">4. Fiqh-e-Hanafi (Hanfi Jurisprudence)<br style="color: rgb(0, 0, 153); ">5. Kutub-e-Fiqh Jumla (All Books of Jurisprudence)<br style="color: rgb(0, 0, 153); ">6. Usul-e-Fiqh (Principle of Jurisprudence)<br style="color: rgb(0, 0, 153); ">7. Jadl-e-Muhazab.<br style="color: rgb(0, 0, 153); ">8. Ilm-e-Tafseer (Knowledge of Exegesis of the Holy Quran)<br style="color: rgb(0, 0, 153); ">9. Ilm-al Kalam (Scholastic theology)<br style="color: rgb(0, 0, 153); ">10. Ilm-e-Nahav (Syntax)<br style="color: rgb(0, 0, 153); ">11. Ilm-e-Sarf (Grammar, Accidence and Etymology)<br style="color: rgb(0, 0, 153); ">12. Ilm-e-Maani (Elocution)<br style="color: rgb(0, 0, 153); ">13. Ilm-e-Badi (Style)<br style="color: rgb(0, 0, 153); ">14. Ilm-e-Bayan (Rhetoric)<br style="color: rgb(0, 0, 153); ">15. Ilm-e-Mantique (Logic)<br style="color: rgb(0, 0, 153); ">16. Ilm-e-Munazara (Dialectic)<br style="color: rgb(0, 0, 153); ">17. Ilm-e-Takseer (Carrying figures)<br style="color: rgb(0, 0, 153); ">18. Ilm-e-Falsafa (Philosophy)<br style="color: rgb(0, 0, 153); ">19. Ilm-e-Hay’at (Astronomy)<br style="color: rgb(0, 0, 153); ">20. Ilm-e-Hisab (Arithmetic)<br style="color: rgb(0, 0, 153); ">21. Ilm-e-Hindasa (Geometry) Following are the 10 disciplines of knowledge, which AlaHadrat haven't studied under any teacher but he had the Ijazat in these from discerning Ulama and He use to give Ijaza in these disciplines too. 22. Qirat (Recitation of the Quran)<br style="color: rgb(0, 0, 153); ">23. Tajwid (Knowledge of Right pronunciation of the Quran.<br style="color: rgb(0, 0, 153); ">24. Tasauwuf (Mysticism)<br style="color: rgb(0, 0, 153); ">25. Suluk (Knowledge of manner in mystic)<br style="color: rgb(0, 0, 153); ">26. Akhlaque (Ethics)<br style="color: rgb(0, 0, 153); ">27. Asma-ul-Rajaal (Encyclopaedia of Narrators of Traditions)<br style="color: rgb(0, 0, 153); ">28. Siyar (Biography)<br style="color: rgb(0, 0, 153); ">29. Tawarikh (Chronology)<br style="color: rgb(0, 0, 153); ">30. Loghat (Lexicon)<br style="color: rgb(0, 0, 153); ">31. Adab-Ma-Jumla Funoon (Literature with all Arts) Following are the 14 disciplines of Knowledge that Imam Ahmad Rida haven't learnt by any teachers:- 32. Arsamatiqi (Arithmetic)<br style="color: rgb(0, 0, 153); ">33. Jabr-o-Muqabilah (Algebra)<br style="color: rgb(0, 0, 153); ">34. Ilm-e-Tauqeet (Timings)<br style="color: rgb(0, 0, 153); ">35. Logharsimat (Logarithms)<br style="color: rgb(0, 0, 153); ">36. Hisab-e-Satini<br style="color: rgb(0, 0, 153); ">37. Manazir-o-Maraya (sense & sight)<br style="color: rgb(0, 0, 153); ">38. Ilm-ul-Ukur (spheres)<br style="color: rgb(0, 0, 153); ">39. Zijaat (Astronomical tables)<br style="color: rgb(0, 0, 153); ">40. Muthallath Kurvi (Spherical Trigonometry)<br style="color: rgb(0, 0, 153); ">41. Muthallath Musattah (Plane Trigonometry)<br style="color: rgb(0, 0, 153); ">42. Haiyate Jadeedah (Modern Astronomy)<br style="color: rgb(0, 0, 153); ">43. Jafr (Numerology & literology)<br style="color: rgb(0, 0, 153); ">44. Murabba'at (Quadrangular)<br style="color: rgb(0, 0, 153); ">45. Za'icha (Horoscopes)<br style="color: rgb(0, 0, 153); "> Following are the 10 branches of learning that he has received by the Heavenly Blessing inspired directly into his heart: 46. Nazm-e-Arabi (Arabic Poetry)<br style="color: rgb(0, 0, 153); ">47. Nazm-e-Farsi (Persian Poetry)<br style="color: rgb(0, 0, 153); ">48. Nazm-e-Hindi (Hindi Poetry)<br style="color: rgb(0, 0, 153); ">49. Nathr-e-Urdu (Urdu Prose)<br style="color: rgb(0, 0, 153); ">50. Nathre-Farsi (Persian Prose)<br style="color: rgb(0, 0, 153); ">51. Nathre Arabi (Arabic Prose)<br style="color: rgb(0, 0, 153); ">52. Khat-e-Naskh (Arabic Calligraphy)<br style="color: rgb(0, 0, 153); ">53. Khat-e-Nastalique (Persian Calligraphy)<br style="color: rgb(0, 0, 153); ">54. Tilawat ma'a Tajwid (Recitation of the Holy Quran with right pronunciation)<br style="color: rgb(0, 0, 153); ">55. Ilm-e-Meeras (Knowledge of Inheritance) Note:- Sayyidi AlaHadrat learnt Ilm-e-Takseer and Ilm-e-Jafr from Hadrat Abul Hussain Ahmed-e-Noori too but it was just to an extant not in depth as such. The branches of knowledge of Imam Ahmad Rida, are more than 60. Here they are arranged according to the syllabus of Jamias & Universities written as under :- 1. Jurisprudence<br style="color: rgb(0, 0, 153); ">2. Principle of Jurisprudence.<br style="color: rgb(0, 0, 153); ">3. Lexicon of jurisprudence<br style="color: rgb(0, 0, 153); ">4. Hadith<br style="color: rgb(0, 0, 153); ">5. Priciple of Hadith<br style="color: rgb(0, 0, 153); ">7. Encyclopaedia of Hadith<br style="color: rgb(0, 0, 153); ">7. Critical examination of Hadith.<br style="color: rgb(0, 0, 153); ">8. Exegesis<br style="color: rgb(0, 0, 153); ">9. Principle of Exegesis.<br style="color: rgb(0, 0, 153); ">10. Scholastic theology<br style="color: rgb(0, 0, 153); ">11. Islameology<br style="color: rgb(0, 0, 153); ">12. Recitation of the Quran with right pronunciation.<br style="color: rgb(0, 0, 153); ">13. Knowledge of the Quran & art of its translation<br style="color: rgb(0, 0, 153); ">14. Dialectic.<br style="color: rgb(0, 0, 153); ">15. Syntax & Etymology<br style="color: rgb(0, 0, 153); ">16. Rhetoric and style & elocution<br style="color: rgb(0, 0, 153); ">17. Linguistic and lexicon<br style="color: rgb(0, 0, 153); ">18. Phonetic<br style="color: rgb(0, 0, 153); ">19. Urdu prose<br style="color: rgb(0, 0, 153); ">20. Arabic Prose<br style="color: rgb(0, 0, 153); ">21. Persian Prose<br style="color: rgb(0, 0, 153); ">22. Arabic poetry<br style="color: rgb(0, 0, 153); ">23. Persian Poetry<br style="color: rgb(0, 0, 153); ">24. Urdu poetry<br style="color: rgb(0, 0, 153); ">25. Hindi poetry.<br style="color: rgb(0, 0, 153); ">26. Explanation, criticism & appreciation<br style="color: rgb(0, 0, 153); ">27. Prosody<br style="color: rgb(0, 0, 153); ">28. Mysticism<br style="color: rgb(0, 0, 153); ">29. Metaphysics<br style="color: rgb(0, 0, 153); ">30. Incantation & Invocation<br style="color: rgb(0, 0, 153); ">31. Jafr (Literology & Numerology)<br style="color: rgb(0, 0, 153); ">32. Carrying the figures (Takseer)<br style="color: rgb(0, 0, 153); ">33. Ethics<br style="color: rgb(0, 0, 153); ">34. Logic<br style="color: rgb(0, 0, 153); ">35. Philosophy<br style="color: rgb(0, 0, 153); ">36. Psychology<br style="color: rgb(0, 0, 153); ">37. Chronology & Biography<br style="color: rgb(0, 0, 153); ">38. Sociology<br style="color: rgb(0, 0, 153); ">39. Economics<br style="color: rgb(0, 0, 153); ">40. Education<br style="color: rgb(0, 0, 153); ">41. Political Science<br style="color: rgb(0, 0, 153); ">42. Commerce<br style="color: rgb(0, 0, 153); ">43. Banking<br style="color: rgb(0, 0, 153); ">44. Arithmetic & Computation<br style="color: rgb(0, 0, 153); ">45. Algebra (Factorization, equation of any degree, exponential series, Binomial theorem, set theory, Topology, Tensorial algebra)<br style="color: rgb(0, 0, 153); ">46. Plane Trigonometry Euclidean logarithms<br style="color: rgb(0, 0, 153); ">47. Spherical Trigonometry.<br style="color: rgb(0, 0, 153); ">48. Euclidean Geometry<br style="color: rgb(0, 0, 153); ">49. Coordinate Geometry<br style="color: rgb(0, 0, 153); ">50. Timings<br style="color: rgb(0, 0, 153); ">51. Horoscopes<br style="color: rgb(0, 0, 153); ">52. Astronomy & Astronomical Tables<br style="color: rgb(0, 0, 153); ">53. Hisab e Satini<br style="color: rgb(0, 0, 153); ">54. Statistics<br style="color: rgb(0, 0, 153); ">55. Dynamics<br style="color: rgb(0, 0, 153); ">56. Statics<br style="color: rgb(0, 0, 153); ">57. Hydro Dynamics<br style="color: rgb(0, 0, 153); ">58. Hydrostatics<br style="color: rgb(0, 0, 153); ">59. Zoology<br style="color: rgb(0, 0, 153); ">60. Botany<br style="color: rgb(0, 0, 153); ">61. Geology<br style="color: rgb(0, 0, 153); ">62. Geography<br style="color: rgb(0, 0, 153); ">63. Horticultise<br style="color: rgb(0, 0, 153); ">64. Unani medicine<br style="color: rgb(0, 0, 153); ">65. Physiology<br style="color: rgb(0, 0, 153); ">66. Inorganic chemistry<br style="color: rgb(0, 0, 153); ">67. Organic chemistry<br style="color: rgb(0, 0, 153); ">68. Physical chemistry<br style="color: rgb(0, 0, 153); ">69. Biochemistry etc. — — — Courtesy: Imam Ahmad Raza Academy Durban, South Africa | www.raza.org.za
  8. Umm al-Mu'mineen Hadrat Sayyidah Juwairiyah bint al-Harith Radi Allahu Anha Sayyidah Juwairiyah bint Harith, may Allah be pleased with her, was a very charming, sweet and very beautiful lady. All who saw Sayyidah Juwairiyah (Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anha) were stunned by her exceptional beauty. Brought up as she had been in one of the foremost families of the time, she was not only beautiful but graceful, elegant and eloquent. Anyone who saw her could not help being captivated by her charm and pleasant demeanour. Her father was Harith ibn Abi Dirar, who was the chief of the Banu Mustaliq. When Sayyidah Ayesha (Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anha) first saw Sayyidah Juwairiyah (Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anha) she exclaimed that she was as beautiful as a fairy.<br style="font-family: georgia, serif; "><br style="font-family: georgia, serif; ">She married the beloved Prophet (Peace and Blessings of Allah be upon Him) in Sha'baan 5 A.H., when the beloved Prophet SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam was fifty-eight years old and she was twenty, not long after his marriage to Sayyidah Zainab bint Jahash. Before then she was married to Musaafi’ bin Safwaan who was not a Muslim and was killed in the very battle wherein she was captured.<br style="font-family: georgia, serif; "><br style="font-family: georgia, serif; ">Before her marriage to the Prophet (SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam) her name was Barrah, but beloved Prophet SallAllahu Alaihi wa Sallam changed it to Juwairiyah. Sayyidah Zainab bint Jahash, Zainab bint Umm Salamah and Maimoonah bint Harith Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhunna were also named Barrah, but the beloved Prophet SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam changed their names as well. <br style="font-family: georgia, serif; "> Marriage of Sayyidah Juwairiyah bint Harith (Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anha):<br style="font-family: georgia, serif; "><br style="font-family: georgia, serif; ">News reached the Prophet (SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam) on Sha‘ban 2nd to the effect that the chief of Bani Al-Mustaliq, Al-Harith bin Dirar had mobilised his men, along with some Arabs, to attack Madinah al-Munawwarah. Buraidah bin al-Haseeb al-Aslami was immediately despatched to verify the reports. He had some words with Abi Dirar, who confirmed his intention of war. He later sent a reconnoiterer to explore the positions of the Muslims but he was captured and killed. The Prophet (SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam) summoned his men and ordered them to prepare for war. Before leaving, Sayyiduna Zaid bin Harith was mandated to see to the affairs of Madinah al-Munawwarah and dispose them. On hearing the advent of the Muslims, the disbelievers got frightened and the Arabs who were with them defected and ran away for their lives. Sayyiduna Abu Bakr as-Siddiq Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu was entrusted with the banner of the Emigrants, and that of the Helpers went to Sa‘d bin ‘Ubada. The two armies were stationed at a well called Muraisi. Arrow shooting went on for an hour, and then the Muslims rushed and engaged with the enemy in a battle that ended in full victory for the Muslims. Some men were killed, women and children of the disbelievers taken as captives, and a lot of booty fell to the lot of the Muslims. Only one Muslim was martyr by mistake by a Helper. Amongst the captives was Sayyidah Juwairiyah, daughter of Al-Harith, chief of the disbelievers.<br style="font-family: georgia, serif; "><br style="font-family: georgia, serif; ">It is written that after this battle the prisoners were distributed among the soldiers, and Juwairiyah (Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anha) fell to the lot of Thaabit bin Qais (or his cousin, according to some reports). Her father took along a number of camels as ransom for his daughter, hoping to buy her freedom. As he was on his way to Sayyiduna Rasoolullah (SallAllahu Alaihi wa Sallam), he decided to keep back two camels that he liked. So he hide the two camels in a valley just outside Madina Munawwarah and continued with the rest. When he arrived in the presence of Sayyiduna Rasoolullah (SallAllahu Alaihi wa Sallam) he presented the camels and asked that these be accepted in lieu of his daughter’s freedom. The Messenger of Allah (SallAllahu Alaihi wa Sallam) asked him: “And what about the two camels you hid in the valley?!?!” Haarith was totally flabbergasted. Immediately he uttered the Shahaadha and entered Islam, admitting that none besides Allah could have given information to the Messenger about these camels.<br style="font-family: georgia, serif; "><br style="font-family: georgia, serif; ">Meanwhile, Sayyidah Juwairiayh had made an agreement with her new master Thaabit to pay for her freedom. This was the famous Mukaatabat Contract in Islam in terms of which slaves could work and buy their freedom for a fixed sum of money. However, Juwairyah had no intention of working for her freedom. She had a better idea. She asked to see Rasoolullah (SallAllahu Alaihi wa Sallam).<br style="font-family: georgia, serif; "><br style="font-family: georgia, serif; ">In fact, she demanded to see the Prophet Muhammad, with the intention of asking him to help her with the ransom money. At that time The Messenger of Allah was in the house of Sayyidah Ayesha (Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anha). She was permitted to see the Prophet (Peace and Blessings of Allah be upon Him) and was taken to him while he was with Sayyidah A'isha. After she had finished speaking, the Prophet thought for a moment, and then said, "Shall I tell you what would be better than this?" She said, “And what is that Our Messenger of Allah?” He replied: “I pay your freedom money, and you marry me.”<br style="font-family: georgia, serif; "><br style="font-family: georgia, serif; ">Moved deeply by this unexpected elevation in her status, she exclaimed she would be more than happy to accept. She was freed, and swearing allegiance to Islam, she married the beloved Prophet (SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam). Although Juwairiyah was young and beautiful and of noble lineage, the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) was thinking of how to save her and all her tribe from an ignoble fate. By marrying Sayyidah Juwairiyah, the Banu Mustaliq would be able to enter Islam with honor, and with the humiliation of their recent defeat removed, so that it would no longer be felt necessary by them to embark on a war of vengeance that would have continued until one of the two parties had been annihilated. As soon as the marriage was announced, all the booty that had been taken from the Banu Mustaliq was returned, and all the captives were set free, for they were now the in laws of the Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him). This is when Sayyidah A'isha said of Sayyidah Juwairiyah, "I know of no woman who was more of a blessing to her people than Juwairiyah bint al-Harith."<br style="font-family: georgia, serif; "> <br style="font-family: georgia, serif; "> Virtues of Sayyidah Juwairiyah (Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anha):<br style="font-family: georgia, serif; "><br style="font-family: georgia, serif; ">Most of the time she would be found engrossed in prayer. It has been related by Juwairiyah that early one morning the Messenger (SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam) left her room while she was doing the dawn prayer. He returned later that morning and she was still sitting in the same place. "have you been sitting in the same place since I left you?" he asked. "Yes," she replied. Whereupon the Prophet (SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam) said, "I recited four phrases three times after I left you, and if these were to be weighed against what you have been reciting since dawn, they would still outweigh them. They are:<br style="font-family: georgia, serif; "><br style="font-family: georgia, serif; "> سبحان الله وبحمده عدد خلقه ورضا نفسه وزنة عرشه ومداد كلماته<br style="font-family: georgia, serif; ">'Glory be to Allah and Praise be to Him as much as the number of his creations, and His pleasure, and the weight of His Throne, and the ink of His words.'" [sahih Muslim, Kitab Al-Dhikr, Hadith 6575]<br style="font-family: georgia, serif; "> <br style="font-family: georgia, serif; ">Which reminds us of the following verse of the Holy Qur'an:<br style="font-family: georgia, serif; "><br style="font-family: georgia, serif; "> قل لو كان البحر مدادا لكلمات ربي لنفد البحر قبل ان تنفد كلمات ربي ولو جئنا بمثله مددا<br style="font-family: georgia, serif; ">"Proclaim, 'If the sea became ink for the Words of my Lord, the sea would indeed be used up and the Words of my Lord would never - even if we bring another like it for help.'"[surah al-Kahf, Verse 109]<br style="font-family: georgia, serif; "> <br style="font-family: georgia, serif; ">Her Demise:<br style="font-family: georgia, serif; "><br style="font-family: georgia, serif; ">Sayyidah Juwairiyah was married to the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) for six years, and lived for another thirty-nine years after his demise. She passed away at the age of sixty-five in Safar in the year 50th after Hijrah during the caliphate of Sayyiduna Mu’awiyah bin Abi Sufyan. The governor of Al-Madinah, Marwan bin Hakam led the funeral prayer and she was buried in Jannat al-Baqi.<br style="font-family: georgia, serif; "> <br style="font-family: georgia, serif; "> يا ايتها النفس المطمئنة ارجعي الى ربك راضية مرضية فادخلي في عبادي وادخلي جنتي<br style="font-family: georgia, serif; ">O the contented soul! Return towards your Lord – you being pleased with Him, and He pleased with you! Then enter the ranks of My chosen bondmen! And come into My Paradise! [surah al-Fajr, Verses 27-30]
  9. Long after Hazrat Moosa (Alaihis Salaam), a Nabi came towards the Bani Isra’eel. His name was Nabi Shamwa’il (Alaihis Salaam). He commanded the Bani Isra’eel to make Jihad in the way of Allah. They said that before they went into Jihad, he should appoint a King over them. He then said, “Verily Allah has sent Taloot as your King.” [surah 2, Verse 247] Since the Bani Isra’eel were always not straight forward, they began to say that Taloot was a peasant and how could he be made the King. Why did the Prophet not appoint one of the wealthy amongst them as the King? He (Alaihis Salaam) replied that in knowledge, intelligence and physical abilities, Allah has made Taloot better than all of them. Amongst them, Taloot is the most learned, the best strategist, he has the best physical ability and is the most handsome amongst all of them. If a King is with absolutely no abilities, then how will he have any control and authority? He mentioned that in every way, he was best as King for them. He was the true King and Allah has made him King. These people then asked that he give them proof. How crooked were the Bani Isra’eel! A Nabi is telling them that Allah has made him the King, but they are not prepared to accept the word of a Nabi as sufficient evidence. They still continued to ask for some other proof, so Hazrat Shamwa’il (Alaihis Salaam) said, “The sign of his kingship is that there would come to you an ark in which there is tranquility of hearts from your Lord, and there are something left of the relics of the respectable Moosa and the respectable Haroon, the angels raising it would bring. No doubt, in it there is a great sign for you if you believe.” [surah 2, Verse 248] In other words, the proof that he is King is that amongst them, in their gathering a wooden chest (trunk) will be brought forth and kept between them. A trunk will appear between them and in it will be the treasures of Allah’s Mercy; the relics (Tabarukaat) of Hazrat Moosa (Alaihis Salaam) and Hazrat Haroon (Alaihis Salaam) and this Chest will be brought forth, carried by the Angels on their heads. Hazrat Abdullah ibn Abbas (Radiallahu Ta’ala Anh) says that when the Taboot-e- Sakeena (The Sacred Chest) arrived, then with it came the treasures of Mercy, and even the sacred relics of Hazrat Moosa (Alaihis Salaam) and Hazrat Haroon (Alaihis Salaam) were present inside it. In it was the Naalain (Sacred Footwear) of Hazrat Moosa (Alaihis Salaam), the Amaama (Sacred Turban) of Hazrat Haroon (Alaihis Salaam) and also a tablet with the Tauraat (in other words Allah’s Kalaam), inscribed. Subhaanallah! The Angels are bringing forth the Sacred Chest by carrying it on their heads. The Tauraat is on their heads, the Naalain of Hazrat Moosa (Alaihis Salaam) is on their heads, the Amaama of Hazrat Haroon (Alaihis Salaam) is on their heads, and Almighty Allah is saying, that this Chest is the treasure of Mercy. Hazrat Shamwa’il (Alaihis Salaam) is now sitting with many people in a circle, when all of a sudden the Angels descend with the Sacred Chest. When it was opened, the relics were revealed. All of them accepted wholeheartedly, that Taloot is the King. Hazrat Shamwa’il (Alaihis Salaam) then said, “O Taloot! Jaloot has caused much tyranny. First you must prepare for Jihad. Prepare an army and attack Jaloot. Hazrat Shamwa’il (Alaihis Salaam) mentioned that he too would accompany them and the Sacred Chest will also be taken with. On the command of Hazrat Shamwa’il (Alaihis Salaam), Taloot prepared the army and many soldiers marched for battle. He then said that on the way to the battle they will come across a river. Allah will test them by means of that river. There will be a very hot wind blowing and they will all feel immense thirst. On seeing the river, they should not drink too much of the water. Whosoever drinks too much will become a traitor, except for that person who drinks a handful then this is that which is permitted. [surah 2, Verse 249] In other words they are only allowed that amount of water and nothing more. Even in that era, there were those who held the false Aqeeda (belief) that a Nabi is not aware of that which is happening behind a wall (hidden things). Such people thought, that even thought it was the command of a Nabi, there was no harm in drinking a stomach full (as they felt the Nabi could not see them). Some of them drank a vessel full whilst others drank half a vessel. Whosoever drank more than a handful, fell down and slumped right there. When they were told to march towards the battlefield, they replied by saying that they had no strength to go any further, but there were those amongst them who had fear for Allah and true Imaan. They were saying that our Nabi is looking at us (he is aware of our condition). It is his command that we should each not drink more than a handful, so we shall not drink more than that and they say that with only that amount of water, their thirst was quenched completely and their bodies gained such agility that they passed through the river very swiftly, whilst the rest where slumped over on the other side of the river. Hazrat Bara’ ibn Aazib (Radiallahu Ta’ala Anh) says, “It is said that on this side of the river there came three hundred and thirteen (313) people with Taloot, in other words equivalent to the amount of the Sahaabah of Badr. It is mentioned that when the armies of both sides faced each other, then it was seen that the three hundred and thirteen soldiers who were with Taloot did not even have the necessary weapons to do battle, whereas on the other side Jaloot was amongst thousands of his soldiers, all armed with bows and arrows and spears etc. Jaloot himself was like a huge metal pillar, fully covered in armour. When he walked, the ground would begin to tremble.” [bukhari Shareef ] A thin, weak looking soldier came to face him. He said, “O Jaloot, Traitor to Allah! Fear Allah!” He laughed aloud at him and said, “Go away, I am able to squash small ones like you under my feet. You will be totally crushed by me. How will you ever be able to challenge me?” He answered, “Such arrogance! Here, let me attack! You protect yourself!” The thin weak looking soldier picked up a stone from the ground. He took his sling and tied a knot in it and then placed the stone firmly inside. He then aimed and launched the stone at him, directly striking him on his forehead. The stone tore through his forehead, penetrating the brain and exiting on the other side. Who was that thin, weak looking soldier? The Holy Qur’an says, “And Dawood slew Jaloot.” [surah 2, Verse 251] It was Hazrat Dawood (Alaihis Salaam). When he struck Jaloot with the stone, Jaloot fell to the ground like a tree, and went straight to the fire of hell. Then, through the Will of Allah, those few soldiers defeated the entire army of Jaloot. How it happened was that, Taloot noticed that the enemy had come in their thousands, so he became restless, thinking how they would be able to face the army of the enemy. He said to Nabi Shamwa’il (Alaihis Salaam), “O Nabi of Allah! How will my hungry, thirsty army fight against such a powerful army?” He said, “O Taloot! Do not fear; prepare for the battle and announce this, that whosoever kills Jaloot will receive half the power of Governance (of the Kingdom).” He said, “You attack the enemy and this Taboot-e-Sakeena will be of assistance to you in difficulty. This is the actual need. I will make Dua through its Waseela.” After this, Hazrat Shamwa’il (Alaihis Salaam) commanded an offensive against the enemy and he also placed the Taboot-e-Sakeena forward and he asked Almighty Allah, “O Allah! Through the Blessings of those relics which are in this Chest, allow the flag of truth to fly high.” Here the Dua is being made and on the battlefield, the stone of Hazrat Dawood (Alaihis Salaam) strikes the forehead of Jaloot. Jaloot falls dead to the ground and those on the true path attain victory. Now do you understand how much Blessings are kept in Tabarrukaat (Sacred Relics)? Those who say that it is Shirk to request help through the Waseela of Sacred Relics, are they implying that the Nabi of Allah has committed Shirk?! Ma’azallah! If a Nabi of Allah can use the Sacred Relics of Hazrat Moosa and Hazrat Haroon (Alaihimus Salaam) as a Waseela then undoubtedly we can use those Sacred Relics that are linked to the leader of the Ambiya, our Master Muhammad Mustafa (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam). May Allah Ta’ala grant us the Taufeeq to always be at the feet of His Beloved Servants and to respect and revere their Sacred Relics, Ameen.
  10. Sayyid al-Sajjad Imam Abu al-Hasan Ali Zain al-'Aabideen Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anho Sayyiduna Abu al-Hasan Ali, Imam Zain al-'Abideen is the fourth Imam and Shaykh of the Silsila Aaliyah Qaadiriyah Barakaatiyah Razviyah Nooriyah. He was one of the greatest Aabids of his era. Imam Zuhri (Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anho) says, (In my era) I have not seen any Quraysh more excellent than Imam Zain al-'Abideen (Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anho). Hadrat Ibn Abbas (Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anho) used to look at Imam Zain al-'Abideen (Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anho) and refer to him as the Beloved of the Beloved. BIRTH: He was born on a Thursday the 5th of Shabaan 38 Hijri in Madinah Munawwarah. [Masaalik as-Saalikeen, Vol. 1, Page 207] NAME: Hadrat Imam Hussain kept most of his children names attached to the name Ali. This was due to his love for his father Sayyiduna Ali (Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anho). He was thus also named Ali. He was also known as Abu Muhammad, Abul Hassan, Abul Qaasim and Abu Bakr. His titles were Sajjad, Zain al-'Aabideen, Sayyidul Abideen, Zakki and etc. EDUCATION: He spent two years with his grandfather Sayyiduna Ali (Radi ALLAHu Ta'ala Anho), ten years with his uncle Sayyiduna Imam Hasan (Radi ALLAHu Ta'ala Anho) and eleven years with his father, Hadrat Imam Hussain (Radi ALLAHu Ta'ala Anho). BLESSED MOTHER: His mother was known as Umm-e-Wulad, and was also known as Shahar Banu Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anha. She was very pious and Allah fearing. HIS FEATURES: He was the image of his grandfather Sayyiduna Ali (Radi ALLAHu Ta'ala Anho). He was tan in complexion and not very tall. He had a full beard on which he used henna (mehndi). PREDICTIONS OF HIS BIRTH: Hadrat Jaabir (Radi ALLAHu Ta'ala Anho) says, I was in the blessed court of the Prophet (Sallallaho Alaihi wa Aalihi wa Sallam) and Imam Hussain (Radi ALLAHu Ta'ala Anho) was in the blessed arms of the Prophet (Sallallaho Alaihi wa Aalihi wa Sallam). The Prophet (Sallallaho Alaihi wa Aalihi wa Sallam) said, O Jaabir (Radi ALLAHu Ta'ala Anho)! A son shall be born to him, whose name shall be Ali. Then he will have a child, whose name shall be Muhammad (Imam Baaqir). O Jaabir! If you meet with him, then you should pass my salaams to him. HIS CHARACTER: Hadrat Imam Zain al-'Abideen (Radi ALLAHu Ta'ala Anho) was blessed with beautiful character, which he definitely inherited from his illustrious forefathers. He was very eloquent and very respectful. He was always willing to assist those in need. Umar Abu Nasr writes that Imam Zain al-'Abideen (Radi ALLAHu Ta'ala Anho) purchased various slaves, and then set them free. He would be kind even to those who were his personal enemies. Once he heard that there was a certain person who always spoke ill of him. Hadrat Imam Zain al-'Abideen (Radi ALLAHu Ta'ala Anho) went to him and treated him with such respect and kindness, that he repented from his bad behaviour and affiliated himself to the great Imam. Many great poets have written numerous Qasidas in praise of his kindness and generosity. [Masaalik as-Saalikeen, Vol. 1, Page 208] HIS EXCELLENCE: Abu Haazim says, I have not seen any Jurist more exalted than him. Zahbi and Ainiyah have said, We have not seen any Quraish more exalted than him. Hadrat Imam Maalik (Radi ALLAHu Ta'ala Anho) says, He is from the Men of Excellence Ibn Abi Shaiba says, In Hadith, the most exalted chain of transmission is that which is narrated from Imam Zain al-'Abideen, (Radi ALLAHu Ta'ala Anho) where he narrates from his father Imam Hussain (Radi ALLAHu Ta'ala Anho). [Masaalik as-Saalikeen] Hadrat Imam Zain al-'Abideen (Radi ALLAHu Ta'ala Anho) was always prepared to sacrifice everything he had for Islam. He sacrificed all his wealth twice for Islam. He was a very generous person. He used to discreetly send money to the poor people living in Madinah Shareef and none of them knew that the money was coming from him. The only time this became known to them, was after his wisaal. [Tarikh al-Khulafa] Masjid wa Maqam Sayyaduna Imam Zain al-'Abideen in Egypt HIS PATIENCE : He was a person with great patience. After the Battle of Karbala, HE was marched to Damascus in chains and in the time of Abdul Malik bin Marwan , he was arrested and chained. He was then forced to walk from Madinah to Syria in chains. With all this, he never complained or said one word about his condition in the Court of Allah . He instead remained patient and made Shukr (thanked Allah ) on every step. Imam Zain al-'Abideen's most loyal student Sayyiduna Imam Zuhri could not bear to see the Imam in this condition, so he went to Abdul Malik bin Marwaan, and had the great Imam released. He then took him back to Madinah Shareef with great respect. [Khazinat al-Asfiyah, Vol.1, Page 31/32] Hadrat Imam Zain al-'Abideen had a very soft heart and always thought of the sacrifice that was given by his Father Imam Hussain and all the other Martyrs on the plains of Karbala. Once, he was walking in the blessed streets of Madinah Munawwarah, when he saw a person placing a goat on the ground, and was sharpening the knife before making the animal zibah. On seeing this, he became very saddened and thought of the martyrdom of his father. He then began to weep bitterly and asked the man, “My dear Brother! Did you give the goat some food and water or not?”The man replied that he had fed and given water to the goat for the past three days and had also fed it water just before laying in down. On hearing this, Hadrat Imam Zain al-'Abideen let out a sigh of pain and said, “It is sad, that the people of Kufa did not even care for him like (you care for) the goat. They starved him for three days and nights and then martyred him in this state.” [Masaalik as-Saalikeen] He used to perform one thousand rakaats of nafil salaah every night. One night whilst he was performing his nafils, his house caught on fire. The people were rushing around trying to put of the fire, but he continued his Namaaz with total sincerity. After he completed his salaah, the people told him that his house had caught on fire and yet he continued reading his salaat (Namaaz) without any showing any sign of panic. He said, “You were trying to extinguish this fire, and I was trying to extinguish the fire of the hereafter.”[Khazinat al-Asfiyah, Vol.1, Page 31] A person once swore at Imam Zain al-Abideen (Radi ALLAHu Ta'ala Anho) and made slanderous remarks to him. In response, Imam Zain al-Abideen (Radi ALLAHu Ta'ala Anho) said to him: 'If the attributes, you accuse me of, are found in me then I repent to Allah Azzawajal and ask for forgiveness. If the attributes are not found in me then on your behalf I ask Allah Azzawajal for forgiveness and repentance.' The person saw Imam Zain al-Abideen's patience and was overwhelmed by it. He stood up, kissed Imam Zain al-Abideen (Radi ALLAHu Ta'ala Anho) on the forehead and said: 'May my soul be sacrificed for you! Whatever I accused you of was wrong. I seek forgiveness from you and I request you to pray to Allah Azzawajal for the acceptance of my repentance.' Imam Zain al-Abideen (Radi ALLAHu Ta'ala Anho) agreed to pray to Allah Azzawajal on his behalf. HIS IBAADAT: After the shahaadat of his blessed father Imam Hussain (Radi ALLAHu Ta'ala Anho), he completely divorced himself from the materialistic world. He spent all his time in the remembrance of Allah. He would pass his days and nights thinking of the tragedy of Karbala and weeping. When Hadrat Imam Zain al-'Abideen (Radi ALLAHu Ta'ala Anho) used to sit down to perform wudhu, then his face used to become pale, and when he stood in Namaaz, then his complexion would change to such an extent, that it would be difficult to recognise him. The people would ask, O Beloved of the Prophet (Sallallaho Alaihi wa Aalihi wa Sallam)! What has happened to you?and he said, O People! Namaaz is a time when you are present in the Court of Allah. Who is so naive as to smile and look happy, when he is standing before his Creator.[Awaarif al-Ma'arif, Page 475] He used to perform one thousand rakaats of nafil salaah every night. One night whilst he was performing his nafils, his house caught on fire. The people were rushing around trying to put of the fire, but he continued his Namaaz with total sincerity. After he completed his salaah, the people told him that his house had caught on fire and yet he continued reading his Namaaz without any showing any sign of panic. He said, You were trying to extinguish this fire, and I was trying to extinguish the fire of the hereafter. [Khazinat al-Asfiyah, Vol.1, Page 31] Imam Talha Shafi'i (Radi ALLAHu Ta'ala Anho) writes that once shaitaan appeared in the form of a snake whist the Imam was in Salaah. He caught the toe of Hadrat Imam Zain al-'Abideen in his mouth, but the Imam did not even move or show sign of discomfort. After some time, he became disillusioned and stood a distance away from the Imam. Then, a voice was heard thrice, saying the following words, You are the Jewel of the Worshipper, You are the Chief of those who prostrate (to Allah). HIS FEAR FOR ALLAH: He was a personality who truly feared Allah. His heart flowed with the fear of Allah. Once during Hajj, he tied his Ehraam but did not say the Labbaik. The people asked him the reason for this, and he said, I fear the I will say Labbaik and Allah will say, I do not accept your presence (Hajj). The people then told him that his Ehraam would not be proper if he did not say Labbaik. He then said Labbaik, and began to tremble in the fear of Allah until he fell off his camel and became unconscious. This continued throughout the Hajj, every time that he said Labbaik. [Khazinat al-Asfiyah] RECITATION OF THE HOLY QUR'AN: Hadrat Imam Jaafar Saadiq (Radi ALLAHu Ta'ala Anho) says, When my grandfather, Hadrat Imam Zain al-'Abideen (Radi ALLAHu Ta'ala Anho) used to recite the Quran, then the beauty of his recitation attracted the people towards him and all those listening to him would become so overwhelmed with the fear of Allah, that one did not know the condition of the other. RETURN FROM THE BATTLE OF KARBALA: When Imam Zain al-'Abideen was returning to Madinah after the Battle of Karbala, he said a few stanzas. A few stanzas are being presented for blessing. “O Winds! If someday you pass by the sacred land, then pass my salaams before the Rawda al-Aqdas where the most exalted Nabi rests The Sadness of separation from Madinah feels like a sword stuck deep into my liver How fortunate are the people of that city in which is the Exalted and Beloved Prophet O Rahmatulil Aalameen! Assist Zain al-'Abideen. Who is standing alone and in difficulty amongst the tyrants.” Once a person asked Imam Zain al-'Abideen about who will be looked upon as pious and good on the last day and he said, “That person, who when he is happy, his happiness does not drive him towards wrong and that person, when he is angry, then his anger does not remove him from what is right.” In other words, when you are happy, you should not let your happiness take you towards bad deeds and when you are angry, then you should not allow your anger to blind you from that which is right. [Masaalik as-Saalikeen] Maqam Sayyaduna Imam Zain al-'Abideen in Egypt RESPECT FOR THE KHULAFA: Once some people from Iraq, came to visit Imam Zain al-'Abideen (Radi ALLAHu Ta'ala Anho). During their visit, they began to say disrespectful words concerning Hadrat Abu Bakr, Hadrat Umar and Hadrat Uthman (Ridwanullahi Ta'aal Alaihim Ajma'een). When they had completed saying what they wished to, He said, Tell me, are you from amongst the first Muhajireen, concerning whom Almighty Allah says, "Those who were driven out from their homes and their possessions seeking the grace of Allah and His Pleasure, and helping Allah and His Messenger. They are the truthful." [surah Hashr verse 8] They replied in the negative, by saying that the verse did not refer to them. Hadrat Imam Zain al-'Abideen (Radi ALLAHu Ta'ala Anho) then asked if they were from amongst the Ansaar, concerning whom Almighty Allah says in the Quran, And those who had established their homes in this city, with faith, from inception, They, (who) show love to those, who migrated towards them, and who find no need in their hearts, for that which has been left, and they give preference to them over their lives, even though they are in great need.[surah Hashr verse 9] Again, they answered in the negative. He then said, I swear, that you are not even worthy of this verse of the Quran wherein Allah says, And those who came after them say, O Allah! Pardon us and our brothers, who brought faith before us, And keep not in our hearts hostility towards those with Imaan. O Our Lord, Verily you are most Compassionate, Most Merciful. After saying this, he asked them to leave his presence. In other words, he showed them that they were not from amongst the Muhajireen, or the Ansaar, or even from amongst the believers. He therefore shunned them for being disrespectful to the Khulafa-e-Thalaasa. KARAAMAT: The Karaamats of Imam Zain al-'Abideen are numerous, but a few are being quoted for attaining blessings. Incident During Hajj: Two people where making tawaaf of the Kaaba and came to Hajr-e-Aswad. When they touched the Hajr-e-Aswad, both their hands became stuck on it. People tried very hard to release their hands, but it was not possible. Hadrat Imam Zain al-'Abideen entered the Haram whilst this was happening. He said Bismillah hir rahmaan nir rahim and then placed his hands on the Hajr-e-Aswad. Immediately the two peoples hands were released. [Khazinat al-Asfiyah, Vol. 1, Page 34] The Deer: Once Hadrat had gone into the jungle with his companions. As they sat to eat, a deer passed by them. The Imam called to the deer and asked it to partake in the meal with them. The Deer immediately came to the Imam and partook in the meal provided. [Masaalik as-Saalikeen, Vol. 1, Page 11] A Deers Complaint: A deer once came to Hadrat Imam Zain al-'Abideen (Radi ALLAHu Ta'ala Anho), whilst he was in a jungle. The animal fell to the ground and began to say something. Those with the Imam asked what had happened. The Imam said that the deer was complaining about a man who captured her child. Hadrat Imam Zain al-'Abideen (Radi ALLAHu Ta'ala Anho) summoned the man. The man brought with him the child belonging to the deer. Imam Zain al-'Abideen (Radi ALLAHu Ta'ala Anho) asked him to release the deer, which he gladly did. After some time, the deer took its young, and said something and then left. Those present were amazed and asked the Imam what the deer said as she left. The Imam said, She said, JazakAllahu fi Darain Khair.[Masaalik as-Saalikeen] HIS CHILDREN: Almighty Allah blessed Hadrat Imam Zain al-'Abideen (Radi ALLAHu Ta'ala Anho) with fifteen children. Their blessed names are as follows : Sons: 1. Hadrat Muhammad (Imam Baaqir), (Radi ALLAHu Ta'ala Anho) 2. Hadrat Zaid, (Radi ALLAHu Ta'ala Anho) 3. Hadrat Imraan, (Radi ALLAHu Ta'ala Anho) 4. Hadrat Abdullah, (Radi ALLAHu Ta'ala Anho) 5. Hadrat Hassan, (Radi ALLAHu Ta'ala Anho) 6. Hadrat Hussain, (Radi ALLAHu Ta'ala Anho) 7. Hadrat Hussain Asghar, (Radi ALLAHu Ta'ala Anho) 8. Hadrat Abdur Rahmaan, (Radi ALLAHu Ta'ala Anho) 9. Hadrat Sulaiman, (Radi ALLAHu Ta'ala Anho) 10.Hadrat Ali, (Radi ALLAHu Ta'ala Anho) 11. one more son whose name is not known. Daughters: 1. Hadrat Khadija, 2. Hadrat Fathima, 3. Hadrat Aliyah, 4. Hadrat Umme Kulthoom (Ridwanullahi Ta'ala Alaihim Ajma'een). Hadrat Imam Zain al-'Abideens (Radi ALLAHu Ta'ala Anho) descendants are from Hadrat Imam Baqir, Hadrat Zaid, Hadrat Abdullah, Hadrat Hussain Ashgar, Hadrat Imraan and Hadrat Ali (Ridwanullahi Ta'ala Alaihim Ajma'een) All of them were blessed with numerous children. [Masaalik as-Saalikeen] WISAAL SHARIF: He was given poison by Waleed bin Abdul Malik and was thus made shaheed on the 18th of Muharram and according to some narrations on the 12th or 22nd of Muharram at the age of 57 or 58. He passed away in Madinatul Munawwarah and his Mazaar Shareef is in Jannatul Baqi. Few have said that his Mazar Sharif is in Egypt and there is a Mosque and Shrine of Imam Zain al-'Adideen in Cairo, Egypt as well but the majority have accepted his Mazar Sharif being in Baqee al Garqad, Madina Munawwarah. ALLAH Knows the Best! After his wisaal, his camel placed its head on his mazaar shareef and cried. Hadrat Imam Baqir tried to move it away, but it refused. In the end, he said, “She will die in this exact place.” Eventually she did pass away at the Mazaar of Imam Zain al-'Abideen. [Masaalik as-Saalikeen, Vol. 1, Page 207] Mazar Sharif of Imam Zain al-'Abideen in Jannat al-Baqee' Sharif — — — Extracted from Tadhkira Mashaikh-e-Qadiriyah Barakatiya Ridawiyah Urdu: Mawlana Abdul Mujtaba Ridawi | English: Mawlana Aftab Qasim
  11. Amazing Incidents after the Martyrdom of Sayydiuna Imam Hussayn Radi Allahu Ta’ala Anhu It is recorded that when this blessed head arrived before the unclean Yazeed, he began to touch it with his cane. At that moment, a Christian ambassador from Rome was also present. When he saw this, he remarked surprisingly, “In a church on one of our islands, there a hoof which is said to belong to Nabi Esa’s donkey. Every year, people come from far and wide to see this hoof and also take oaths through it. We also respect it as you people respect the Kaba. However, what have you done with the son of your Prophet Peace and Blessings of Allah Be Upon Him? I bear witness that you people are indeed misguided.” Another Jew remarked that, “There were seventy generations which separated me from Nabi Daud (as family) and yet, the Jews still respected me. And yet, you people have yourselves killed the son of the Holy Prophet Peace and Blessings of Allah Be Upon Him.” In the evening, this caravan travelled onwards towards Madina Sharif. On arrival in Madina Sharif, it brought with it a scene from Qiyamat. Every house was filled with grief and sadness. It is said that immediately after the martyrdom of Imam Hussain Radi Allahu Ta’ala Anho, blood actually rained down from the sky. A person called Nasra Azdayah admits that, “When we awoke in the morning, every container in the house was filled with blood. The sky was so dark during the day that even the stars could be seen. Whatever stone was turned in Syria, below it was blood.” In one narration it is stated that “This darkness in the sky lasted for nearly seven days and the walls seemed like it was covered by red colour similar to a flame. It seemed like there was a continuous storm among the stars and they were also smashing against each other.” Abu Sa'eed says that “Whatever stone was overturned in the world, below it was fresh blood. The sky rained blood. In the lands of Khurasan, Kufa and Syria, the houses and walls were dripping with blood.” The Ulama declare that this redness which is seen during the dawn was never present before the actual Shahaadat. This redness remained in the corner of the sky, then become apparent everywhere. The frightful end of those who took part in the Martyrdom of Imam Hussain Radi Allahu Ta’ala Anhu Abu Shaykh narrates that whoever took part or assisted in the martyrdom of Imam Hussain Radi Allahu Ta’ala Anho, each and everyone became victims of some tragedy. Once, an old man proudly boasted that nothing had ever happened to him. When he was trying to set a light, suddenly fire engulfed him. He began to scream, “Fire, fire” and jumped into the Tigris. However, he could not manage to put off the fire until finally he went to his final destination which was the fire of hell. Mansoor bin Ammar narrates that The killers of Imam Hussain Radi Allahu Ta’ala Anho Radi Allahu Ta’ala Anho became victims of such immense thirst that no matter how much they drank, they could not quench their thirst. Sadmi narrates that “A person once invited him to Karbala and people were speaking among themselves that whoever was responsible for the martyrdom of Imam Hussain Radi Allahu Ta’ala Anho had died a disgraceful death. The person who had invited me declared that he had also been involved in this and that nothing had ever happened to him. The following night, while he was preparing a fire, suddenly the fire engulfed him and he was burnt beyond recognition”. The narrator admits that when he saw the body, it was burnt to ashes. Imam Zuhri admits that, “Some were killed, some became blind and the faces of some became black.” Imam Waaqidi narrates that, “There was once an old man who was present during this incident but was not involved. Suddenly he became blind. When he was asked the reason for this, he replied that he had seen the Holy Prophet Peace and Blessings of Allah Be Upon Him in his dream. The sleeve of the Holy Prophet Peace and Blessings of Allah Be Upon Him was folded and in his blessed hand was a sword. In front of the Holy Prophet Peace and Blessings of Allah Be Upon Him, ten of the killers of Imam Hussain Radi Allahu Ta’ala Anho lay dead. He then turned to the old man and said angrily, “By been present, you had increased their numbers. He then placed a drop of the blood of Imam Hussain Radi Allahu Ta’ala Anho on my eye and when I awoke, I found that I was blind.” Sabat ibn al-Joza narrates that “The person who had hung the blessed head of Imam Hussain Radi Allahu Ta’ala Anho on his horse, after a few days, his face became blacker than coal. When people asked him the reason for this and also mentioned to him that his face used to always look bright and fresh, he replied that, ‘Every night, two people approach me and grabbing me by my shoulders, they throw me into a flaming fire with my head over the fire. The flames continue to lick away at my face.’ It is said that he had a very bad death.” An old man admits that Once he saw the Holy Prophet Peace and Blessings of Allah Be Upon Him in a dream in front of which there was a tray of blood. People were then presented to the Holy Prophet Peace and Blessings of Allah Be Upon Him and each person is stained with this blood. When this old man approached the Holy Prophet Peace and Blessings of Allah Be Upon Him, he admitted that, “I was not present.” However, the Holy Prophet Peace and Blessings of Allah Be Upon Him replied, “But this is what you wished in your heart.” The Holy Prophet Peace and Blessings of Allah Be Upon Him then pointed at him with his right index finger and in the morning, he found that he was blind. <br style="color: rgb(34, 34, 34); font-family: arial, sans-serif; font-size: 13px; background-color: rgba(255, 255, 255, 0.917969); "> Imam Haakim narrates that once the Holy Prophet Peace and Blessings of Allah Be Upon Him declared to Jibreel-e-Ameen, “Almighty Allah has declared that in retaliation for the death of Nabi Yahya bin Zakariyah, I have killed seventy thousand and in revenge for Hussain Radi Allahu Ta’ala Anho, I have killed seventy thousand and another seventy thousand.” [Al Mustadrak, Vol. 3, Page 485, Hadith no. 4408] All praise is due to Almighty Allah in that He has taken his retribution from ibn Ziyad for the sake of Imam Hussain Radi Allahu Ta’ala Anho. It is stated that when he was killed with his companions, all their heads were placed and people came to see. The narrator declares that, “I saw a snake suddenly appear. After going through all the heads, it finally came to the unclean head of ibn Ziyad. It went through one nostril opening and appeared through the other nostril. This continued for a few times.” Mansoor narrates that, “I saw a person in Syria once whose face resembled that of a pig. When I asked him the reason, he replied, that, ‘I used to curse Hadrat Ali and his pure family. One night, I saw the Holy Prophet Peace and Blessings of Allah Be Upon Him in my dream and Imam Hasan Radi Allahu Ta’ala Anho complained about him. The Holy Prophet Peace and Blessings of Allah Be Upon Him cursed him and spat on his face. Suddenly his face took the shape of a pig.” wa al-'Ayadhu Billahi Ta'ala!! — — — Extracted from Aaina-e-Qiyamat (The mirror unto the day of Reckoning) by Ustaz-e-Zaman Mawlana Hasan Rida al-Qadiri Alaihir raHmah
  12. All praise is to Allah, the Lord Of The Creation. The Most Gracious, the Most Merciful. Owner of the Day of Recompense. Who blessed us being the Ummah of His Beloved Rasool Sallallaho Alaihi wa Sallam. Who sanctified our hearts with the Love and Affection towards His Beloved Rasool Sallallaho Alaihi wa Sallam. Who blessed us with the most precious treasure of Iman (Faith). Countless Salutations, Peace and Blessings of Allah be upon the Cream of the Creation; Mercy for all Worlds; Seal of the Prophets Sayyiduna wa Mawlana MuHammadur Rasoolullah Sallallaho Alaihi wa Sallam, His Blessed Parents, His entire Family, His Progeny, His Companions and all those who Follow Him!! Allah SubHanuhu wa Ta'ala says in the Holy Qur'an: قل لا أسألكم عليه أجرا إلا المودة في القربى say (O dear Prophet Mohammed - peace and blessings be upon him) “I do not ask any fee from you upon this, except the love between close ones” [surah al-Shoora, Verse 23] Sa'eed bin Mansur in his Sunan narrates from Sa'eed bin Jubayr Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu, He said: قربى رسول الله صلى الله تعالىٰ عليه وسلم In this verse close ones refers to the relatives of the Prophet SallAllaho Alaihi wa ala Aalihi wa Sahbihi wa Baaraka wa Sallam. [Jami' al-Bayan, Vol. 11, Page 144 | Zakhair al-'Uqba, Page 33, Durr al-Manthur, Vol. 5, Page 701 | Sahih al-Bukhari, Vol. 3, Page 288] This reveals that love for the Muslim relatives of the beloved Prophet through either blood or marriage is obligatory (Fard) upon each and every Muslim, neglect of which will prompt questioning by Allah SubHanuhu wa Ta'ala. Following are the few out of many sacred and blessed Ahadith containing the virtues of the Ahl al-Bait al-Kiraam Alaihim ar-Ridwan and thereby reveal the rank of the beloved Prophet’s Ahl al-Bait and relatives. Virtues of the Ahl al-Bait al-Kiraam — may Allah be well pleased with them all — ♥ Imam Ahmad; Tirmidhi who denoted it sahih; Nisa'i and Haakim narrated it from Muttalib bin Rabee’a that the beloved Prophet SallAllaho Alaihi wa ala Aalihi wa Sahbihi wa Baaraka wa Sallam said to Sayyiduna Abbas Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu والله لا يدخل قلب امرئ مسلم إيمان، حتى يحبكم لله ولقرابتي ‘By Allah, Imaan (faith) will not enter the heart of a Muslim until he loves you for Allah and for my relationship.’ [Musnad Ahmad, Vol. 1, Page 342, Hadith 1780 | Sunan Tirmidhi, Vol. 5, Page 610, Hadith 3758 | Sunan Nisa'i, Vol. 5, Page 51, Hadith 8175 | Mustadrak al-Hakim, Vol. 4, Page 85, Hadith 6960] The Love of the Prophet SallAllaho Alaihi wa ala Aalihi wa Sahbihi wa Baaraka wa Sallam and his family is proven from this hadith because without it no Imaan is acceptable. Loving them because of Allah means that the love be based on faith and which one must have for another Muslim because of his faith whilst love because of their relationship with the Prophet SallAllaho Alaihi wa ala Aalihi wa Sahbihi wa Baaraka wa Sallam means that the love be based on their relationship with the Prophet SallAllaho Alaihi wa ala Aalihi wa Sahbihi wa Baaraka wa Sallam. This reveals that one should have double love for the Muslim relatives of the Prophet SallAllaho Alaihi wa ala Aalihi wa Sahbihi wa Baaraka wa Sallam; firsly because of their Imaan and secondly because of their relationship with the Prophet SallAllaho Alaihi wa ala Aalihi wa Sahbihi wa Baaraka wa Sallam. ♥ Muslim, Tirmidhi and Nisai narrated from Zaid bin Arqam that the beloved Prophet SallAllaho Alaihi wa ala Aalihi wa Sahbihi wa Baaraka wa Sallam said أذكركم الله في اهل بيتي ‘I remind you of Allah (to fear Him) about my Ahl al-Bait.’ [sahih Muslim, Vol. 4, Page 36, Hadith 1837 | Musnad Ahmad, Vol. 5, Page 492, Hadith 18780 | Sahih Ibn Khuzaymah, Vol. 4, Page 62, Hadith 2357] ♥ Tirmidhi, denoting it Hasan, and Tabarani narrated from Ibn Abbas the the beloved Prophet SallAllaho Alaihi wa ala Aalihi wa Sahbihi wa Baaraka wa Sallam said أحبوا الله لم يغذوكم به من نعمه وأحبوني لحب الله وأحبوا أهل بيتي لحبي ‘Love Allah because of what He gave you from His blessings; Love me because of the Love of Allah and Love my Ahl al-Bait because of my Love.’ [sunan Tirmidhi, Vol. 5, Page 622, Hadith 3789 | Mustadrak al-Hakim, Vol. 3, Page 162, Hadith 4716 | Tabarani in Al-Kabir, Vol. 3, Page 46, Hadith 2638 | Bayhaqi in Shau'ab al-Iman, Vol. 2, Page 13, Hadith 1378] The reason and causes of love have been described in this hadith. Love of Allah should be because He is our Creator and Nourisher; Love for the Prophet should be because he is Allah’s Prophet and Beloved and Love for the Prophet’s family should be because it is his family. ♥ Tabarani and Haakim narrated from Ibn Abbaas that the beloved Prophet SallAllaho Alaihi wa ala Aalihi wa Sahbihi wa Baaraka wa Sallam said يا ابن عبد المطلب: اني سالت الله لكم تلاثاً ان يثبت قلوبكم وان يعلم جاهلكم ويهدي ضالكم وسالته ان يجعلكم جودآء نجدآء رحمآء فلو ان رجلاً صفن بين الركن والمقام فصلى وصام ثم مات وهو مبغض لاهل بيت محمد دخل النار ‘O Children of Abdul Muttalib, I asked Allah three things for you; that He keeps your hearts steadfast (upon Islam); that He teaches the Deen to your ignorant and illiterate and guides your astray, and that He make you kind, generous and affectionate to one another. So if a man prays, standing between the Rukn and Maqaam, and fasts but dies with malice for the Household of Muhammad he has entered Hell.’ [Tabarani in Al-Kabir, Vol. 11, Page 142, Hadith 11412 | Mustadrak al-Hakim, Vol. 3, Page 162, Hadith 4712] ♥ Tirmidhi, denoting it Hassan, and Haakim narrated from Zaid bin Arqam that the beloved Prophet SallAllaho Alaihi wa ala Aalihi wa Sahbihi wa Baaraka wa Sallam said إني تارك فيكم ما إن تمسكتم به لن تضلو بعدي: كتاب الله وعترتي أهل بيتي ولن يفترقا حتى يردا علي الحوض، فأنظروا كيف تخلفوني فيهما ‘Verily I am leaving in you that to which if you firmly hold onto you will not go astray after me; The Book of Allah and my family the Ahl al-Bait. These two will not be separated until they meet me at the Fountain (of Kawthar), so look (take care) at how you deal with them after me.’ [sunan Tirmidhi, Vol. 5, Page 626, Hadith 3788 | Mustadrak al-Hakim, Vol. 3, Page 160, Hadith 4711] Imam Torpashti Alaihir raHmah states that family here refers to the Prophet’s Pure wives and very closest relatives. Holding onto them means loving and respecting them, acting upon their narrated ahadith and trusting and relying upon their statements. This is also the station of the Prophet’s companions, it is important to love them, act upon their narrated ahadith and trust and rely upon their statements. The Prophet SallAllahu Alaihi wa Aalihi wa Sallam said ‘My companions are like the stars, whichever of them you follow you will find guidance’ (Mirqaat). ♥ Tabarani narrates from Ibn Abbas that the beloved Prophet SallAllaho Alaihi wa ala Aalihi wa Sahbihi wa Baaraka wa Sallam said بغض بني هاشم والانصار كفر وبغض العرب نفاق ‘Malice for the Bani Haashim (migrants) and Ansaar is kufr (heresy) whilst malice for the Arabs is hypocrisy.’ [Tabarani in Al-Kabir, Vol. 11, Page 118, Hadith 11312] ♥ Ibn Adee in Al-Kaleel narrates from Abu Sa'eed Khudri Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu that the beloved Prophet SallAllaho Alaihi wa ala Aalihi wa Sahbihi wa Baaraka wa Sallam said من ابغضنا اهل البيت فهو منافق ‘He is a hypocrite who has malice for our Ahl al-Bait.’ [Jawahir al-Aqdain, Vol. 2, Page 25] Imam Samhoodi narrates this in Jawaahir ul Aqdain and related it to the musnad of Imam Delmi and reported that Sayyiduna Jaabir stated ‘We would recognise the hypocrites by their malice for Sayyiduna Ali’. This has been narrated by Imam Tirmidhi and Ahmad with his sanad. ♥ Tabarani narrates from Imam Hasan bin Ali that he said to Muaawiyya bin Khudayj: يا معاوية بن خديج اياك وبغضنا فان رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم قال: لا يبغضنا احد ولا يحسدنا احد الا زيل يوم القيامة عن الحوض بسياط من نار ‘O Muaawiya Ibn Khudayj guard yourself from having malice for us because undoubtedly the beloved Prophet SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam said ‘No one has malice for us and no one is envious of us except on the day of Qiyaamah he will be kept away from the fountain by whips of fire.’ [Tabarani in Al-Kabir, Vol. 3, Page 81, Hadith 2726 and Al-Awsat, Vol 3. Page 203, Hadith 4426] ♥ Ibn Adee and Bayhaqi, in Shau'ab ul Imaan, narrated from Sayyiduna Ali the beloved Prophet SallAllaho Alaihi wa ala Aalihi wa Sahbihi wa Baaraka wa Sallam said من لم يعرف حق عترتي والانصار فهو لاحدى ثلاث اما منافق واما لدينه واما لغير طهرو يعني حملته امه على غير طهر ‘Whosoever did not recognise the right of my family and Ansaar is one of three; either a hypocrite, born illegitimate or conceived by his mother whilst she was impure.’ [ibn Adee in Al-Kaamil, Vol. 3, Page 106 | Shau'ab al-Iman, Vol. 2, Page 232, Hadith 1614, Daylami in Al-Firdaws, Vol. 3, Page 662, Hadith 5955] ♥ Tabarani in Awsat narrates from Hassan bin Ali that the beloved Prophet SallAllaho Alaihi wa ala Aalihi wa Sahbihi wa Baaraka wa Sallam said الزموا مودتنا أهل البيت فانه من لقي الله وهو يودنا دخل الجنة بشفاعتنا والذي نفسى بيده لا ينفع عبداً عمل عمله الا بمعرفة حقنا ‘Make the love of our Ahl al-Bait compulsory for whoever meets Allah having love for us shall enter paradise with our intercession and By He in whose Hand is my life no deed will benefit a servant except by recognizing our right.’ [Tabarani in Al-Awsat, Vol. 3, Page 122, Hadith 2251 | Al-Shifa, Vol. 2, Page 48] ♥ Ibn Shayba and Musadad in their respective Musnads; Hakeem Tirmidhi in ‘Nawaadir Al Usool’, Abu Ya’laa and Tabarani narrated from Salama bin Aku’ that the beloved Prophet SallAllaho Alaihi wa ala Aalihi wa Sahbihi wa Baaraka wa Sallam said الندم أمان لأهل السماء وأهل بيتي أمان لأمتي ‘The stars are the refuge for the people of the Heavans and my Ahl al-Bait is the refuge for my Ummah.’ [ibn Hajar in Matalib al-Aaliya, Vol. 4, Page 262, Hadith 3972 | Tabarani in Al-Kabir, Vol. 7, Page 22, Hadith 6260 | Kanz al-Ummal, Vol. 12, Page 101] ♥ Tabarani narrates from Abu Dhar, who said: I heard the Prophet SallAllaho Alaihi wa ala Aalihi wa Sahbihi wa Baaraka wa Sallam say: مثل أهل بيتي فيكم كمثل سفينة نوح في قوم نوح من ركبها نجا ومن تخلف عنها هلك ومثل باب حطة في بني اسرائيل ‘The example of my Ahl al-Bait within you is the example of the Ark of Nuh within the nation of Nuh; whoever boarded it was saved and whoever stayed behind was destroyed. It is also the example of the ‘Hitha’ of the Bani Isra'eel.’ [Tabarani in Al-Awsat, Vol. 4, Page 283, Hadith 3506 | Mustadrak al-Hakim, Vol. 2, Page 427, Hadith 3312] The Hitha is mentioned in Surah Baqarah. The Bani Israil were ordered to enter through the door of Bait al-Muqaddas proclaiming Hitha, meaning Oh Allah, forgive our sins. But instead of reciting Hitha some of them proclaimed ‘Hinta’ and so Allah destroyed those who proclaimed that. The relevance of this example is that the one who loves the Ahl al-Bait is (saved like those) proclaiming Hitha whilst those who do not will be destroyed like those proclaiming ‘Hinta’. ♥ Tabarani narrates from Ibn Abbas that the beloved Prophet SallAllaho Alaihi wa ala Aalihi wa Sahbihi wa Baaraka wa Sallam said لا تزول قدما عبد حتى يسأل عن أربع عن عمره فيم أفناه وعن جسده فيم أبلاه وعن ماله فيم أنفقه ومن ابن اكتسبه وعن محبتنا أهل البيت ‘On the day of Judgement the feet of the servant will not move from the grave until he is asked about four matters; His age, the matters in which he spent it; His body, how he expended it’s strength; His wealth, where he spent and how he earned it and about the love of the Ahl al-Bait.’ [Tabarani in Al-Kabir, Vol. 11, Page 83, Hadith 11177 | Haytami in Majma' al-Zawa'id, Vol. 10, Page 346] ♥ Ibn Najjaar in his ‘Taarikh’ narrates from Hasan bin Ali that the beloved Prophet SallAllaho Alaihi wa ala Aalihi wa Sahbihi wa Baaraka wa Sallam said لكل شيء أساس وأساس الإسلام حب أصحاب رسول الله وحب أهل بيته ‘Everything has a base and the base of Islam is the love of the Prophet’s companions and love of his Ahl al-Bait.’ [Jami' al-Ahadith, Vol. 3, Page 457, Hadith 9778 | Kanz al-Ummal, Vol. 11, Page 2319, Hadith 32523 | Al-Musannaf] ♥ Tabarani in Al-Awsat narrates from Sayyiduna Jaabir who heard Sayyiduna Umar saying at the time of his marriage to Sayyiduna Ali’s daughter (Sayyida Umm Kulthoom): إلا تهنئوني سمعت رسول الله صلى الله علي وسلم يقول: ينقطع يوم القيامة كل سبب ونسب إلا سببي ونسبي ‘Do you not congratulate me! I heard the Prophet SallAllaho Alaihi wa ala Aalihi wa Sahbihi wa Baaraka wa Sallam say ‘On the Day of Qiyaamah all Sabab (relations through marriage) and Nasab (relations by blood) will break except my Sabab and Nasab.’[Tabarani in Al-Awsat, Vol. 6, Page 282, Hadith 5602 | Bayhaqi in Sunan al-Kubra, Vol. 7, Page 107, Hadith 13393] ♥ Daylami narrates from Sayyiduna Ali Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu that the beloved Prophet SallAllaho Alaihi wa ala Aalihi wa Sahbihi wa Baaraka wa Sallam said أدبوا أولادكم على ثلاث خصال حب نبيكم وحب أهل بيته وعلى قراءة القرآن فان حملة القرآن في ظل الله يوم لا ظل إلا ظله مع أنبيائه وأصفيائه ‘Teach your children three things; Love of your Prophet; Love of his Ahl al-Bait and the recitation of the Quran. Verily the learned of the Quran will be with the Prophets and the pious (Awliyaa) in the shade of Allah’s mercy on the day (of Qiyaamah) when there will be no shade but His.’ [Kanz al-Ummal, Vol. 16, Page 456, Hadith 45409 | Kash al-Khifa, Vol. 11, Page 74, Hadith 34157] The learned of the Quran are those of Correct Aqeedah (belief) who sought the knowledge of the Quran and taught it to others and also includes all those who helped them in this. ♥ Daylami narrates from Sayyiduna Ali Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu that the beloved Prophet SallAllaho Alaihi wa ala Aalihi wa Sahbihi wa Baaraka wa Sallam said أثبتكم على الصراط أشدكم حباً لأهل بيتي وأصحابي ‘The most steadfast of you on the Bridge (on the day of Qiyaamah) will be the one with the most love for my Ahl al-Bait and my companions.’ [ibn Adee in Al-Kaamil, Vol. 2, Page 2304 | Kanz al-Ummal, Vol. 12, Page 96, Hadith 34157] This hadith proves that the most steadfast on the bridge will be the one who combines in his heart the love of the Ahl al-Bait and the love of the Prophet’s Noble Companions. Praise be to Allah, this characteristic belongs to the Ahl as-Sunnah wa al-Jama'ah. ♥ Daylmi narrates from Sayyiduna Abu Sa'eed that the beloved Prophet SallAllaho Alaihi wa ala Aalihi wa Sahbihi wa Baaraka wa Sallam said اشتد غضب الله على من آذاني في عترتي ‘Allah’s most severe wrath (punishment) will be upon the one who pains me regarding my family.’ [Kanz al-Ummal, Vol. 12, Page 93, Hadith 34143] Based on this hadith the corrupt Yazeed and his aids, Ubaidullah bin Ziyaad, Shimar etc, who martyred and tormented Sayyiduna Imam Hussayn and the leading lights of his family, are worthy of Allah’s wrath’. In Zakhair ul 'Uqba, Page 83 Imam Tabarani narrates from Sayyiduna Ali ‘Allah’s most severe wrath, the wrath of the Prophet and the wrath of the Angels is upon the one who shed the blood of the Prophet and pained him over his household’ ♥ Ibn Asakir narrates from Sayyiduna Ali that the beloved Prophet SallAllaho Alaihi wa ala Aalihi wa Sahbihi wa Baaraka wa Sallam said من صنع إلى احد من أهل بيتي يداً كافأته يوم القيامة ‘Whoever does a good to one of my Ahl ul Bait (pure wives and respected children) I will return the favour on the day of Qiyaamah.’ [Kanz al-Ummal, Vol. 12, Page 95, Hadith 34152] ♥ Tabrani narrates from Sayyiduna Umar that the beloved Prophet SallAllaho Alaihi wa ala Aalihi wa Sahbihi wa Baaraka wa Sallam said كل بني أنثى فان عصبتهم لأبيهم ما خلا ولد فاطمة فاني عصبتهم فانا أبوهم ‘The Asba’ (tribe) of all the children of women is from the father except the children of Fatima because I am their Asba (tribe) for I am their father.’ [Tabarani in Al-Kabir, Vol. 3, Page 44, Hadith 6631 | Haytami in Majma' al-Zawa'id, Vol. 4, Page 224] ♥ Daylmi narrates from Sayyiduna Abu Sa'eed that the beloved Prophet SallAllaho Alaihi wa ala Aalihi wa Sahbihi wa Baaraka wa Sallam said أهل بيتي والأنصار كٌرشي وعيبتي وصحابي وموضع مسرتي وأمانتي فاقبلوا من محسنهم وتجاوزوا عن مسيئهم ‘My Ahl ul Bait and the Ansaar are my wealth, my body, my household and my family, the locus of my happiness and my trust. So accept the good deeds of their good and overlook the mistakes of any of them (not from the Hudood of Allah).’ [Daylami in Al-Firdaws, Vol. 1, Page 407, Hadith 1645] ♥ Haakim, in his Taarkh, and Daylami narrated from Sayyiduna Abu Sa'eed that the beloved Prophet SallAllaho Alaihi wa ala Aalihi wa Sahbihi wa Baaraka wa Sallam said ثلاث من حفظهن حفظ الله له دينه ودنياه ومن ضيعهن لم يحفظ الله له شيئاً حرمة الإسلام وحرمتي وحرمة رحمي ‘Whoever safeguards three matters Allah will safeguard his Deen and Duniya and whoever loses them Allah will not protect anything for him; the sanctity (not openly opposing) of Islam (its commandments); my sanctity and the sanctity of my (muslim) relatives.’ [Tabarani in Al-Kabir, Vol. 3, Page 162, Hadith 2881 and Al-Awsat, Vol 1. Page 126, Hadith 205] ♥ Ibn Hibban, in his sahih, and Haakim narrated from Sayyiduna Abu Sa'eed Khudri that the beloved Prophet SallAllaho Alaihi wa ala Aalihi wa Sahbihi wa Baaraka wa Sallam said والذي نفسي بيده لا يبغضنا اهل البيت رجل الا ادخله الله النار ‘By He in whose Hand is my Life no man will have malice for my Ahl ul Bait except that Allah will put him in Hell.’ [Mustadrak al-Hakim, Vol. 3, Page 126, Hadith 4717 | Sahih Ibn Hibban, Vol. 15, Page 435, Hadith 6978] After mentioning this hadith Imam Haakim said that it is upon the conditions of Bukhari and Muslim but that they did not narrate it in their sahih. ♥ Daylami narrates from Sayyiduna Ali Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu that the beloved Prophet SallAllaho Alaihi wa ala Aalihi wa Sahbihi wa Baaraka wa Sallam said أربعة أنالهم شفيع يوم القيامة المكرم لذريتي والقاضي لهم الحوائج والساعي لهم في أمورهم عند ما اضطروا إليه والمحب لهم بقلبه ولسانه ‘I will intercede (specifically) for four people on the day of Judgement ‘The one who respected my family; the one who fulfilled their needs; the one who ran and came to their aid when they were helpless and the one who loved them (my family) with (both) his heart and his tongue.’ [Kanz al-Ummal, Vol. 12, Page 100, Hadith 34180 | Zakhair al-'Uqba, Page 50] ♥ Daylami narrates from Sayyiduna Ali Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu that the beloved Prophet SallAllaho Alaihi wa ala Aalihi wa Sahbihi wa Baaraka wa Sallam said خير الناس العرب وخير العرب قريش وخير قريش بنو هاشم ‘The best of the people are the Arabs; the best of the Arabs are the Quraysh and the best of the Quraysh are the Banu Hashim.’ [Daylami in Al-Firdaws, Vol. 1, Page 178, Hadith 2892] — Extracted from — Ihya al-Mayyit bi Fadhai'l Ahl al-Bayt Alaihim ar-Ridwan by Imam Abd ar-RaHman Jalal al-Din al-Suyuti Alaihir raHmah Urdu: Mufti Gulam Sarwar Qadiri | English: Muhammad Sajid Younus
  13. رَدُّ الرِّفضة (تبرّائی رافضيوں كا رد) Refutation of the Rawafidh [Tabarra'i Shi'ah] الحمد ﷲ الذي ھدانا و كفانا، و اوانا عن الرفض و الخروج ، وكل بلاء نجانا والصلٰوة والسلام علٰی سيدنا و مولٰنا و ملجانا و ماوانا محمد واٰله وصحبه الاولين ايمانا و الاحسنين احسانا و الامكنين ايقانا... آمين O Allah! Guide us upon the right path and You are sufficient for us. And save us from dissension and all other such calamities. May Allah Ta’ala send Benediction and Salutation upon our Leader, Master, Refuge, Asylum, the Last and the Holy Prophet Hadrat Muhammad Mustafa (SallAllahu Alaihi wa Sallam), his offspring, companions and whole Ummah. Ameen! It is thoroughly, well investigated and researched matter, that these abuser Rafidhis, who are insolent of either, of the Shaikhain, for example, Hadrat Abu Bakr Siddique and Hadrat Umar Farooque (Radi Allahu Anhuma) or anyone of them. Though, not to the extent, that they do not admit them rightful Imams and Caliphs. They are absolutely and surely Kaffirs. According to and in the light of the clarifications of all the most authentic books of Hanafi Jurisprudence; and by all the other Ulama and the Imams, who have clearly written in their books, when they were asked in this regard. The most famous book of the Islamic Fiqh (Law) book “Durr al-Mukhtar”, has mentioned that: ان انكربعض ما علم من الدين ضرورة كفربھا كقوله ان اﷲ تعالٰی جسم كالاجسام وانكاره صحبةالصديق "If a person who says that Allah Ta’ala has a body like any other creature, will be Kaffir, without any doubt. And anyone who denies the companionship of Hadrat Abu Bakr Siddique (Radi Allahu Anh) will also be declared as a Kaffir."[Durr-al-Mukhtar, Published from Matba' Mujtabai Dehli, Page 83] And there is unanimity, consensus and agreement of the whole Muslim Ummah upon this issue. In another famous book of the Islamic Fiqh “Tahtavi”, Hashiyyah (a commentary) on “Durr”, has also clearly and definitely mentioned that: وكذا خلا فته “And similarly, those who deny his Caliphate are also Kaffir.” [Tahtavi, Published from Dar al-Ma'rifah [beirut - Lebanon], Vol. 1, Page 244] It is also written in the renowned Islamic Fiqh books that: الرافضي ان فضل عليا علی غیره فھو مبتدع ولو انكرخلافة الصدیق رضی اﷲ تعالٰی عنه فھو كافر “Any Rafidhi who claims that Hadrat Mawla Ali (Karam Allahu wajh al-Karim) is superior to all companions, is a heretic, and a wrongdoer. And if, he denies the Caliphate of Hadrat Abu Bakr Siddique (Radi Allahu Anh) he is then no doubt, a Kaffir.” [Fatawa Khulasa, in ‘Kitab al-Salat’ (chapter of Salah) section: 15, and “Khazanat al-Musannafin”, in the chapter of ‘Kitab al-Salat’ (Book of Salah) in the section ‘To follow a Rafidhi in Salat, is it right or wrong’?] In another famous and renowned Islamic Fiqh books, it is stated that: فی الرافض من فضل عليا علی الثلاثة فمبتدع وان انكرخلافة الصدیق او عمررضی اﷲ عنھما فھو كافر “Any Rafidhi, who prefers Mawla Ali above the other three rightly guided Caliphs, is a misled. If he denies the Caliphate of Hadrat Abu Bakr Siddique and Hadrat Umar Farooque (Radi Allahu Anhuma) he is then, a Kaffir.” [“Fath al-Qadeer”, Sharah (a commentary) on the most renowned and reliable Fiqh book “Hidayah”, printed in Egypt, Vol.1, Page 248 and in Hashiyyah (a commentary) on the Fiqh book “Tabi’een al-Salamah”, by Allama Ahmad as-Salabi, printed in Egypt, Vol. 1, Page 135] Another Islamic Fiqh book has stated too, that: من انكرخلا فة ابی بكر رضی اﷲ تعالٰی عنه فھو كافرفی الصحیح ومن انكر خلافة عمر رضی الله تعالی عنه فھو كافر فی الاصح “Anyone, who denies the Caliphate of Hadrat Abu Bakr (Radi Allahu Anh) is a Kaffir; and this is absolutely true. And, if anyone, who denies the Caliphate of Hadrat Umar Farooque (Radi Allahu Anh) is also a Kaffir. This is also absolutely true.” [Al-Wajeez, by Imam Kurdari, Printed in Egypt, Vol. 3, Page 318 and Fatawa Bazaziyah, Vol. 6, Page 318] Another most renowned and reliable Islamic Fiqh book “Tabi’een al-Haqaique”, Sharah (a commentary) on another most reliable Fiqh book “Kanz al-Daqaique”, has mentioned that: قال المرغینانی لا تجوز الصلوة خلف الرافضي “Imam Marghinani has said, that Salah will be invalid, if it is performed by following a Rafidhi.” [Tabi’een al-Haqaique, Sharah (a commentary) on another most reliable Fiqh book “Kanz al-Daqaique”, printed in Egypt, Vol. 1, Page 134] It is written in the most reliable and renowned Islamic Fiqh book “Fatawa Alamgiri”, and it has also mentioned, that: ھكذا فی التبیین والخلاصة وھو الصحیح ھكذافی البدائع “Likewise, it is stated in the following two Islamic Fiqh books “Tabi’een al-Haqaique”, and “ Fatawa Khulasa” and that is the truth.” [Fatawa Alamgiri, printed in Egypt, Vol. 1, Page 84] It is also written in the following Fiqh books “Bada’eh”, “Bazaziyyah”, “Asabah”, “Fan al-Sa’ani”, “al-Haf al-Abrar wal-Basair”, “Fatawa Qurwiyyah” and “Waqiat al-Muftiyyin”, and all these books have quoted references from another most authentic and renowned Fiqh book “Fatawa Khulasa”, that: الرافضي ان كان یسب الشیخین و یلعنھما والعیاذ باﷲ تعالٰی فھو كافر وان كان یفضل عليا كرم اﷲ تعالٰی وجهه علیھما فھو مبتدع “Rafidhi Tabarai, who reproach and abuse Hadrat Shaykhain, for example, Hadrat Abu Bakr Siddique and Hadrat Umar Farooque (Radi Allahu Anhuma) are Kaffir. And if, they only prefer Hadrat Mawla Ali (Karam Allahu wajh al-Karim) they will not be Kaffir, but they will be misled and heretic.” [‘Bada’eh.”, Vol. 3, Page 264, and “Bazaziyyah”, Vol. 3, Page 319, “Asabah”, “Fan al-Sa’ani”, ‘Kitab al-Sair’, “al-Haf al-Abrar wal-Basair”, printed in Egypt, Page 187, “Fatawa Qurwiyyah”, printed in Egypt, Vol. 1, Page 25, and “Waqiat al-Muftiyyin”, printed in Egypt, Page 13] It is also mentioned in another most renowned Fiqh book “Fatawa Bazaziyyah”, that: ویجب اكفارھم باكفار عثمان و علی وطلحة و زبیر و عائشة رضی اﷲ تعالٰی عنهم “This is one of the obligations to belief that the Rafidhis, the Nasibis and the Kharjis, are all Kaffir. Because, they say Amir al-Momineen, Hadrat Uthman, Hadrat Mawla Ali, Hadrat Talha, Hadrat Zubair and Hadrat Ayisha Siddiqua (Radi Allahu Anhum) were Kaffirs.” [Fatawa Bazaziyyah, Noori Book Store Peshwar, Vol. 6, Page 318] Another most renowned, famous and most authentic Islamic Fiqh book “Bahr al-Raique”, has stated that: یكفر بانكاره امامة ابی بكر رضی اﷲ تعالٰی عنه علی الا صح كا نكاره خلافة عمر رضی اﷲ تعالٰی عنه علی الاصح “The most correct and authentic belief is that: ‘Anyone, who denies the leadership and Caliphate of either, Hadrat Abu Bakr Siddique or Hadrat Umar Farooque (Radi Allahu Anhuma) is no doubt, a Kaffir.'" [bahr al-Raique, printed in Egypt, Vol. 5, Page 131, Bahr al-Raique, Bab al Ahkaam al Murtaddeen, Published by H.M. Saeed Co. Karachi, Vol. 5, Page 121] It is mentioned in another authentic and most renowned Fiqh book “Majma al-Anhar”, Sharah (a commentary) on the book “Multaqi al-Abhar”, that: الرافضي ان فضل عليا فھو مبتدع وان انكر خلافة الصدیق فھو كافر “If the Rafidhis are only Tafdhili (those Shias, who prefer Hadrat Mawla Ali (Radi Allahu Anh) above the other three Sunni Caliphs) then, they are misled. If, they deny the Caliphate of Hadrat Abu Bakr (Radi Allah Anh) then, they are no doubt, Kaffirs." [“Majma al-Anhar”, Sharah (a commentary) on the book “Multaqi al-Abhar”, printed in Istanbul, Vol. 1, Page 105] This book mentions again, that: یكفر بانكار ه صاحبة ابی بكر رضی اﷲ تعالٰی عنه وبانكاره امامته علی الاصح وبانكاره صحبة عمر رضی اﷲ تعالٰی عنه علی الاصح “Any person who denies companionship of Hadrat Abu Bakr Siddique is, no doubt, a Kaffir. Likewise, he who denies Hadrat Abu Bakr’s (Radi Allahu Anh) right to the Caliphate is also a Kaffir. This is according to true Madhab (Faith). Similarly, denial of the companionship of Hadrat Umar Farooque (Radi Allahu Anh) is also Kufr. This is according to the right, true and authentic statements of the great Ulama and the Imams.” [“Majma al-Anhar”, Sharah (a commentary) on the book “Multaqi al-Abhar”, printed in Istanbul, Vol. 1, Page 631] It is mentioned in the most reliable and renowned Fiqh book “Ghuniyyah”, Sharah (a commentary) on the book “Muniyyah”, has mentioned that: المراد بالمبتدع من یعتقدشیئا علی خلاف مایعتقده اھل السنة والجماعة وانما یجوز الاقتداء به مع الكراھة اذالم یكن ما یعتقده یؤدی الی الكفر عنداھل السنة اما لوكان مؤدیا الی الكفر فلا یجوزاصلا كا لغلاة من الروافض الذین یدعون الالوھیة لعلی رضی اﷲ تعالٰی اوان النبوة كانت له فغلط جبریل و نحو ذٰلك مما ھو كفر و كذامن یقذف الصدیقة اوینكر صحبة الصدیق اوخلافته اویسب الشیخین “Irreligious, means that anyone, whose faith is against the Faith of the Ahlus-Sunnat wa-Jama’at, in any matter. To follow such a person in Salah is not lawful at all, with any consideration. And the condition is that, when belief of such a person does reach to the extents and to the limits of Kufr. This is in the light of the religious teaching; and according to the belief of the Ahlus-Sunnat wal Jama’at. If, his belief takes him to reach the extent and the limit of Kufr, then to follow such a person in Salah, will not be lawful by any means. Some of their great Kufr (disbelieves) are, for example, the extremist Rafidhis say, that: 'Mawla Ali (Karam Allahu wajh al-Karim) is the ‘god.’ And they also proclaim: 'The Prophethood was assigned for Hadrat Mawla Ali (Radi Allahu Anh) and, the Angel Jibril mistakenly delivered it to the wrong person by the instruction of Abu Bakr Siddique (Radi Allahu Anh).' There are so many example of their Kufr, such as these, which we have just mentioned above, which leads them out of the bounds of Islam. Any Salah, which has been performed by following such person, who equates to Hadrat Abu Bakr Siddique (Radi Allahu Anh) such a lie, he has abused and slandered Hadrat Abu Bakr Siddique (Radi Allahu Anh) that he was not a trustworthy person, must be performed again. Also, avoid performing Salah behind anyone, who denies the companionship, or Caliphate of Hadrat Abu Bakr Siddique, or Abuses him, or Hadrat Umar Farooque (Radi Allahu Anhuma)." [“Ghuniyyah”, Sharah (a commentary) on the book “Muniyyah”, printed in Istanbul, Page 514, Gunyatul Mustamila, Fasl al Oola Bil Imamah, Suhail Academy Lahore, Page 515] The most acknowledged Islamic Fiqh book “Kifaya”, Sharah of another Authentic Fiqh book “Hedaya”, and “Mustakhlis al-Haqaique”, Sharah of another Fiqh book “Kanz al-Daqaique”, and, these both have stated, that: ان كان ھواه یكفر اھله كالجھمی و القدری الذی قال بخلق القراٰن والرافضي لغالی الذی ینكر خلافة ابی بكر رضی اﷲ تعالٰی عنه لا تجوز الصلٰوة خلفه “If the irreligiousness of such a person reaches to the extent of the Kufr, as did the irreligiousness of the Jahimiyyah’s and the Qidriyyah’s, who say that the Quran is a creation of Allah Ta’ala, and not the true Words from Him. The extremist Rafidhis, deny the Caliphate of Hadrat Abu Bakr Siddique (Radi Allahu Anh). Then, how can that Salah be right, which is performed following them?” [“Kifaya”, Sharah of another Authentic Fiqh book “Hedaya”, printed in Bombay, India, Vol. 1, and “Mustakhlis al-Haqaique”, Sharah of another Fiqh book “Kanz al-Daqaique”, Bab fi Bayan al Ahkaam Al-Imamah, Printed by Kanshi Raam Bros. Lahore, Page 515] The famous Fiqh book “Sharah Kanz” and in another Fiqh book “Hashiyyah Fateh al-Mo’een”, have both stated that: في الخلاصة یصح الاقتداء باھل الاھواء الاالجهمیة والجبریة والقدریة والرافضي الغالی ومن یقول بخلق القراٰن والمشبه ، وجملتاه ان من كان من اھل قبلتنا ولم یغل فی ھواه حتی لم یحكم بكونه كافراتجوزالصلوة خلفه وتكر ه واراد بالرافضي الغالی الذی ینكر خلافة ابی بكر رضی اﷲتعالٰی عنه “There is stated in “Fatawa Khulasa”, that: ‘Any Salah, which has been performed by the following of an irreligious person becomes invalid, such as, Jahimiyyah, Jabriyyah, Qidriyyah, Rafidhiyyah, or any other such person, who believe that the Holy Quran is a created being, or any other sect, who believe in such ugly faith, like them.’ The reasons are, that the Salah will only be rightly performed, if it is performed by the following of those people of the Qibla, who are not extremist, misled and whose irreligiousness has not reached to the extent, which does not lead him to the bounds of Kufr. But, the extremist Rafidhis, deny the Caliphate of Hadrat Abu Bakr Siddique (Radi Allahu Anh)."[sharah Kanz, by Mulla Miskin, printed in Egypt, Vol. 1, Page 208, Hashiyyah Fateh al-Mo’een] Another Fiqh book “Tahtavi Ala Miraqi al-Falah”, has stated that: ان انكر خلافة الصدیق كفر و الحق فی الفتح عمر بالصدیق فی ھذا الحكم والحق فی البرھان عثمان بھما ایضا ولا تجوز الصلوة خلف منكر المسح علی الخفین او صحبة الصدیق ومن یسب الشیخین اویقذف الصدیقة ولا خلف من انكر بعض ماعلم من الدین ضرورة لكفره ولا یلتف الٰی تاویله و اجتھاده “Anyone, who denies the Caliphate of Hadrat Abu Bakr Siddique (Radi Allahu Anh) is, no doubt, a Kaffir. And this is also stated in another Fiqh book Fateh al-Qadeer, that: There is no doubt, that anyone, who denies the Caliphate of Hadrat Umar Farooque (Radi Allahu Anh) is, also a Kaffir. And to perform Salah by following such a person is not lawful. The following will not be lawful of that person too, who denies brushing up (mas’ah) on the leather-socks, or he denies the companionship of Hadrat Abu Bakr Siddique (Radi Allahu Anh). And, he also abuses or slanders the Shaikhain (Radi Allahu Anhuma), Umm al-Momineen Hadrat Ayisha Siddiqua (Radi Allahu Anha). The Salah will not be valid, which is performed by following any such a person, who denies any of the essentials of Deen. And, so, he will be also Kaffir, and none of his interpretations will be regarded, or taken into account.” [Tahtavi Ala al-Miraqi al-Falah, printed in Egypt, Page 198] The most versified Fiqh book “Nazm al Faraid”, it is stated that: لعن الشیخین اوسب كافر؛ ومن قال فی الاید ی الجوارح اكفر ۔۔۔ وصحح تكفیرمنكرخلافت ال؛ عتیق فی الفاروق ذٰلك الاظھر “He who abuses Hadrat Abu Bakr and Hadrat Umar Farooque (Radi Allahu Anhuma) or reproaches them, is no doubt, a Kaffir. And he, who says that ‘Yadullah’ (Hand of Allah) and takes it’s meaning literally, is also a disbeliever. No doubt, this is the greatest of disbeliefs. And, anyone who denies the Caliphate of Hadrat Abu Bakr Siddique (Radi Allahu Anh) will be charged with the infidelity. Anyone, who denies the Caliphate of Hadrat Umar Farooque (Radi Allahu Anh) will also be charged with the infidelity.” [Nazm alأFaraid by Allama Ibn Wahban, printed in Egypt, Page 40] The most famous and authentic Fiqh book has said that: الرافضي اذاسب ابا بكر و عمر رضی اﷲ تعالٰی عنھما ولعنھما یكون كافر اوان فضل علیھما عليا لا یكفر و ھو مبتدع “If the Rafidhis reproach the Shaikhain (Radi Allahu Anhuma) or abuse them, they will become Kaffir. But, if they just say, that Mawla Ali (Karam Allahu wajh al-Karim) is superior to both of them. Then, there is no doubt, they are not Kaffir, but they will be regarded as wrongdoers, misled and irreligious.” and The same book which has been mentioned above, it has mentioned again that: “One who denies the Caliphate of Hadrat Abu Bakr Siddique (Radi Allahu Anh) is no doubt, a Kaffir. This is according to the right and true Madhab. And the same is the verdict for one, who denies the Caliphate of Hadrat Umar Farooque (Radi Allahu Anh). This is according to the genuine evidence and true statements.”[Taisir al-Maqasad, Sharah of another Fiqh book “Wahabaniyyah”, by Allama Shrumbulali, and, he in ‘Kitab al-Siyar'] There is written in the Fatawa of the Shaykh al-Islam, Ubaidullah Afandi, in his books “Mughni al-Mustafti an Sawal al-Mufti”, and “Uqood al-Dariyyah”, that: الروافض كفرة جمعوا بین اصناف الكفر منھا انھم یسبون الشیخین سودا ﷲ وجوھھم فی الدارین فمن اتصف بواحد من ھذه الامور فھو كافر ملتقطا “Rafidhis are Kaffirs, because of their many contradictory and wrong disbelief and Kufr. And one of their ugly beliefs is, that: ‘Total denial of the Caliphate of the Shaykhain.’ Those who reproach the Shaikhain are also Kaffirs. May Allah Ta’ala dishonor them, and anyone who contributed in anyone of their affairs in those matters, is also a Kaffir.” The same books has mentioned, that: “To reproach Shaikhain (Radi Allahu Anhuma) is such a great matter, such as, to be insolent of the Holy Prophet (SallAllahu Alaihi wa Sallam) himself. Imam Sadar Shaheed said, that: ‘He who reproaches anyone of the Shaykhain, is no doubt, a Kaffir.’” [uqoodal Dariyyah, Bab al Raddah wa Ta'zeez, Irag Bazar Qandhar Afghanistan, Vol. 1, Page 103-104] The book “Uqood al-Dariyyah”, has stated after mentioning of the above Fatwa, that: اماسب الشیخین رضی اﷲ تعالٰی عنهما فانه كسب النبی صلی اﷲ تعالٰی علیه وسلم وقال اصدر الشهید من سب الشیخین اولعنھما یكفر “The Ulama in Sultanate of Uthmaniyyah Turkiyyah (Othman of Turkey) were in agreement of the Fatwa against Rafidhis by the Divine Help of Allah Ta’ala. The most learned amongst them became Shaykh al-Islam, and they gave unanimously the verdicts against the Shias (Rafidhis) abundantly. Many amongst them wrote lengthy books against the Rafidhis; and many other amongst them also wrote small books and pamphlets. They all charged the Rafidhis with infidelity and apostasy. They were all in agreement and have unanimously given the verdict against the Rafidhis.” [uqoodal Dariyyah, Bab Arraddah wa Ta'zeez, Irag Bazar Qandhar Afghanistan, Vol. 1, Page 104] Allama Kawakabi Jali has stated from the passage from the great scholar, and the commentator of the Holy Quran, Abu Saud Afandi Imadi, and the leader of the Mufti of the Sultanate (Kingdom) of Uthmaniyyah, in Sharah (a commentary) on a well known and verified Fiqh book “Ba-Fawaid as-Sunniyyah” In the book “Asabah” and “Waqiyyat al-Ma’een". They have quoted references from another verified and renowned Fiqh book “Manaqib Kardari”, which has stated, that: یكفر اذا انكر خلاتھما او یبغضھما لمحبة النبی صلی ﷲ تعالٰی علیه وسلم لھما “He who denies the Caliphate of Shaykhain or hates them, there is no doubt, such a person, is a Kaffir. Because, both are the beloved of the Holy Messenger (Sall Allahu Alaihi wa Sallam). Many who were the most learned amongst them have clarified and clearly stated that: “Rafidhis Tabarai, are such Kaffirs that their repentance will never be accepted.” [“Asabah”, in the chapter ‘Rawayat’, and, the book “Ithaf”, “Anqarwi”, Vol.1, Page 25, and “Waqiyyat al-Ma’een, printed in Idara-e-Ma'arif Islamia Baluchistan, Page 13] In other renowned Fiqh books, it is stated: كل مسلم ارتد فتو بته مقبولة الا الكافر بسب النبی اوالشیخین او احدھما “The repentance of every apostate will be acceptable, but the repentance of those who became Kaffirs, because of their insult and blasphemy of any Prophet, or Shaykhain, or any of the Sahabah, is not acceptable.” [Tanveer al- Absar, on the original text of the authentic and most reliable Fiqh book “Durr al-Mukhtar”, printed in Hashmi press, Page 319, Durral Mukhtar, Kitabul Jihad, Bab al Murtad, Printed in Mujtabai Dehli, Vol. 1, 57-356] It is also written in another most renowned Fiqh books that: كافر تاب فتو بته مقبو لة فی الدنیا والاٰخرة الاجماعة الكافر بسب النبی صلی اﷲ تعالٰی علیه وسلم وسائر الا نبیاء وبسب الشیخین اوا حد ھما “The repentance of any Kaffir, who repents, is accepted in the World; and the hereafter. But, there are some Kaffirs, that their repentance will never be accepted. And amongst them are those who became Kaffirs, because of their insult and blasphemy against our Holy Prophet (Sall Allahu Alaihi wa Sallam) or against any other Prophet (Alaihimus Salam). There are also those who became Kaffir, because they insulted Hadrat Abu Bakr Siddique or Hadrat Umar Farooque (Radi Allahu Anhuma).” [Asabah wan-Nazair, Fatawa Khairiyyah, Kitaabul Sayyar, Bab al Murtad, printed in Darul Ma'arifa Egypt, Vol. 1, Pages. 94, 95, 102, Ittihafal Absaar wa al Basaair, Printed in Egypt, Page 186] It is stated in the most authentic Fiqh book “Durr al-Mukhtar”, that: “It is stated in the book “Bahr al-Raique”, and it has quoted references from other Fiqh books, such as: في البحر عن الجو ھرة معزیا للشھید من سب الشیخین اوطعن فیھما كفر ولا تقبل توبته وبه اخذ الدبوسی وا بو اللیث وھوا لمختار للفتوی انتھی وجزم به الاشباه واقر ه المصنف “Jawaharah Nayarah”, Sharah “Mukhtasir Qudoori”, by Imam Sadar Shaheed, that: ‘Any person who reproaches the Shaikhain (Radi Allahu Anhuma) or taunts them, is no doubt, a Kaffir, and his repentance will never be accepted.’”[Durr al Mukhtar Sharah Tanveer al Absaar, Bab al Murtad, Printed in Mujabai Dehli, Vol. 1, 357] And this is also the verdict of Imam Daboosi and Imam Faqih Abu al-Lais Samarqandi. This is the right and true statement, and judgement to issue the verdict against them. And in another Fiqh book “Asabah”, has also stated the similar event and accepted this verdict. Shaikh al-Islam, Hadrat Allama Muhammad bin Abdullah Abu Abdullah Ghazi, Jannartash, has too, accepted this verdict.<br style="color: rgb(0, 0, 153); "> It is stated in other authentic books which have clearly mentioned that: یجب اكفارالروافض فی قولھم برجعة الاموات الی الدنیا(الی قوله ) وھولاء القوم خارجون عن ملة الاسلام و احكامھم احكام المرتد ین كذا فی الظھیریة “It is Wajib (incumbent) to charge, that Rafidhis are Kaffir, because of their belief in infidelity. And there is no doubt that they are out of Islam. The religious command against them will exactly be the same, which are against the apostates.” It is also stated in “Fatawa “Zaheeriyyah". [“Fatawa Hindiyyah” Vol. 2, Page 246, “Tariqa al-Muhammadiyyah”, and its commentary “Hadiqa an-Nadiyyah”, printed in Egypt, Vol. 1, Page 207, 208, “Barjindi”, Sharah “Naqayyah”, Vol. 4, Page 20] The Fiqh book “Khazanat al-Muftiyeen”, has stated: والا حوط فیه قول المتكلمین انھم ضلال من كلاب النار According to the statements of the distinguished Imams, who were also Mutakallameen (those Imams, who describe or define details of the Faith): “They are misled like the dogs of Hell.” [Khazanat al-Muftiyeen, Kitab al Faraidh, Vol. 2, Page 250] An absolute command based on the Consensus And, all Rafidhis in the present age are not only Tabarai, but generally, they all deny essentials of Deen. Undoubtedly and definitely, they are infidels and apostate by the consensus and agreement of all the Muslim Imams of the past and present. The Ulama have clarified that those who do not admit them as Kaffir, are themselves Kaffirs. This is an absolute command based on the consensus and agreement about the Tabarrai Rawafidh, that: They are generally infidels and apostates. The animals slaughtered by them are carrion. To marry with their men and women is absolutely unlawful (Haram) rather it is pure adultery. May Allah Ta’ala forbid! If this marriage is between a Rafidhi man and a Muslim woman, then this is a great Divine wrath. If the man is Sunni, and woman Rafidhi, then this is from among the greatest evils. This marriage will not be lawful, but mere adultery. And any child born from this marriage will be illegitimate. He would not get inheritance from his father, even though the child will be Sunni. There is no father of an illegitimate child. The woman will not have the right for legacy or dowry. This is because there is no dowry for adulteress. The Rafidhis cannot inherit from the legacy of any near relation, or inherit from the legacy of his father, mother, son and daughter. Sunni is, but a Sunni, a Rafidhi cannot inherit from the legacy of any Muslim or any Kaffir, nor has he any right from the legacy of people of his own religion, Rafidhi. Familiarizing with them, and keeping any relationship with them, or greeting them, or speaking with their men, women, Alim and Illiterate is, a great sin, and severely unlawful (Haram). One who is aware of their abuses and blasphemous beliefs, and still consider them Muslim, or has doubt in their Kufr. Such a person is himself an infidel and misled, according to the consensus and agreement of the Imams, the Awliya and the Ulama. All those verdicts will also be applied against him, which have been mentioned for the Rafidhis. This is an obligation for the Muslims that they must heed this verdict attentively and become true and pure Sunni Muslims by acting upon it. — — — Extracted from Raddur Rifadhah [Refutation of the Rawafidh — The Extreme Shi'ite Cult] by AlaHadrat Imam Ahmad Rida Khan al-Baraylawi Alaihir raHmah English Translation by: Doctor Abd al-Na'eem al-'Azizi
  14. A GLIMPSE INTO THE LIFE OF SAYYIDUSH SHUHADA HAZRAT IMAM HUSSAIN Radiallahu Ta'ala Anh Hazrat Sayyiduna Imam Hussain (Radiallahu Ta'ala Anh) is the beloved son of Hazrat Sayyiduna Ali and Bibi Fatima (Ridwanullahi Ta'ala Alaihim Ajma'een) and the most beloved grandson of Rasoolullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam). He was born on the 5th of Sha'baan in the year 4 Hijri. Rasoolullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) gave the Azaan in his right ear and the Iqaamat in his left ear. He then placed his blessed saliva in the mouth of Hazrat Imam Hussain (Radiallahu Ta'ala Anh) and made Dua for him. On the 7th day he was named Hussain and his Aqeeqa was performed. Rasoolullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) commanded Hazrat Bibi Fatima (Radiallahu Ta'ala Anh) to remove his hair and to give silver in charity equivalent to the weight of the hair. Hazrat Imam Hussain (Radiallahu Ta'ala Anh) was without doubt a very handsome personality. From his chest down to his blessed feet he was the image of Rasoolullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam), whereas his elder brother Hazrat Imam Hassan (Radiallahu Ta'ala Anh) was the image of Rasoolullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) from his chest up to his blessed head. The blessed face of Hazrat Imam Hussain (Radiallahu Ta’ala Anh) was so bright that it would even shine in the darkness of night. Hazrat Imam Hussain (Radiallahu Ta'ala Anh) was taught by Rasoolullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam), Hazrat Bibi Fatima and Sher-e-Khuda Hazrat Ali (Radiallahu Ta'ala Anhum). Rasoolullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) loved Hazrat Imam Hussain (Radiallahu Ta'ala Anh) due to his piety and pure heart. The Beloved Rasool (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) was also aware that the time would come when his beloved grandson would save the Ummah from destruction at the hands of a corrupt and tyrant leader. Rasoolullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) loved Hazrat Imam Hussain (Radiallahu Ta'ala Anh) dearly. Hazrat Umar Farooq (Radiallahu Ta'ala Anh) said, “Once, when I presented myself in the court of Rasoolullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) I saw that he was walking on his knees carrying Hazrat Imam Hussain (Radiallahu Ta'ala Anh) on his blessed back. When I saw this I said, “Your mode of transport is most splendid. On hearing this, the Beloved Rasool (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) replied, “O Umar, the passenger is also very splendid.”” Hazrat Ya'la bin Marwaa (Radiallahu Ta'ala Anh) reports that Rasoolullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) said, “Hussain is from me and I am from Hussain. Whosoever has kept Hussain as his beloved, Allah is his beloved.” Hazrat Jaabir ibn Abdullah (Radiallahu Ta'ala Anh) states, “I heard from Rasoolullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam), “Whosoever wishes to see the leader of Paradise, he should look at Hussain ibn Ali (Radiallahu Ta'ala Anh).”” Hazrat Imam Hussain (Radiallahu Ta'ala Anh) was a very kind, gentle, generous, merciful and Allah-fearing personality. He always cared for the poor and oppressed, assisted the helpless, gave comfort to those in pain and sorrow and showed great love and affection towards orphans. He was the embodiment of the character of his grandfather Sayyiduna Rasoolullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) and of his blessed parents. His tolerance and patience was also exemplary. This was manifested by the fact that his martyrdom had been foretold by the Beloved Rasool (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) and even though he was aware of this, he still made sabr and waited for the Will of Allah to take its course. Hazrat Imam Hussain (Radiallahu Ta’ala Anh) was also blessed with bravery of the highest degree and this bravery and fearlessness was manifested on many occasions, particularly during the Battle of Karbala. The following incidents should give us a glimpse of the exemplary personality of Hazrat Imam Hussain (Radiallahu Ta’ala Anh): Once, Hazrat Imam Hassan and Imam Hussain (Radiallahu Ta'ala Anhum) wrote some words in calligraphy on a blackboard. After they had completed writing, they both told each other that the other's writing was better. They could not come to an agreement as to whose writing was better, so they took their work to Hazrat Ali (Radiallahu Ta'ala Anh) and asked him to make the decision. He looked at their work and asked them to take it to their mother Hazrat Bibi Fatima (Radiallahu Ta'ala Anha). She looked at their work and said that the best person to make such a decision would be their beloved grandfather Sayyiduna Rasoolullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam). Both brothers then went to the court of the Beloved Rasool (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam), who looked at their work and said, “This decision will be made by Hazrat Jibra'eel (Alaihis Salaam). Immediately Hazrat Jibra'eel (Alaihis Salaam) appeared and said, “O Prophet of Allah, this decision will be made by Almighty Allah.” Thus Almighty Allah commanded Hazrat Jibra'eel (Alaihis Salaam) to take an apple from Jannat and to drop it over their boards. The best piece of work will be that on which the apple will fall. Hazrat Jibra'eel (Alaihis Salaam) then did as commanded and dropped the apple over the boards. The apple fell and split into two equal pieces, half on the board of Hazrat Imam Hassan and half on the board of Hazrat Imam Hussain (Radiallahu Ta'ala Anhum). Subhaanallah! This showed that both of their calligraphic writing was equal. It also shows us what excellence has been bestowed on the grandsons of Rasoolullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) that the decision concerning their writing is made in the Divine Court of Almighty Allah. Once, Hazrat Imam Hassan and Imam Hussain (Radiallahu Ta'ala Anhum) had gone outside for a long time and Hazrat Bibi Fatima (Radiallahu Ta'ala Anha) became very worried. She was still thinking about where the children might have gone when the Beloved Rasool (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) arrived at her home. She immediately asked her beloved father, “Ya Rasoolullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam), Imam Hassan and Imam Hussain cannot be found. They have gone out and we do not know their whereabouts.” Just then, Hazrat Jibra'eel (Alaihis Salaam) descended and said, “Ya Rasoolullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam), there is nothing to worry about. Both the children are at a certain place and Almighty Allah has appointed angels to protect them.” On hearing this, Rasoolullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) went to the spot pointed out by Hazrat Jibra'eel (Alaihis Salaam) and he saw that both the beloved grandsons were resting and an angel had one of his wings under them and was shading them with the other wing. The Beloved Rasool (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) kissed both of them and carried them home to Hazrat Bibi Fatima (Radiallahu Ta'ala Anha). Once a Bedouin presented himself in the court of Hazrat Imam Hussain (Radiallahu Ta'ala Anh) and said, “I heard your beloved grandfather (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) say that when one is in need of anything, then one should request this from one of four persons; either from a pious Arab, or from a pious master, or from a Hafizul Qur'an, or from a graceful person, and all these four qualities are found in you in the highest form. The reason for this, is that if the entire Arabia received piety, it is through your blessed family, and generosity is your beautiful quality; as for the Qur'an, this was revealed in your home and concerning your gracefulness, I heard your beloved grandfather (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) say, “If you wish to see me, then look at Hassan and Hussain.”” Hazrat Imam Hussain (Radiallahu Ta'ala Anh) listened to his words and then said, “I heard my beloved grandfather Rasoolullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) saying, “Piety is according to one's knowledge.” I will thus ask you three religious questions. I have with me this bag. If you answer one question I shall give you one third of what is in the bag; if you answer two, then I shall give you half of what is in this bag and if you answer all the questions, then I shall give you all of what is in the bag.” The Bedouin was very pleased and requested Hazrat Imam Hussain (Radiallahu Ta'ala Anh) to present the questions. He asked, “Which action is the most exalted amongst all actions?” The Bedouin replied, “To bring faith in Allah.” Imam Hussain (Radiallahu Ta'ala Anh) then asked, “What protects a servant from destruction?” He answered, “In having complete trust (faith) in Allah.” Imam Hussain (Radiallahu Ta'ala Anh) then asked, “What is that through which a servant attains his splendour?” He answered, “By knowledge which is accompanied with good deeds.” He asked, “And if one does not have this quality?” He answered, “He should have that wealth in which there is generosity.” He then asked, “And what if one does not have such wealth?” He said, “He should be patient in his poverty.” Sayyidush Shuhada (Radiallahu Ta’ala Anh) then asked, “And what if someone is not is such a poverty (where he is patient)?” The Bedouin replied, “Then he should be struck by a bolt of lightening.” On hearing these answers, Hazrat Imam Hussain (Radiallahu Ta'ala Anh) smiled and gave him the entire bag. Once Hazrat Imam Hassan, Hazrat Imam Hussain and Hazrat Abdullah ibn Jaafar (Radiallahu Ta'ala Anhum) had gone together on Hajj. On their way, the camel which was carrying food, water and belongings went astray and was left far behind. They came to a shack belonging to a very old woman. All three of them went over to the shack and told the woman that they were very thirsty and asked if she could spare them something to drink. The old woman kindly milked her goats and presented the goats milk for them to drink. They then kindly asked if she had anything for them to eat. The old woman said that the food was not prepared but if they wished to wait, she would slaughter the goat and cook it for them. They thus agreed to wait. The goat was slaughtered and the old woman cooked a delicious meal. All of them happily partook in the meal, and on leaving they informed the old woman that they were of the Quraish tribe and they invited her to visit them in Madina, so that they may return her generous favour. The three of them then continued on their journey. Her husband came home later that day and found that she had cooked the goat. He was very angry that she had fed the goat to people she did not even know. Some time passed and both the old woman and her husband became very poor. They travelled to Madina Munawwarah where they earned very little money gathering and selling camel droppings. Once while she was walking in Madina Shareef, Hazrat Imam Hassan (Radiallahu Ta'ala Anh) spotted her. He immediately went up to her and asked if she recognized him. The old woman said that she could not and Imam Hassan (Radiallahu Ta'ala Anh) explained to her that he was amongst those who stopped at her shack and partook in a meal which she provided for them. On hearing this she was very pleased and she informed Hazrat Imam Hassan (Radiallahu Ta'ala Anh) of her situation. Hazrat Imam Hassan (Radiallahu Ta'ala Anh) took her to his home and gave her one thousand goats and one thousand dinars in cash. He then asked his servant to take her to the home of Hazrat Imam Hussain (Radiallahu Ta'ala Anh). Imam Hussain (Radiallahu Ta'ala Anh) asked her what her brother had given her, and he too blessed her with one thousand goats and one thousand dinars. Hazrat Imam Hussain (Radiallahu Ta'ala Anh) then asked his servant to take her to the home of Hazrat Abdullah ibn Jaafar (Radiallahu Ta'ala Anh). He was very pleased to see her and asked what both Imam Hassan and Imam Hussain (Radiallahu Ta'ala Anhum) had given her. She replied that all together they had given her two thousand goats and two thousand dinars. On hearing this he gave her two thousand goats and two thousand dinars. The old woman was now very pleased, and took the four thousand goats and four thousand dinars and went to her husband. She presented these to him and said, “This is a gift from that generous family to whom I had fed one goat.” Subhaanallah! What generosity did Hazrat Imam Hussain (Radiallahu Ta'ala Anh) and his family possess. May Allah Ta’ala grant us the Taufeeq to instil in us and our children the beautiful qualities possessed by Hazrat Imam Hussain Radiallahu Ta’ala Anh, Ameen. [Compiled from Tazkira Masha’ikh-e-Qadria Razvia by Maulana Abdul Mujtaba Razvi ]