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Jews And Christians Committed Shirk In Rububiyyah.


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Article Reworked:
 

Jews And Christians Committed Shirk In Rububiyyah.

Introduction:

Muhammad bin Abdul Wahhab introduced Kufri innovation into deen of Islam by preaching ; polytheists did not commit Shirk in Tawheed Al Rububiyyah. Yet it is established from Quran/Ahadith; some Jews, Christians and Arab polytheists all committed Shirk in Rububiyyah.

People Of Book Committing Shirk:

Allah (subhanahu wa ta’ala) states, if there were any other gods/lords besides Allah (subhanahu wa ta’ala) then each god/lord would have seperated what he created from what other gods/lords created and would have attempted to over-throw the rule of other gods/lords: No son (or offspring) did Allah beget, nor is there any ilah (i.e. god) along with Him. (If there had been many gods), then each god would have taken away what he had created, and some would have tried to overcome others! Glorified be Allah above all that they attribute to Him!” [Ref: 23:91] This verse establishes every god is a must, lord. God is one, who is a creator, sustainer, nurisher, provider, protector, and ruler. Hence existance of other gods would mean they create their own creation, provide, sustain, nurish, protect, and rule over their own creation and desire to dominate other gods as well as their creations.[1] So belief in other gods besides Allah (subhanahu wa ta’ala) automatically establishes one is also guilty of taking lords besides Allah (subhanahu wa ta’ala). The Christians took Prophet Isa (alayhis salaam) to be Allah (subhanahu wa ta’ala): “They have certainly disbelieved who say, "Allah is the Messiah, the son of Mary" while the Messiah has said, "O Children of Israel, worship Allah, my Lord and your Lord." Indeed, he who associates others with Allah - Allah has forbidden him Paradise, and his refuge is the Fire. And there are not for the wrongdoers any helpers.” [Ref: 5:72] Hence it is implied that they believed him to be Lord beside Allah (subhanahu wa ta’ala) as well. There belief that Prophet Isa (alayhis salaam) is a lord is attested by the following verse: They have taken their scholars and monks as Lords besides Allah, and [also] the Messiah, the son of Mary. And they were not commanded except to worship one God; there is no god except Him. Exalted is He above whatever they associate with Him.” [Ref: 9:31] Allah (subhanhu wa ta’ala) states regarding taking of lords besides Allah (subhanahu wa ta’ala) in the following verse: “Say, "O People of the Scripture, come to a word that is equitable between us and you - that we will not worship except Allah and not associate anything with Him and not take one another as Lords instead of Allah." But if they turn away, then say, "Bear witness that we are Muslims [submitting to Him]." [Ref: 3:64] Taking of lords besides Allah (subhanahu wa ta’ala) is also established from another line of argumentation. Allah (subhanahu wa ta’ala) says: “They say: "Allah has taken a son." Exalted is He! Rather, to Him belongs whatever is in the heavens and the earth. All are devoutly obedient to Him.” [Ref: 1:116] Who are the people who have taken a son – a verse of Quran identifies these people: “And the Jews say: 'Uzair (Ezra) is the son of Allah, and the Christians say: Messiah is the son of Allah. That is their saying with their mouths, resembling the saying of those who disbelieved aforetime. Allah's Curse be on them, how they are deluded away from the truth!” [Ref: 9:30] Son of a human is human, son of Allah (subhanahu wa ta’ala) would be a God. This is why a group of Christians said about Prophet Isa (alayhis salaam) is Allah (subhanahu wa ta’ala) incarnate: “They have certainly disbelieved who say, "Allah is the Messiah, the son of Mary" while the Messiah has said, "O Children of Israel, worship Allah, my Lord and your Lord." Indeed, he who associates others with Allah - Allah has forbidden him Paradise, and his refuge is the Fire. And there are not for the wrongdoers any helpers.” [Ref: 5:72] And it was already established in the beginning that God is Lord so taking of Prophet Isa (alayhis salaam) and Uzair as son of Allah is equal to believing them to be gods/lords besides Allah (subhanahu wa ta’ala).

Conclusion:

The people of the book took Uzair, Prophet Isa (alayhis salaam)  and their scholars as lords besides Allah  (subhanahu wa ta’ala). Also they believed Uzair and Prophet Isa (alayhis salaam) were sons of Allah (subhanahu wa ta’ala). Son of a god would be god and according to Quranic evidence every god is lord – i.e. , creator, nurisher, sustainer, ruler, provider, and protector etc. This goes on to establish that qualities of Rububiyyah are inherent part of Ulluhiyyah (i.e. God-hood) of Allah (subhanahu wa ta’ala) and not separate. Verse 23:91 is also proof that polytheists of Makkah also took their idol-gods as lords besides Allah (subhanhu wa ta’ala). On account of all this evidence it is clear; people of book and polytheists of Arabian peninsula were guilty of Shirk in Rububiyyah of Allah (subhanahu wa ta’ala).

Wama alayna ilal balaghul mubeen.
Muhammed Ali Razavi

Footnotes:

- [1] From this the argument agains the polytheists is that there is one god/lord who created a single creation and rules over it. Had there been many gods/lords then each would have seperated what he created and would have fought the other to dominate him. Absence of such struggle between whom you take to be gods/lords besides Allah (subhanahu wa ta’ala) is proof of there is no other God/Lord beside Him.

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