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MuhammedAli

Hadith Distortion Series – Najd Means Elevated/raised Land And Modern Najd Does Not Fit The Word Description.

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Introduction:

Hadhrat Ibn Umar (radiallah ta’ala anhu) narrates that Prophet (sallallahu alayhi wa aalihi was’sallam) was making dua for Sham and Yemen: "O Allah! Bless our Sham and our Yemen." Some people from the gathering said: "Our Najd as well." Prophet (sallallahu alayhi wa aalihi was’sallam) continued: "O Allah! Bless our Sham and Yemen." The people said again: "Our Najd as well." Prophet (sallallahu alayhi wa aalihi was’sallam) ignored the request and said: “There will appear earthquakes and afflictions, and from there will come out the group of Satan." [Ref: Bukhari, B17, H147] This establishes Prophet (sallallahu alayhi wa aalihi was’sallam) ignored their request to make dua of blessing for Najd and informed them that group of Satan will emerge from Najd.

Wahhabism Emerges From Najd:

In the 17th century just as Prophet (sallallahu alayhi wa aalihi was’sallam) foretold Muhammad bin Abdul Wahhab appeared in region of Najd accusing Muslims of Shirk – thus invalidating their belief in Islam. On grounds of this he legalized the killing and the property of Muslims. Legalized enslaving of their wives, daughters, sisters, mothers, and legalized engaging in sexual acts with the enslaved Muslim women without Nikkah. On grounds that these women are polytheist slaves which are property of the master and he can do what he likes to what he owns. Including forced sexual activity without Nikkah and sexual activity with already married Muslim women. Thus he applied all the Ihkams of Sharia upon Muslims reserved for polytheist non-Muslims. This reveals how he and his sect truly sees the Muslims – see the Muslims as polytheistic Kafirs. Apart from emerging Najd his followers folded the lion cloth from waste – which revealed their ankles. They also excessively shaved their heads and these were the signs mentioned in Ahadith about the first Khariji in the time of Prophet (sallallahu alayhi wa aalihi was’sallam). His name was Abdullah bin Dhil Khuwaisirah he is reported to have said: The news come to me from the heaven morning and evening. Then there stood up a person with deep snnken eyes, prominent cheek bones, and elevated forehead, thick beard, shaven head, tucked up loin cloth, and he said: Messenger of Allah, fear Allah.” [Ref: Muslim, B5, H2319] The missionary center of Wahhabism was based in Al Dirriyah which almost exact east from Madinah. The following Hadith narrates what Prophet (sallallahu alayhi wa aalihi was’sallam) is reported to have said: “Sahl b. Hunaif reported Allah's Apostle (may peace be upon him) as saying: There would arise from the east a people with shaven heads.” [Ref: Muslim, Book 005, Number 233] Prophet (sallallahu alayhi wa aalihi was’sallam) is reported to have informed that to kill a Muslim is Kufr and to accuse a Muslim of being Kafir, atleast one of the two (i.e. accused and accuser) is Kafir. Muhammad bin Abdul Wahhab along side minions are engaged in accusing the Muslims of committing major Shirk which is a diplomatic way of saying polytheistic Kafir. It is firmly established from the Ahadith that Muslims of Arabian Peninsula as a whole and Muslims of world as whole in general will never fall into Shirk. Based on these two factors; 1) killing Muslims and 2) falsely accusing Muslims of being polytheists, they are the Kuffar being foretold to emerge from east of Madinah, in the following Hadith: It is narrated on the authority of Abu Huraira that the Messenger of Allah (may peace and blessings be upon him) remarked: The summit of unbelief is towards the East and the pride and conceitedness is found among the owners of horses and camels who are rude and uncivil, people of the tents, and tranquillity is found among those who rear goats and sheep.” [Ref: Muslim, B1, H87] Hence Wahhabism is, the sect, the gathering, the group, the peak/summit of Kufr foretold by Prophet (sallallahu alayhi wa aalihi was’sallam) to appear from east of Madinah in Najd.

Wahhabi Belief Najd And East Are In Iraq:

Considering the seriousness of the charge levelled against the Wahhabism – Wahhabism is the group of Satan, the group of Kufr. The Wahhabi’s have resorted to distorting the Hadith. They argue, Najd known to Prophet (sallallahu alayhi wa aalihi was’sallam) was Iraq, by Najd Iraq was intended, or Najd is Iraq east is toward Iraq.

Wahhabi Justification – Why Iraq Is Najd:

Following quote gives reasons why the Wahhabi’s believe Najd is Iraq, quote: “The region today known as "najd" in Saudi Arabia was not historically known by that name, in part because the meaning of the word najd (an elevated region and a region that is to the East) does not accurately describe the part of modern-day Saudi Arabia known as Najd (which is a region that is not directly East of Medina, where Muhammad sallallaahu 'alayhi wa sallam was when the hadith in question was said, and is also a region that is not elevated above Medina). In respect to Medina, which as I mentioned is the area where this hadith was said, the "najd" would refer more accurately to Iraq.  The 'ulama of the past were united in understanding this.  Furthermore, the "najd" is a term that partially depends on your location; thus, there were thirteen regions that were historically known as "najd." There are number of claims being made by the author; 1) modern Najd historically was not known by name Najd, 2) because the word Najd means elevated/raised [land] which does not accurately describe modern Saudi Najd, 3) modern Saudi region of Najd is not in east and Najd is to east from Madinah, 4) Ulamah were united on Najd being Iraq, 5) there were thirteen Najds known historically. The author makes his case clear that Najd of the Hadith in discussion is Iraq and not ‘modern’ Najd. His first point, ‘modern’ Najd not being known by the name of Najd in time of Prophet (sallallahu alayhi wa aalihi was’sallam) has been addressed, here.  The following points; ‘modern’ Najd is not East of Madinah, Ulamah of past agreed Iraq is Najd and existance of thirteen Najds historically, will be dealt individually in separate articles in due time. The second point that Najd means elevated land and the ‘modern’ Najd is not elevated land and Najd is Iraq due to this reason, will be discussed here in the article.

 

Linguistic Meaning Of Iraq And Najd:

Wahhabi’s argue Prophet (sallallahu alayhi wa aalihi was’sallam) used the word Najd. Najd means high/raised land therefore Iraq was intended target of Najd and not Eastern Arabian province of Najd. Point to note is that the Wahhabi’s focus on the lingusitic meaning of Najd but not Iraq. There is reason for this, the word Iraq means land of rivers, streams and it is flat land consisting of marshes, and flat dry regions. By presenting the reality of Iraq as well as Najd and then arguing Najd means Iraq, it would establish a glaring inconsistancy. If Iraq is linguistic najd then how can it be low laying flat land? Iraq is either a low laying flat land or mountainous terrain (i.e. najd). If it is mountain it is not flat and if it is flat it is not moutain. In another words, If it is najd then it is not Iraq and if it is Iraq then its not najd.

Maps On Ground Elevation Data Of Various Cities Of Iraq And Najd:

On the bottom of picture the ground elevation figures given above will be shown. Compare and tele the data with maps and also do verify it independantly using daftlogic website. Please note the figures will increase/decrease depending upon where the marker was placed. You are more then welcome to use daftlogic tool to varify the data presented above. All you have to do is find the cities, click on a random location on the map and it will give you ground elevation, that’s all. Following three maps are of locations within Arabian Peninsula:

post-14098-0-74354900-1409348787_thumb.jpg
post-14098-0-18876300-1409348791_thumb.jpg
post-14098-0-96485700-1409348795_thumb.jpg

Following four maps will be of various cities of Iraq and important places connected with Khawarij. It is recommended that readers use the daftlogic website to do a comprehensive authentication of the claim that Iraq in respect to Saudi Arabian Najd is a low land.

post-14098-0-19159200-1409348815_thumb.jpg
post-14098-0-92215400-1409348820_thumb.jpg
post-14098-0-87572000-1409348828_thumb.jpg
post-14098-0-09653900-1409348844_thumb.jpg

Bare Facts About Ground Elevation Of Cities Of Iraq And Najd:

Hisotrical Najd consisted of modern provinces of Riyadh, Al Qassim, and Ha'yil. These provinces are in direction of east and fit the linguistic meaning of Najd (i.e. elivated land).

- Riyadh:                                             614.071 M       2014.670 Feet
- Buraydah:                                         623.899 M       2046.914 Feet
- Ha'yil:                                               1012.044 M     3320.355 Feet

- Baghdad                                            40.997 M         134.506 Feet
- Nahrawan                                         38.724 M         127.049 Feet
- Najaf                                                55.923 M         183.475 Feet
- Kufa (roughly)                                   28.000 M         91.870 Feet
 
In contrast to Najd (Saudi provinces; Riyadh, al Qassim, Ha'yil) Iraq is a low land. This is enough to refute the claim that Najd referrs to Iraq due to Najds linguistic meanings. It has been established that Iraq is a flat land. Where as the Saudi province of Najd is a raised/mountainous terrain and the linguistic meaning also fits Saudi eastern province of Najd perfectly. Therefore the Wahhabi claim that the linguisitic meaning of word Najd fits unto Iraq has been refuted. The region which Ahle Sunnat consider to be Najd in Saudi Arabia is in accordance with the linguistic meaning of najd.

Maps Demonstrating The  Linguistic Meaning Of Najd And Iraq:

Below is the map of Saudi Arabia in it’s original form:

post-14098-0-17644100-1409348874_thumb.jpg

The following map is Saudi Wahhabi states designated Najd:

post-14098-0-99262000-1409348883_thumb.jpg

The following map contains in green the Najd designated by Saudi Wahhabi state. The red outline of Najd is linguistic Najd. The blue outline of Najd is one which I have managed to decipher from the geographical data passed on by Islamic geographers. This blue outline is not precise just about rough outline of historical Najd known to Prophet (sallallahu alayhi wa aalihi was’sallam). This blue Najd is where Ahle Sunnat Wal Jammat believe historical Najd is and not in Iraq.

post-14098-0-27185000-1409348897_thumb.jpg

Following map was googled in google images using search term ‘Saudi Topography’. It was part of article, Geography Of Saudi Arabia., following is direct link to the map, click.

post-14098-0-48873000-1409348910_thumb.jpg

 

Following is the picture of Iraq, please compare with central Arabian Najd:

post-14098-0-01208900-1409348919_thumb.jpg

The region which Ahle Sunnat deem as being Najd is between 500 metres and 1500 metres in comarision to sea level. Iraq on other hand is pretty is between 25 metres to 150 metres in height. You can see Iraq is definitely not the linguisitic najd which the Wahhabi’s want the Muslims to believeit.

Conclusion:

The position of the Ahle Sunnat Wal Jammat that Najd is in East of Madinah and it is a province within Arabian Peninsula is supported and established by topographical maps. The linguistic meaning of Najd – raised/elevated land perfectly fits unto the Saudi Arabian province of Najd. In contrast to Najd, Iraq is a low laying land between Saudi Arabia and Iran and the linguisitic meaning of Iraq – land of rivers, streams perfectly fit it. In light of all the evidence it is safe to conclude that the Wahhabi position is based on gross distortion of facts and I dare say deliberate attempt to distort the Hadith of Prophet (sallallahu alayhi wa aalihi was’sallam). Over all conclusion is that Najd of Hadith of group of Satan is directly east of Madinah and Muhammad bin Abdul Wahhab was born in this Najd.

Wama alayna ilal balaghul mubeen.
Muhammed Ali Razavi

Edited by MuhammedAli

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