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Three Essential Requirements Of Worship - Without Any One There Is No Worship.

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Shaykh Muhammad Ibn Abdul Wahhab the founder of Wahhabi branch of Kharijism and his then/current group of Iblees (i.e. Qarn ash’Shaytaan) due to countless reasons accused Muslims of worshiping graves, trees, Jinn, Awliyah-Allah, fairies, and idols. This is despite the fact that none of the accused ever affirmed belief of Ilahiyyah for anyone other except Allah (subhanahu wa ta’ala). And none from them believed they are worshipping any mentioned nor had any intention of worshipping anyone of these. Wahhabi justification has been that they have offered acts of worship such as Sajdah (i.e. prostration), Tawaf (i.e. circumblation) and Dua (i.e. invocation) to these therefore guilty of worship. Object of this article would be to establish three core principles and demonstrate them to be correct/valid with examples. And then demonstrate, Sajdah, Tawaf, and Dua are not worship until performed with in context of these three core principles.

Three Fundamental Principles Of Worship:

The three essential principles of worship are belief in Ilahiyyah, intention of worship, and an action of  worship. For Islamic ritual-acts of worship there are other requirements but three mentioned are absolutely must without any there can be no worship even if performed by Muslim, or non-Muslim.

Implicit Affirmation Of Attributes Which Warrant Ilahiyyah And Worship:

When there is no EXPLICIT affirmation of Ilahiyyah but an idol/person is beleived to posses anyone of the atributes of Allah (subhanahu wa ta’ala) such as; its is beleived idol/person possesses Zaat and Sifaat which are Mustaqil bil'Zaat, Wajib ul-Wujud, Qadeem ... Or it is beleived that idol/person is ‘biological’ son, or is daughter of Allah; and then with intention of worship is loved, adored, respected, honoured, feared; and people stand, bow, prostrate, kneel; and supplicated in praise, beseech for their needs; in humility, submissiveness, respect, love, and fear then this would warrant affirmation of Ilahiyyah in belief and worship. Both of which are Shirk al-Akbar (i.e. major act of polytheism). Figurative use of son of God for any creation is Kufr but not Shirk.

Explicit Affirmation Of In-equal Ilahiyyah And Intention, Action, And Worship:

When belief of Ilahiyyah is affirmed and idol/person is not associated as an equal Ilah-partner of Allah (subhanahu wa ta’ala), in one or more of His Sifaat, nor an equal in His Zaat; Ilah-partner is not praised, nor needs are sought from him, nor respected, loved, feared, honoured; nor bowed to, or prostrated to, or knelt infront of, or stood infront of as mark in respect; even then Shirk al-Akbar has occured due to affirmation of belief of Ilahiyyah. If such inferior Ilah-partner is praised, invoked for need, respected, loved, feared, honoured, bowed to, or prostrated to, or knelt infront of, or stood infront of as mark in respect then worship has occurred.

Role Of Intention/Niyyah In Worship Is Absolutely Crucial:

In Islam worship is only valid and accepted when the beleif about the Ilah ( i.e. Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala) is worthy of Him. Fundamentally a believer must profess Allah (subhanahu wa ta’ala) is Ilah/Ma’bud (i.e. deserving of worship) along belief in Tawheed. If such beleif is absent then actions alone can not be deemed worship. With the correct belief worshipper must have intention of worshipping Allah (subhanahu wa ta’ala) otherwise actions performed will be rejected by Allah (subhanahu wa ta’ala) in hereafter because no worship has taken place. If belief of Tawheed is correct but defect is in method of worship or in related but not Tawheed then worshipper is a Muwahid and Muslim. Zaid believes in Ilahiyyah of Allah (subhanahu wa ta’ala), affirms all essential understanding of Tawheed, rejects all major and abstains from minor forms of Shirk, performs perfect Wudhu, chooses clean place, clothing worn by him is properly purified, method of Salah is fully in accordance with prophetic method of Salah but in his heart he has no intention of worshipping Allah (subhanahu wa ta’ala) but does everything to fit into the crowd; in this scenario despite all no worship has been performed by Zaid. In this scenario Zaid had no intention of worshipping Allah (subhanahu wa ta’ala) therefore his actions and everything else cannot be worship. Yet he remains a Muwahid and a Muslim because he attests to all requirements of Islam.

Demonstrating Absence Of Ilahiyyah And Intention Equals No Worship:

Kumar a new-age nut believes in Allah (subhanahu wa ta’ala) but not as an Ilah/Mabud but was a human being because Hadith of Allah (subhanahu wa ta’ala) creating Adam (alayhis salam) in His/his image. He holds to misguided notion that Allah (subhanahu wa ta’ala) is an Insaan like rest of us but with superior technology and a huge spaceship. And Allah (subhanahu wa ta’ala) created Adam (alayhis salam) in His/his own image on some planet and beamed Adam (alayhis salam) down on earth. Note he does not affirm belief of Ilahiyyah/Rububiyyah or anything else of Tawheed. You have to agree Kumar is a mad nut-job but he still performs Salah with intention of worship and meets all requirements of Salah except affirmation of Ilahiyyah. Question to you is; is Kumar worshipping Allah (subhanahu wa ta’ala)? He is not because his belief is Allah (subhanahu wa ta’ala) is not worthy of worship for example he does not believe Allah (subhanahu wa ta’ala) is an Ilah/Ma’bud. What if Kumar affirms all Islam except Ilahiyyah for Allah (subhanahu wa ta’ala) and performs action of worship for Allah (subhanahu wa ta’ala) but with no intention of worship; is he worshipping Allah (subhanahu wa ta’ala)? No because beliefe of Ilahiyyah and intention and action are all essential components of worship.

Establishing Principles Through Prophet Ya’qub And Angels Prostrating:

Allah (subhanahu wa ta’ala) instructed the angels to prostrate to Prophet Adam (alayhis salam). Tongue in cheek will translate this Quranic verse in accordance with Wahhabi understanding of how Ibadah/Shirk takes place; all the ‘Mushriks’ prostrated to Prophet Adam (alayhis salam) but Iblees the Wahhabi type flag bearer of Tawheed refused to ‘worship’ Prophet Adam (alayhis salam) and upheld his belief in Tawheed. Incase of misunderstanding so I will set the record straight; Allah (subhanahu wa ta’ala) commanded the angels to prostrate to Prophet Adam (alayhis salam) angels prostrated as they were commanded to show their respect to Prophet Adam (alayhis salam) and in obedience to Allah (subhanahu wa ta’ala). If Sajdah by its very nature was worship then angels worshipped Prophet Adam (alayhis salam) but it is not the case. Principle is that for an/any action to be worship one performing the action must affirm belief of Ilahiyyah for whom the action is performed and intend to perform the action with intention of worship. Angels performed action of prostration without belief of Ilahiyyah for Prophet Adam (alayhis salam) and without ever intending to worship him therefore no worship took place. Same principle and understanding applies to action of Prophet Ya’qub (alayhis salam) when he prostrated to his son Prophet Yusuf (alayhis salam).


Three cores of worship are affirmation of Ilahiyyah, intention of worship, and action of worship. Without any of these three no worship has taken place. O Khariji minions of Shaykh Muhammad Ibn Abdul Wahhab these principles are demonstratable truth and you cannot disbelieve in them. Why do you accuse Muslims of worshipping graves, trees, fairies, idols, righteous servants of Allah (subhanahu wa ta’ala) and Jinn? And you know there is no affirmation of Ilahiyyah by Muslims, no intention to worship them, and in ninety-nine percent of times no action which resembles acts of worship. And even if there was an action which outwardly resembled act of worship even then such action alone is not worship until belief of Ilahiyyah, and intention of worship are part of it. Just as action of prostation performed by angels and Prophet Ya’qub (alayhis salam) without Ilahiyyah/Niyyah did not amount to worship. Any who makes Takfir of a Muslim is a Kafir and Takfir of Wahhabis returns to them.

Wama Alayna Ilal Balaghul Mubeen.
Muhammed Ali Razvi

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