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سوال: کیا علمائے امت کے اقوال و افعال سے جشن عیدمیلاد النبیﷺ کا ثبوت ملتا ہے؟
جواب: اس امت کے بڑے بڑے مفتیان کرام، علماء کرام، مفسرین، محدثین، شارحین اور فقہاء نے اپنی اپنی کتابوں میں جشن عید میلاد النبیﷺ منانے کو باعث اجر وثواب لکھا ہے، چنانچہ علمائے امت کے اقوال ملاحظہ ہوں۔
1۔ حضرت امام اعظم علیہ الرحمہ (المتوفی 150ھ) آپ رحمتہ اﷲ علیہ کا نام تعارف کا محتاج نہیں۔ آپ کی دینی خدمات اس قدر ہیں کہ ساری دنیا کے مسلمان ان شاء اﷲ عزوجل تا قیامت کے علم سے مستفید رہیں گے۔ آپ رحمتہ اﷲ تعالیٰ علیہ اپنے ’’قصیدہ نعمانیہ‘‘ میں حضور نبی اکرمﷺ کا میلاد شریف یوں بیان کرتے ہیں:
یعنی! ’’آپﷺ ہی وہ ہیں کہ اگر آپﷺ نہ ہوتے تو کچھ نہ ہوتا اور آپ پیدا نہ ہوتے تو کچھ بھی نہ پیدا کیا جاتا۔ آپﷺ وہ ہیں جن کے نور سے چودھویں کا چاند منور ہے اور آپﷺ ہی کے نور سے یہ سورج روشن ہے اور حضرت عیسٰی علیہ السلام آپ کی خوشخبری سنانے آئے اور آپﷺ کے حسن صفات کی خبر لے کر آئے‘‘ (قصیدۂ نعمانیہ، صفحہ 196، 195ء)
2۔ حضرت امام شافعی علیہ الرحمہ (المتوفی 204ھ) آپ علیہ الرحمہ ارشاد فرماتے ہیں کہ ’’میلاد شریف منانے والا صدیقین، شہداء اور صالحین کے ساتھ ہوگا‘‘ (النعمتہ الکبریٰ بحوالہ ’’برکات میلاد شریف‘‘ ص 6)
3۔ حضرت امام احمد بن حنبل علیہ الرحمہ (المتوفی 241ھ) آپ علیہ الرحمہ ارشاد فرماتے ہیں ’’شب جمعہ، شب قدر سے افضل ہے کیونکہ جمعہ کی رات سرکار علیہ السلام کا وہ نور پاک اپنی والدہ سیدہ آمنہ رضی اﷲ عنہا کے مبارک رحم میں منتقل ہوا جو دنیا و آخرت میں ایسی برکات و خیرات کا سبب ہے جوکسی گنتی و شمار میں نہیں آسکتا‘‘ (اشعتہ اللمعات)
4۔ امام فخر الدین رازی علیہ الرحمہ (المتوفی 606ھ) فرماتے ہیں کہ ’’جس شخص نے میلاد شریف کا انعقاد کیا۔ اگرچہ عدم گنجائش کے باعث صرف نمک یا گندم یا ایسی ہی کسی چیز سے زیادہ تبرک کا اہتمام نہ کرسکا تو ایسا شخص برکت نبوی سے محتاج نہ ہوگا اور نہ ہی اس کا ہاتھ خالی رہے گا‘‘ (النعمتہ الکبری، بحوالہ برکات میلاد شریف ص 5)
5۔ حضرت امام سبکی رحمتہ اﷲ علیہ (المتوفی 756ھ) آپ رحمتہ اﷲ علیہ نے اپنے ’’قصیدہ تائیہ‘‘ کے آخر میں حضور نبی کریمﷺ کو خطاب کرتے ہوئے کہا ہے۔
ترجمہ ’’میں قسم اٹھاتا ہوں کہ اگر تمام دریا و سمندر میری سیاہی ہوتے اور درخت میرا قلم ہوتے اور میں آپﷺ کی عمر بھر نشانیاں لکھتا تو ان کا دسواں حصہ بھی نہ لکھ پاتا کیونکہ آپ کی آیات و صفات ان چمکتے ستاروں سے بھی کہیں زیادہ ہیں‘‘ (نثرالدرر علی مولد ابن حجر، ص 75)
6۔ حافظ ابن کثیر (المتوفی 774ھ) فرماتے ہیں ’’رسول اﷲﷺ کی ولادت کی شب اہل ایمان کے لئے بڑی شرافت، عظمت، برکت اور سعادت کی شب ہے۔ یہ رات پاکی ونظافت رکھنے والی، انوار کو ظاہر کرنے والی، جلیل القدر رات ہے۔ اﷲ تعالیٰ نے اس رات میں وہ محفوظ پوشیدہ جوہر ظاہر فرمایا جس کے انوار کبھی ختم ہونے والے نہیں‘‘ (مولد رسولﷺ،



salam

jo opar references hain in kay scan pages koi yaha day sakta hai , shukria

 

was salam

Edited by aaftab

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قصیدہ ںعمانیہ مکمل 


 


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 حضرت امام شافعی علیہ الرحمہ (المتوفی 204ھ) آپ علیہ الرحمہ ارشاد فرماتے ہیں کہ ’’میلاد شریف منانے والا صدیقین، شہداء اور صالحین کے ساتھ ہوگا۔


 


Al Naimatul Kubra alal Alam Imam ibne Hajar al shafie2.jpg


Al Naimatul Kubra alal Alam Imam ibne Hajar al shafie6.jpg

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مام فخر الدین رازی علیہ الرحمہ (المتوفی 606ھ) فرماتے ہیں کہ ’’جس شخص نے میلاد شریف کا انعقاد کیا۔ اگرچہ عدم گنجائش کے باعث صرف نمک یا گندم یا ایسی ہی کسی چیز سے زیادہ تبرک کا اہتمام نہ کرسکا تو ایسا شخص برکت نبوی سے محتاج نہ ہوگا اور نہ ہی اس کا ہاتھ خالی رہے گا

 

 

Al Naimatul Kubra alal Alam Imam ibne Hajar al shafie5.jpg

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    • By shahabuddin quazi
      As Salamo alaiqum hazrat....
       
      eid e milad un nabi.sallallahu taala aleh v sallam ka mahina jaise hi ata h vaise hi shaitan k chele tarah tarah ke waswaso aitrazato ki barish kr dete hai...
       
      inme ek aitraz aisa bhi h ki sahaba ne milad manaya tha kya...?
       
      ispr sunni ka jwab hota h. sahaba ka kuch na karna kab se dalil ban gaya..
       
      balke millad musthb aur mubah amal k sath manaya jata. h.. iske haram hone ki kya dalil hai..
       
      to ispr deo k bande aur gair k muqllid.. kahte h ki..
       
      alahazrat ne apni kitab gaibana janaze ki namaz jaiz nahi me ye usool dia h ki jo nabi na kre vo jaiz nahi..
       
      aur nabi ne na juloos nikala na aaj ke trike kar se milad vagaira manayA.. to vo. kyu najaiz nahi..
       
      DUSRI BAT AAP HZRAT se janni thi ki ..
       
      deobndio ne wahabio ne apni kin kitabo me ye usool.likha h ki mubah kam k liye dalil zruri nahi hoti..
       
      unke scan lg jaye to shaitaan k chelo ko ghr se hi muh tod.jwb mil jayenga Ur sunni wswso se bach jayenge..
       
      nabi ke milad ki ap sbhi sunni hazrat membaran ko mubarak bad..
       
      jazak allah..khair..
    • By MuhammedAli
      Introduction:

      Prophet (sallallahu alayhi wa aalihi was’sallam) said, whosoever introduces a good Sunnah into Islam which is followed, the innovator and the follower both will receive equal reward from Allah (subhanahu wa ta’ala). On basis of this Muslims believe Prophet (sallallahu alayhi wa aalihi was’sallam) created room for introducing innovations into religion of Islam. Anti-Muslim elements argue that in context of Hadith Prophet (sallallahu alayhi wa aalihi was’sallam) was stating one who revives a Sunnah of Prophet (sallallahu alayhi wa aalihi was’sallam) and those who follow it will receive equal reward. Note Servant has produced numerous refutations against this claim hence it will not be addressed in here. Rather Servant will utilize the linguistic meaning of بدعة to establish Islamic position. Note, this article continues some aspects which were neglected in the following article, here.

      Linguistic Meaning Of بدعة In Light Of Quran And Ahadith:

      Linguistically بدعة means innovation, something which does not have precedent. Allah (subhanahu wa ta’ala) instructed Prophet (sallallahu alayhi wa aalihi was’sallam) to say: قُلْ مَا كُنتُ بِدْعًا مِّنْ الرُّسُلِ (i.e. “Say: "I am not a new thing amongst the Messengers.") (Ref: 46:9). Prophet (sallallahu alayhi wa aalihi was’sallam) is told to say to disbelievers; that his Messenger-ship is not unique/innovative but there are precedents (i.e. Prophet Ibrahim alayhis salaam and others). Allah (subhanahu wa ta’ala) states in another verse He is the: بَدِيعُ السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالأَرْضِ (i.e. “The originator of the heavens and the earth") (Ref: 2:117/6:101) Note Allah (subhanahu wa ta’ala) created the universe and earth without relying upon a preceding example. Example of innovation without precedent is incident of a son of Prophet Adam (alayhis salaam) killing his brother: “Narrated Abdullah: The Prophet said, "None is killed unjustly, but the first son of Adam will have a part of its burden." Sufyan said: A part of its blood because he was مَنْ سَنَّ الْقَتْلَ أَوَّلاً (i.e. the first to establish the tradition of murdering)." [Ref: Bukhari, B83, H6] Words of Sufyan (rahimullah alayhi ta’ala) are attested in another Hadith: “It was narrated from Abdullah that: The Prophet said: "No person is killed wrongfully, but a share of responsibility for his blood will be upon the first son of Adam, because he was, أَوَّلُ مَنْ سَنَّ الْقَتْلَ (i.e. the first one to set the precedence of killing).” [Ref: Nisa’i, B37, H3990] Shar’i meaning of بدعة is which does not have a precedent in text of Quran or Sunnah of Prophet (sallallahu alayhi wa aalihi was’sallam) and it is of two types blameworthy and praiseworthy. Depending upon what the innovation is composed of, it can be good or bad.

      Murder Of Son Of Adam (alayhis salaam) Is Innovation:

      Prophet (sallallahu alayhi wa aalihi was’sallam) said: “Narrated Abdullah: The Prophet said, "None is killed unjustly, but the first son of Adam will have a part of its burden." Sufyan said: A part of its blood because he was مَنْ سَنَّ الْقَتْلَ أَوَّلاً (i.e. the first to establish the tradition of murdering)." [Ref: Bukhari, B83, H6] “It was narrated from Abdullah that: The Prophet said: "No person is killed wrongfully, but a share of responsibility for his blood will be upon the first son of Adam, because he was, أَوَّلُ مَنْ سَنَّ الْقَتْلَ (i.e. the first one to set the precedence of killing).” [Ref: Nisa’i, B37, H3990] On the basis of Hadith of son of Adam (alayhis salaam) it can be said that Sunna does not require precedent because Prophet (sallallahu alayhi wa aalihi was’sallam) used the word Sunna for a murder which had no precedent and innovation does not have precedent either in Shari’ah. Hence the word Sunna means innovation and the murderer introduced an innovation. His Sunna should be understood to mean innovation even though Prophet (sallallahu alayhi wa aalihi was’sallam) used Sunna (i.e. practice). Another proof that he introduced innovation is the principle used to judge his action Prophet (sallallahu alayhi wa aalihi was’sallam) stated: “And whoever بِدْعَةً ابْتَدَعَ (i.e. introduces an innovation) that is acted upon, will have a burden of sins equivalent to that of those who act upon it, without that detracting from the burden of those who act upon it in the slightest.'" [Ref: Ibn Majah, B1, H209] So therefore the son of Prophet Adam (alayhis salaam) introduced innovation of murdering. Note, Shaikh used the word bad Sunnah even though it is obvious from the text of Hadith that murderous act was committed which was without precedent, hence appropriate translation should have been innovation.

      Establishing Basis Of Proof On Ahadith Of Good And Bad Sunnah:

      Sunnah linguistically means, way, precedent and practice. Prophet (sallallahu alayhi wa aalihi was’sallam) regarding good Sunnah are: “Messenger of Allah said: "Whoever starts a سُنَّةَ خَيْرٍ (i.e. good Sunnah) which is followed, then for him is a reward and the likes of their rewards of whoever follows him, there being nothing diminished from their rewards." [Ref: Tirmadhi, B39, H2675] "Jarir b. 'Abdullah reported Allah's Messenger as saying: The servant does not introduce سُنَّةً صَالِحَةً (i.e. good Sunnah) which is followed after him. The rest of the hadith is the same." [Ref: Muslim, B34, H6468] Another Hadith establishes that good Sunnah for which the reward is being told is being made part of Islam: “He who introduces a فِي الإِسْلاَمِ سُنَّةً حَسَنَةً (i.e. good Sunnah in Islam), there is a reward for him for this and reward of that also who acted according to it subsequently, without any deduction from their rewards …” [Ref: Muslim, B34, H6466] Reward being told is of good Sunnah which is not part of Islam but is being made part of Islam. In other words, the Sunnah being introduced into Islam has no precedent in Islam, yet reward for it is guaranteed. Regarding bad Sunnah Prophet (sallallahu alayhi wa aalihi was’sallam) is reported to have said: “And whoever introduces a سُنَّةً سَيِّئَةً (i.e. reprehensible practice) that is followed, he will receive its sin and a burden of sin equivalent to that of those who follow it, without that detracting from their burden in the slightest.'" [Ref: Ibn Majah, B1, H203] Once again, the burden of sin being equally shared is for a bad Sunnah which is not part of Islam but being made part of Islam: “And he who introduces an فِي الإِسْلاَمِ سُنَّةً سَيِّئَةً (i.e. evil precedent in Islam), there is upon him the burden of that, and the burden of him also who acted upon it subsequently, without any deduction from their burden.” [Ref: Muslim, B34, H6466]

      Proof That Ahadith Good And Bad Sunnah Are About Innovations:

      It is established that word بدعة means something new without a precedent and the word سنة is used for Sunnah of first murder which did not have a precedent. Hence it is linguistically possible to use word سنة to mean بدعة. In context of reprehensible Sunnah, the word بدعة is used: “And whoever introduces a سُنَّةً سَيِّئَةً (i.e. reprehensible practice) that is followed, he will receive its sin and a burden of sin equivalent to that of those who follow it, without that detracting from their burden in the slightest.'" [Ref: Ibn Majah, B1, H203] "And whoever introduces a بِدْعَةَ ضَلاَلَةٍ (i.e. reprehensible innovation) with which Allah is not pleased nor His Messenger then he shall receive sins similar to whoever acts upon it without that diminishing anything from the sins of the people.” [Ref: Tirmadhi, B29, H2677] “Whoever بِدْعَةً ابْتَدَعَ (i.e. introduces an innovation) with which Allah and his Messenger are not pleased, he will have a (burden of) sin equivalent to that of those among the people who act upon it, without that detracting from their sins in the slightest.'" [Ref: Ibn Majah, B1, H210] This is proof that both words can be used interchangeably to mean same thing. To further support it, note Prophet (sallallahu alayhi wa aalihi was’sallam) said: “And he who introduces a فِي الإِسْلاَمِ سُنَّةً سَيِّئَةً (i.e. evil precedent in Islam), there is upon him the burden of that, and the burden of him also who acted upon it subsequently, without any deduction from their burden.” [Ref: Muslim, B34, H6466] That which is not part of Islam via precedent is innovation, therefore evil Sunnah in this Hadith is referring to evil innovations. Continuing, Prophet (sallallahu alayhi wa aalihi was’sallam) said: “He who introduces a فِي الإِسْلاَمِ سُنَّةً حَسَنَةً (i.e. good Sunnah in Islam), there is a reward for him for this and reward of that also who acted according to it subsequently, without any deduction from their rewards …” [Ref: Muslim, B34, H6466] This means reward is for a Sunnah which is not part of Islam but being made part of Islam. In other words reward is for good Sunnah which does not have precedent in Islam. Considering the meaning of بدعة we have to conclude the reward is for introducing a good innovation and for those who follow it. As proof of Islamic position; innovation can be good, note the words of Hadhrat Umar (radiallah ta’ala anhu) in following Hadith: “… that Abd ar-Rahman ibn Abd al-Qari said, "I went out with Umar ibn al-Khattab in Ramadan to the mosque and the people there were spread out in groups. Some men were praying by themselves, whilst others were praying in small groups. Umar said, 'By Allah! It would be better in my opinion if these people gathered behind one reciter.' So he gathered them behind Ubayy ibn Kab. Then I went out with him another night and the people were praying behind their Qur'an reciter. Umar said, نِعْمَتِ الْبِدْعَةُ هَذِهِ (i.e. How excellent this innovation is!) But what you miss while you are asleep is better than what you watch in prayer.' He meant the end of the night, and people used to watch the beginning of the night in prayer." [Ref: Muwatta Malik, B6, H3] Hadhrat Umar (radiallah ta’ala anhu) gathered the people to perform Taraweeh prayer under leadership of a single Imam. His innovation was followed by the companions in month of Ramadhan prompting him to say that his innovation was excellent. Ever since Hadhrat Umar gathering the companions under a single Imam it has been practiced during the entire duration of Ramadhan. This amounts to roughly thirty days, yet prophetic Sunnah is of three days only, therefore he is source of an innovation which has no precedent in prophetic Sunnah.

      Warning About The Distortion Of Texts Of Islam:

      Prophet (sallallahu alayhi wa aalihi was’sallam) is reported to have said that you will follow the way of Jews and Christians: “Narrated Abu Sa`id: The Prophet said, "You will follow the wrong ways, of your predecessors so completely and literally that if they should go into the hole of a lizard, you too will go there." We said, "O Allah's Messenger! Do you mean the Jews and the Christians?" He replied, "Whom else?" [Ref: Bukhari, B55, H662] Allah (subhanahu wa ta’ala) states regarding the Jews: “And verily, among them is a party who distort the Book with their tongues, so that you may think it is from the Book, but it is not from the Book, and they say: "This is from Allah," but it is not from Allah; and they speak a lie against Allah while they know it.” [Ref: 3:78] Do not follow the footsteps of Yahood and distort the texts of Islam by changing the meaning of words, no good will be result of it. It is better for you to submit to Allah (subhanahu wa ta’ala) and authority given to his Messenger (sallallahu alayhi wa aalihi was’sallam) then to rebel against it. The straight path of Islam has been shown to you, so walk upon it. Aspire to be from amongst the Jammah (i.e. group) of Muslims and do not oppose it.

      Conclusion:

      Words سنة and بدعة are used interchangeably to mean innovation in Ahadith of equal reward and sin. بدعة means something without a precedent. In the Ahadith of good and bad سنة the reward is being told for Sunnahs which lack a precedent in Islam hence the usage of سنة is in meaning of innovation. Therefore the reward being told is about good innovations and the blame of sin is for bad innovations.

      Wama Alayna Ilal Balaghul Mubeen
      Muhammed Ali Razavi
    • By Tanveer Afridi
      Deobandi molvi taqi usmani ki kitab say leay is iqtabaas mai yei ta'assur dainay ki koshish ki gae hai kay deobandi molvi zikr e Rasool alaihislam aur zikr e meelad sharif kay munkir nahee yei mahaz tohmat aur ilzam hai..